Granger, Washington

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Granger, Washington
City
Welcome Sign in Granger
Welcome Sign in Granger
Location of Granger in Washington
Location of Granger in Washington
Coordinates: 46°20′40″N 120°11′29″W / 46.34444°N 120.19139°W / 46.34444; -120.19139Coordinates: 46°20′40″N 120°11′29″W / 46.34444°N 120.19139°W / 46.34444; -120.19139
Country United States
State Washington
County Yakima
Area[1]
 • Total 1.80 sq mi (4.66 km2)
 • Land 1.79 sq mi (4.64 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 732 ft (223 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,246
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 3,344
 • Density 1,813.4/sq mi (700.2/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98932
Area code 509
FIPS code 53-27960
GNIS feature ID 1505218[4]
The Yakima Valley Library in Granger

Granger is a city in Yakima County, Washington, United States. The population was 3,246 at the 2010 census. Although it was classified as a town in 2000, it has since been reclassified as a city.

History[edit]

Granger was founded in 1902 and named after Walter Granger,[5] superintendent of the Washington Irrigation Company who also laid out the cities of Zillah and Sunnyside. Granger was officially incorporated on September 28, 1909. In the 1910s and 20's, the town had several large industries including a tile and brick company and a cider mill.

The Granger Farm Workers Camp, which opened in May, 1941 two miles north of the city, became known as the Crewport, Washington Farm Labor Camp. It was built by the Farm Security Administration to house Dust Bowl refugees, initially White, and later Mexican Americans, who were brought in to work in the Yakima Valley as a result of World War II labor shortages. The camp closed in the late 1960s.[6]

The Latin radio station "Radio Cadena" or "Radio KDNA" building is in the town of Granger, and was first built in in 1979. It was an activist radio station that educated farm workers, advocated farm workers' organizations, and provided Spanish language programs to non-English speaking families. In 2008, a new station building was built.

Geography[edit]

Granger is located at 46°20′40″N 120°11′29″W / 46.34444°N 120.19139°W / 46.34444; -120.19139 (46.344319, -120.191290).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.80 square miles (4.66 km2), of which, 1.79 square miles (4.64 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 453
1920 412 −9.1%
1930 568 37.9%
1940 752 32.4%
1950 1,164 54.8%
1960 1,424 22.3%
1970 1,567 10.0%
1980 1,812 15.6%
1990 2,053 13.3%
2000 2,530 23.2%
2010 3,246 28.3%
Est. 2013 3,344 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,246 people, 774 households, and 675 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,813.4 inhabitants per square mile (700.2/km2). There were 813 housing units at an average density of 454.2 per square mile (175.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.6% White, 0.4% African American, 1.7% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 46.9% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.2% of the population.

There were 774 households of which 66.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 12.8% were non-families. 10.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.14 and the average family size was 4.41.

The median age in the city was 22.2 years. 43% of residents were under the age of 18; 11% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.4% were from 25 to 44; 14.9% were from 45 to 64; and 4.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.5% male and 49.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,530 people, 570 households, and 501 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,019.7 people per square mile (781.5/km²). There were 609 housing units at an average density of 486.2 per square mile (188.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 20.20% White, 0.79% Native American, 76.36% from other races, and 2.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 85.53% of the population.

There were 570 households out of which 60.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.1% were non-families. 9.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.44 and the average family size was 4.69.

In the town the age distribution of the population shows 43.0% under the age of 18, 14.2% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 12.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $26,250, and the median income for a family was $28,026. Males had a median income of $21,458 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $8,111. About 28.5% of families and 34.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.3% of those under age 18 and 21.4% of those age 65 or over.

Trivia[edit]

  • There are a number of life-size dinosaur models on display around the town of Granger. They are made from a skeleton of steel rods and chicken wire which is then packed with a cement mix. The idea of using a dinosaur exhibit to attract tourists was first mooted in 1993 and the first dinosaur was produced in 1994.
  • Fred Oldfield, a cowboy and noted artist, is originally from Alfalfa, a subdivision of Granger.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6. 
  6. ^ "An Oral History of the Crewport Farm Labor Camp". Center for Columbia River History. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 14, 2014.