Granjeno, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Granjeno, Texas
City
City of Granjeno
Location of Granjeno, Texas
Location of Granjeno, Texas
Coordinates: 26°8′18″N 98°18′13″W / 26.13833°N 98.30361°W / 26.13833; -98.30361Coordinates: 26°8′18″N 98°18′13″W / 26.13833°N 98.30361°W / 26.13833; -98.30361
Country  United States of America
State  Texas
County Hidalgo
Government
 • Mayor Yvette Cabrera
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 108 ft (33 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 293
 • Density 896.2/sq mi (346.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 78572
Area code(s) 956
FIPS code 48-30608[2]
GNIS feature ID 1336821[3]

Granjeno is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 293 at the 2010 census.[1] The city sits on the banks of the Rio Grande, near the border with Mexico.

Granjeno is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

Geography[edit]

Granjeno is located at 26°8′18″N 98°18′13″W / 26.13833°N 98.30361°W / 26.13833; -98.30361 (26.138316, -98.303484).[1] It is situated off the junction of FM 494 and Old Military Road in southern Hidalgo County, approximately four miles southwest of McAllen.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land.

History[edit]

Founded in the late 18th century, Granjeno has a history that predates Texas statehood.[5][6] Granjeno Cemetery was established in 1872 with burials from both sides of the Rio Grande. By the mid-1930s, the community consisted of several dwellings.[4] A church and school were established in Granjeno by 1948. During the 1960s, growth in the community was stimulated by the development of a colonia.[7] The population was estimated at 545 in 1976. Ten years later, that figure has decreased to 450. On January 26, 1993, Granjeno was incorporated as a city.[5] The population was just over 300 in 2000. Mayor (Yvette Cabrera) and two commissioners (Bianca Sinai De Rueda and Mary D. Garza) [8]

Granjeno is adjacent to the Anzalduas County Park, which is known for its moss-covered trees. Construction on the nearby Anzalduas International Bridge began in mid-2007.[6]

El Granjeno Cemetery (Texas Historic Landmark) was established in 1872 with the burial of Don Antonio Garza. His brother, Don Juan Garza Escheverria, donated the surrounding land for use by the communities of El Granjeno and nearby Madero. A native of Reynosa, Mexico, Don Juan (B. 1854) is buried here, along with many of his descendants. It should be noted that specific instructions were spelled out in historic documents that the rear of the cemetery was to be reserved only for the burial of direct descendants of Don Juan Garza Escheverria. However, in recent years, non-descendants have been buried in that designated area. It is uncertain whether family members will contest this violation, and if so, what that means for the individuals interred in the Garza Escheverria family plot. Also interred here are veterans of the Civil War, World War I and the Vietnam War. El Granjeno Cemetery has served families on both sides of the Rio Grande and is a reflection of the history of the area's small working villages.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 313 people, 93 households, and 77 families residing in the city. The population density was 896.2 people per square mile (345.3/km²). There were 107 housing units at an average density of 306.4 per square mile (118.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.44% White, 0.32% Asian, 1.92% from other races, and 0.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 99.36% of the population.

There were 93 households out of which 46.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 21.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 17.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.37 and the average family size was 3.81.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.9% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,423, and the median income for a family was $19,904. Males had a median income of $16,705 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,022. About 40.4% of families and 51.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 71.7% of those under age 18 and 39.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education in the city of Granjeno is provided by the Hidalgo Independent School District.

In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Granjeno, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  5. ^ a b "Granjeno, Texas". About Rio Grande Valley cities. Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  6. ^ a b "Recognizing Granjeno". The Monitor Newspaper, McAllen, TX. 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  7. ^ "Granjeno, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  8. ^ "New Granjeno leaders are all under 25". The Monitor Newspaper, McAllen, TX. 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2009-10-05.