Grant County, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Grant County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Grant County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 20, 1873
Named for Ulysses S. Grant
Seat Ulysses
Largest city Ulysses
Area
 • Total 575.04 sq mi (1,489 km2)
 • Land 574.86 sq mi (1,489 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0 km2), 0.03%
Population
 • (2010) 7,829
 • Density 13.1/sq mi (5.1/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.grantcoks.org

Coordinates: 37°35′N 101°20′W / 37.583°N 101.333°W / 37.583; -101.333

Grant County (county code GT) is a county located in southwest Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 7,829.[1] Its county seat and only city is Ulysses.[2]

History[edit]

In 1873, the part of Kansas west of Range 25 was divided into 25 new counties. The new counties were Decatur, Rawlins, Cheyenne, Sheridan, Thomas, Sherman, Lane, Buffalo, Foote, Meade, Scott, Sequoyah, Arapahoe, Seward, Wichita, Kearny, Greeley, Hamilton, Stanton, Kansas, Stevens, and Grant.[3]

Grant County, Kansas was named after Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877), and incumbent president at the time of the county's formation.[4] The initial survey establishing county boundaries was in the summer of 1874.[4]

In 1883, Kearny, Sequoyah, Arapahoe, Kansas, Stevens, Meade, Clark and Grant counties disappeared. Hamilton, Ford, Seward, and Hodgeman counties enlarged and Finney County was created. Grant County was split with the western portion becoming a part of Hamilton County and the eastern portion becoming a part of the newly created Finney County.[3]

On June 9, 1888, Grant County was again established as a Kansas county, with original county boundaries, with the first officers of the new Grant County being sworn in on June 18, 1888.[3]

Grant County, Kansas Historical Map 1905-1915.
Legend: Green Lines = present highways, Purple circles = springs, at least in wet years, Blue = creeks, major ravines, & river basins, Gold dot triangles = Indian camps, burial sites, Red 1 = Military Redoubt, Red 2 = "Old" Ulysses. Red 3 = Surprise-Tilden, Red 4 = Cincinnati-Appomattox, Red 5 = Lawson, Red 6 = Waterford, Red 7 = Zionville, Red 8 = Golden, Red 9 = Spanish sword found, Red 10 = Shockeyville, Red 11 = "New" Ulysses

In October 1888, the county seat election for Grant County resulted in victory for Ulysses, Kansas, election results were:.[3]

Ulysses = 578
Appomattox = 268
Shockeyville = 41
Golden = 31
Spurgeon = 2

Early Day Settlements[edit]

  • "Old" Ulysses, subsequently moved to New Ulysses in 1909[4]
  • Surprise-Tilden[4]
  • Cincinnati-Appomattox[4]
  • Shockey (Shockeyville)[4]
  • Golden[4]
  • Zionville[4]
  • Lawson[4]
  • Waterford[4]
  • Gognac[4]
  • Spurgeon[4]

Law and government[edit]

Grant County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 575.04 square miles (1,489.3 km2), of which 574.86 square miles (1,488.9 km2) (or 99.97%) is land and 0.18 square miles (0.47 km2) (or 0.03%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,308
1900 422 −67.7%
1910 1,087 157.6%
1920 1,087 0.0%
1930 3,092 184.5%
1940 1,946 −37.1%
1950 4,638 138.3%
1960 5,269 13.6%
1970 5,961 13.1%
1980 6,977 17.0%
1990 7,159 2.6%
2000 7,909 10.5%
2010 7,829 −1.0%
Est. 2012 7,923 [7] 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 estimate

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[9] there were 7,909 people, 2,742 households, and 2,097 families residing in the county. The population density was 14 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,027 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 77.00% White, 0.86% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.21% Black or African American, 19.46% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.67% of the population.

There were 2,742 households out of which 43.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.40% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.50% were non-families. 21.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the county the population was spread out with 32.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 20.20% from 45 to 64, and 9.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,854, and the median income for a family was $44,914. Males had a median income of $34,464 versus $22,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,072. About 6.50% of families and 10.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.60% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2010 census):

Unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Grant County is divided into three townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Lincoln 40725 Ulysses 7,058 19 (49) 372 (144) 0 (0) 0.10% 37°34′26″N 101°20′30″W / 37.57389°N 101.34167°W / 37.57389; -101.34167
Sherman 64975 498 1 (2) 559 (216) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°39′23″N 101°17′59″W / 37.65639°N 101.29972°W / 37.65639; -101.29972
Sullivan 68875 353 1 (2) 558 (215) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°28′12″N 101°18′11″W / 37.47000°N 101.30306°W / 37.47000; -101.30306
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Grant County (map legend)

Unified school districts[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d Ulysses 1885-1909 From Boom to Bust; compiled by The Historic Adobe Museum Staff of Ulysses, Kansas; 2009.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bessire, Fern (1982). Grant County, Kansas. Grant County History Commission. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  8. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Additional information
Maps