Grantham

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Grantham, Lincolnshire)
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Grantham (disambiguation).
Grantham
Grantham Town.jpg
Grantham as seen from the nearby hills and hollows.
Coat of Arms of Grantham
Coat of arms of the former Grantham Borough Council
Grantham is located in Lincolnshire
Grantham
Grantham
 Grantham shown within Lincolnshire
Population 41,998 (2011)
OS grid reference SK9136
   – London 100 mi (160 km)  S
Civil parish Grantham
District South Kesteven
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GRANTHAM
Postcode district NG31
Dialling code 01476
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Grantham and Stamford
Website South West Lincs
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 52°55′05″N 0°38′17″W / 52.918°N 0.638°W / 52.918; -0.638

Grantham (pronounced /ˈɡrænθəm/) is a market town within the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. It bestrides the London to Edinburgh East Coast Main Line railway and the River Witham, and lies close to the A1 main north-south road.

Grantham is about 26 miles (42 km) south of the city and county town of Lincoln, and about 24 miles (39 km) east of the city of Nottingham. The resident population at the 2001 Census was 34,592[1] in about 18,000 households, excluding the adjacent village of Great Gonerby.

The town is best known as the birthplace of former prime minister Margaret Thatcher, and the place where Isaac Newton went to school, at The King's School. It is close to an ancient Roman road, and was the scene of Oliver Cromwell's first advantage over Royalists during the English Civil War at Gonerby Moor.[2] Grantham is also notable for having the first female police officers in the United Kingdom, notably Edith Smith in 1914, and producing the first running diesel engine in 1892, and the UK's first tractor in 1896.

History[edit]

Origin[edit]

The origin of "Grantham" is uncertain, although the name is said probably to be Old English "Granta+ham", meaning "Granta's homestead". It appeared as early as 1086 in the Domesday Book in its present form of Grantham,[3] but was also recorded variously as Grandham, Granham and Graham. The place name element grand could possibly mean "gravel".

The name of the town is the origin of the Scottish surname, now often used as a given name, Graham.[4]

Prehistory[edit]

Late neolithic vessels from a burial were found at Little Gonerby, in the north of the town, in 1875.[5] A number of flint blades have been found, including from near Welham Street to the south-east of the town centre and from near Barrowby where a macehead has also been found. At Little Gonerby a neolithic settlement site was discovered with finds of pottery and flints.

There have been a number of finds of flint and stone tools including palaeolithic hand-axes, from the Cherry Orchard Estate, to the west of the town centre, and from near North Lodge on the hill top south of Barrowby. Mesolithic flints have also been recovered from the Cherry Orchard Estate as well as from sites to the west of Great Gonerby

To the north-east of the town centre a Bronze Age bucket and urn cemetery, with cremation burials and ploughed-out barrows, has been recorded. Bronze Age flint scatters have also been found in several places, particularly on the higher ground near Barrowby. At Saltersford a Bronze Age ingot and a rapier were found. There are also several ring ditches on the higher ground above Saltersford.[6]

According to the Chronicles of Raphael Holinshed, Gorbonianus, a legendary King of the Britons built Grantham between 292 and 282 BC.[7]

Watercolour and graphite 1797 painting of Grantham Church by J. M. W. Turner, now housed at the Yale Center for British Art

Middle ages[edit]

The Domesday account notes Queen Edith having 12 carucates to the geld, with no arable land outside the village. She had a hall, and two carucates and land for threeploughs without geld, and 111 burgesses. Ivo had one church and four mills rendering 12s and eight acres of meadow without geld. The lands of Bishop Osmond were described as "In Londonthorpe ... is land for two ploughs. This land belongs to the church of Grantham. In Spittlegate St. Wulfram of Grantham has half a carucate of land to the geld. In Great Gonerby, St. Wulfram of Grantham has 1 carucate of land. There is land for twelve oxen."[8]

In 1363 "The Castles, Manors and towns of Stamford and Grantham" were granted to Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York, and fifth son of Edward III of England. The question has been raised as to whether Grantham House was the site of a castle, however, no such site has been reliably identified. The street name "Castlegate" cannot be traced father back than the 17th century.[9] There are references to a Hospital in Grantham as early as the 1330s.

Grantham received its Charter of Incorporation in 1463.[10]

19th and 20th century[edit]

The town developed when the railway came to the town. The Nottingham Line (LNER) arrived first in 1850, then the London line (GNR) - the Towns Line from Peterborough to Retford - arrived in 1852. The Boston, Sleaford and Midland Counties Railway arrived in 1857.[11][12][13][14]

The town received gas lighting in 1833. The corporation became a borough council in 1835. Little Gonerby and Spittlegate were added to the borough in 1879. The town had been in the wapentake of Loveden, and the town included three townships of Manthorpe with Little Gonerby, Harrowby, and Spittlegate with Houghton and Walton.[14][15][16] Thomas James Smith, the founder of Smith & Nephew, trained as a pharmacist in Grantham.

