Granma Province

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Granma Province
Province of Cuba
Granma in Cuba.svg
Country Cuba
Capital Bayamo
Area[1]
 • Total 8,376.79 km2 (3,234.30 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 835,675
 • Density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-023

Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Bayamo. Other towns include Manzanillo (a port on the Gulf of Guacanayabo) and Pilón.

History[edit]

The province takes its name from the yacht Granma, used by Che Guevara and Fidel Castro to land in Cuba with 82 guerrillas on December 2nd, 1956; until 1976 the area formed part of the larger "Oriente Province". The American who sold the guerillas the secondhand yacht in Mexico apparently had named it "Granma" ("Granma", more usually "Grandma", is an affectionate term for a grandmother) after his grandmother.[2] The name of the vessel became an icon for Cuban communism.

The province is full of reminders of the Cuban Revolution, and of the Cuban Wars of Independence; plaques in the mountain commemorate the 1959 struggle against Fulgencio Batista. Other sites, unmarked, include archaeological digs, the sites of several palenques, and the fortified hamlets of escaped slaves. In 2005 Hurricane Dennis destroyed the site of Castro's headquarters at La Plata. There are numerous abandoned gold, silver, and manganese mine sites.

Economy[edit]

The majority of the revenue comes from coffee grown in the mountainous regions of the province. During the coffee harvest soldiers may set up roadblocks to ensure the delivery of the coffee to the government and not to the black market[citation needed].

Municipalities[edit]

Municipality Population
(2004)
Area
(km²)
Location Remarks
Bartolomé Masó 53,024 629 20°10′7″N 76°56′33″W / 20.16861°N 76.94250°W / 20.16861; -76.94250 (Bartolomé Masó)
Bayamo 222,118 918 20°22′54″N 76°38′33″W / 20.38167°N 76.64250°W / 20.38167; -76.64250 (Bayamo) Provincial capital
Buey Arriba 31,327 452 20°10′25″N 76°44′57″W / 20.17361°N 76.74917°W / 20.17361; -76.74917 (Buey Arriba)
Campechuela 46,092 577 20°14′0″N 77°16′44″W / 20.23333°N 77.27889°W / 20.23333; -77.27889 (Campechuela)
Cauto Cristo 21,159 550 20°33′44″N 76°28′10″W / 20.56222°N 76.46944°W / 20.56222; -76.46944 (Cauto Cristo)
Guisa 50,923 596 20°15′40″N 76°32′17″W / 20.26111°N 76.53806°W / 20.26111; -76.53806 (Guisa)
Jiguaní 60,320 646 20°22′24″N 76°25′20″W / 20.37333°N 76.42222°W / 20.37333; -76.42222 (Jiguaní)
Manzanillo 130,789 498 20°20′23″N 77°06′31″W / 20.33972°N 77.10861°W / 20.33972; -77.10861 (Manzanillo)
Media Luna 35,330 376 20°08′40″N 77°26′10″W / 20.14444°N 77.43611°W / 20.14444; -77.43611 (Media Luna)
Niquero 41,252 582 20°02′50″N 77°34′41″W / 20.04722°N 77.57806°W / 20.04722; -77.57806 (Niquero)
Pilón 29,751 462 19°54′20″N 77°19′15″W / 19.90556°N 77.32083°W / 19.90556; -77.32083 (Pilón)
Río Cauto 47,833 1,500 20°33′50″N 76°55′2″W / 20.56389°N 76.91722°W / 20.56389; -76.91722 (Río Cauto)
Yara 59,415 576 20°16′37″N 76°56′49″W / 20.27694°N 76.94694°W / 20.27694; -76.94694 (Yara)

Source: Population from 2004 Census.[3] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[4]

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the province of Granma had a population of 829,333.[3] With a total area of 8,375.49 km2 (3,233.79 sq mi),[5] the province had a population density of 99.0 /km2 (256 /sq mi).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población". Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010. 
  2. ^ The Independent. At home with Castro: Cuba's 'maximum chief'
  3. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-02.  (Spanish)
  4. ^ Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  5. ^ Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province". Retrieved 2007-10-02.  (Spanish)

External links[edit]