Grant's golden mole

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Grant's golden mole
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Afrosoricida
Family: Chrysochloridae
Subfamily: Chrysochlorinae
Genus: Eremitalpa
Roberts, 1924
Species: E. granti
Binomial name
Eremitalpa granti
(Broom, 1907)
Subspecies

E. g. granti
E. g. namibensis

Grant's Golden Mole area.png
Grant's golden mole range

Grant's golden mole (Eremitalpa granti) is a golden mole species. It is the only member of its genus.

Attributes[edit]

Like all other golden moles the build of these animals is similar to the moles, though they are not related, and is adapted to a life of digging. The front extremities are remodeled to digging claws; in contrast to most other species of its family they have three claws each. The tail is physically not visible, there are no auricles, the eyes are covered with fur, and the mouth is bearing a leather-like pad, which also serves for digging.

Grant's golden mole has a long silky fur, which is colored gray on cubs and sandy on older animals. With a length of 7.5 to 9 cm and a weight of 15 to 25 g it is the smallest member of its species.

Geographical distribution and habitat[edit]

Grant's golden mole lives on the western coast of South Africa and in south western Namibia.[1] Its natural habitat is dry areas, mostly sandy deserts.[1]

Diet and social behaviour[edit]

In contrast to many other golden moles, Grant's golden mole rarely builds lasting tunnels. It "swims" through the sand just under or on the surface while searching for food. It is mainly a nocturnal animal, resting by day in small caves beneath sheltering plants.[1] It is a solitary animal, with stomping grounds averaging 4.6 ha.

Besides termites and other invertebrates, its diet consists of reptiles such as skinks.

Status of endangerment[edit]

Grant's golden mole is listed as near threatened (NT) by the IUCN.[1] It is a highly specialized species that is very sensitive to the destruction of its habitat.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Bronner, G. (2008). Eremitalpa granti. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
  • Ronald M. Nowak: Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 1999, ISBN 0-8018-5789-9.

External links[edit]


This article incorporates information from this version of the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.