Grantham Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1894. The club continued until the onset of the Second World War.[17]

Until the 1970s the housing estates west of the town centre were green fields. Green Hill, on the A52, was literally a green hill.[14][16] In July 1975 the National Association of Ratepayers' Action Groups (NARAG) was formed in Grantham by John Wilks, its Chairman, being a forerunner of the TaxPayers' Alliance.

Military history[edit]

Army barracks, next to the A52, west of the town

Dambusters[edit]

During the Dambuster Raids Royal Air Force missions in May 1943, the RAF Bomber Command's No. 5 Group and the operation HQ was in St Vincents,[18] a building which was later owned by Aveling-Barford and housed a district council planning department. It was built by Richard Hornsby in 1865, lived in by Richard Hornsby's son, and is now a private house. In 1944 (including D-Day), this was the headquarters for the USAAF's Ninth Air Force's IX Troop Carrier Command, being known as Grantham Lodge.[19] During the early part of the war Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet lived in the town.[citation needed]

RAF Spitalgate[edit]

RAF Spitalgate trained pilots during both world wars, initially as a Royal Flying Corps establishment. It was the first military airfield in Lincolnshire. It has never been an operational fighter or bomber base; although it did see operational service during the 1943 invasion of Europe as a base for American and Polish gliders and parachutists. It officially closed in 1974. The WRAF had been there from 1960 until closure.[20]

After closure RAF Spitalgate became the Territorial Army Royal Logistic Corps Prince William of Gloucester Barracks, named after Prince William of Gloucester.[20][21] Grantham College used the site's two football pitches for their South Lincolnshire Football Development Centre (from September 2004).[22] After closure in 1975 a Vehicle test centre was built on the outfield, which closed in 2011.[23][24] The large mast on the base was part of the BT microwave network.[25]

The Queen's Royal Lancers (part of the Royal Armoured Corps) have their RHQ on the base.

RAF Regiment[edit]

The RAF Regiment was formed just north-east of the town in parts of Londonthorpe and Harrowby Without during December 1941 with its headquarters at RAF Alma Park which is recognised as the birthplace of the Corps.[26] The Alma Park and Belton Park estates had jointly been the training centre for the Machine Gun Corps from November 1915.[27] In total Harrowby Camp, as it was then known, housed 18,000 men during the First World War.[citation needed]

The RAF Regiment grew to in excess of 66,000 personnel, and during training were housed at RAF Belton Park, which was the Regiment's first depot, RAF Folkingham and RAF North Witham.[clarification needed] The RAF Regiment stayed until August 1946, when it left for RAF Catterick.[citation needed]

Women's police force[edit]

Grantham is notable as being the first place in the world after London to recruit and train women police officers. Grantham was the first provincial force to ask the newly formed Corps of Women's Police Volunteers to supply them with occasional policewomen, recognising them as particularly useful for dealing with women and juveniles. In December 1914 Miss Damer Dawson, the Chief of the Corps, came to Grantham to supervise the preliminary work of the women police. The officers stationed at Grantham were Miss Allen and Miss Harburn.[28] In 1915, Grantham magistrates swore in Mrs Edith Smith, making her the first proper policewoman in Britain with full powers of arrest.[29]

Industrial history[edit]

Richard Hornsby & Sons[edit]

In 1905 Richard Hornsby (1790–1864) & Sons of Grantham (founded 1815) invented a caterpillar track for a machine using Hornsby's oil engines; these engines were developed by Yorkshireman Herbert Akroyd Stuart, from which compression-ignition principle the diesel engine evolved, being manufactured in Grantham from 8 July 1892.[30] Although these engines were not wholly compression-ignition derived, later in 1892 a prototype high-pressure version was built at Hornsby's, developed by Thomas Henry Barton OBE - later to be the founder of Nottingham's Barton Transport, whereby ignition was achieved solely (100%) through compression; it ran continuously for six hours, being the first known diesel engine. In the town, Hornsby's built Elsham House (the grounds became Grantham College) and the Shirley Croft. Their site on Houghton Road was bought from Lord Dysart.[citation needed]

Hornsby oil engine at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life

In 1909 Hornsby's showed the British Army their invention, who were bemused, but took the idea no further than that, although they subsequently bought four caterpillar tractors in 1910 to tow artillery. A short time later, Hornsbys sold the patent for the caterpillar track in 1914 to The Holt Manufacturing Company of California, USA for $8,000, having only sold one caterpillar tractor commercially.[31] Hornsby's design was far ahead of anything else around at the time. Through ownership of the patent, this company became the successful Caterpillar Inc. Tractor Company. Benjamin Holt even claimed to be the real inventor. In December 1914 the British Army's Colonel Ernest Swinton saw one of Holt's caterpillar tractors towing a piece of artillery, and realised its potential as an attack vehicle. One year later the tank was born (using Hornsby's initial designs), being made in nearby Lincoln by William Foster. It first saw action at the Battle of Flers-Courcelette on 15 September 1916.[citation needed]

In 1918 Hornsby's amalgamated with Rustons and the company became Ruston & Hornsby. In the 1920s the company had their own orchestra in the town; the site was a diesel engine plant. During the Second World War, the company made tanks such as the Matilda at the Grantham factory. Ruston and Hornsby left in 1963 and most of the factory was taken over by a subsidiary, Alfred Wiseman Gears, who left in 1968.[citation needed]

Scale model of Hornsby 1910 steam caterpillar tractor

Barford's[edit]

Aveling & Porter of Rochester, Kent, merged with Barford & Perkins of Peterborough to become Aveling-Barford Ltd in 1934, largely due to financial help from Ruston & Hornsby, when both companies had entered into administration. The new company took a former site of Hornsbys, naming it the 'Invicta' works, from the motto on the coat of arms of Kent, and translates as 'unconquered'; all Aveling & Porter machinery was brought from Kent by rail.[citation needed]

During the 1970s it was the town's largest employer with around 2,000 employees.[32] It initially prospered, but with the sinking market for large dumper trucks and road rollers, it declined. Their agricultural division, Barfords of Belton, in 1947 developed the world's smallest tractor, the Barford Atom, weighing 177 lbs.[citation needed]

Now as Barford Construction Equipment, it makes dumpers for construction sites, being owned by Wordsworth Holdings PLC, owned in turn by the entrepreneur Duncan Wordsworth until it went into administration.[33][34] In March 2010 Wordsworth Holdings went into administration. A restructuring package resulted in ownership transferring to Bowdon Investment Group in May 2010, and is known as Invictas Engineering.[35]

A trailer company, Crane-Fruehauf, moved into part of the factory, from its former home at Dereham, when it went into receivership in early 2005.[36]

BMARC[edit]

British Manufacture and Research Company (British Marc Ltd or BMARC), on Springfield Road, made munitions, notably the Hispano cannon for the Spitfire and Hurricane from 1937 onwards. It was owned by the Swiss company Oerlikon from 1971 until 1988, becoming part of Astra Holdings plc. The company was bought by British Aerospace in 1992, who afterwards closed the site which has now been developed as a housing estate. The site's former offices are now business units for the Springfield Business Centre. Grantham's register office was moved there in 2007.[citation needed]

Former developments[edit]

In 1968 Reads of Liverpool built a canning factory on Springfield Road. It made cans for Melton Mowbray, becoming American Can, then Pechiney (French) in 1988, then as Impress (Dutch) it was closed in 2006, demolished in 2007 and is now a housing estate. Ransome & Marles Bearing had a ball bearing factory in the town until 1957, when production was moved to Newark.

Mowbray and Co Ltd, a brewery, was bought by JW Green of Luton. It was founded in September 1828 and became a public company in 1880. It closed in 1967.

Government[edit]

Grantham once lay within the ancient Winnibriggs and Threo wapentake in the Soke of Grantham in the Parts of Kesteven.[37]

Politically the town is part of the Grantham and Stamford constituency and is represented in Parliament by Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) Nicholas Boles who was elected in May 2010 after the resignation of Quentin Davies. Davies had been elected to the seat as a Conservative before crossing the floor to join the Labour Party; the constituency has a long history of electing Conservative members of Parliament, and Davies holding the seat for Labour was the subject of much local resentment.[citation needed]

Two of Grantham's MPs in recent years (Joe Godber and Douglas Hogg) have been Secretary of State for Agriculture.

The local authority - South Kesteven District Council - is currently Conservative controlled, with the current political makeup being 38 Conservative, 12 Independent, 7 Labour and 1 Liberal Democrat councillors.[38] Before SKDC in 1974, the local area was represented by Grantham Borough Council, based on St Peters Hill, and West Kesteven Rural District, based on Sandon Close; this became the planning department of SKDC. In November 1973 it was decided to make Grantham the headquarters of SKDC, first based in the former offices of Grantham Corporation.[citation needed]

The Grantham Charter Trustees have responsibility for the ceremonial functions remaining from the former Grantham Borough Council. These include civic ceremonies, annual commemorative events, hosting official visits and maintaining the town's regalia. The Charter Trustees consist of the Grantham District Councillors on South Kesteven District Council and two members of the Charter Trustees are elected annually to become the Mayor and Deputy Mayor of Grantham. The Charter Trustees hold meetings in the Guildhall, in the Mayor's Parlour. Currently, Grantham does not have a Town Council, the only town in South Kesteven without one. This unresolved situation has been a subject of local debate and controversy.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

The town boundary crosses the A1 to the west at the Dysart Road bridge. North of there it lies to the east of the A1. It crosses the B1174 at Gonerby Hill. All of the Manthorpe estate is a part of the town, but the (smaller) Manthorpe village and the church are part of Belton and Manthorpe civil parish. The boundary then follows Green Lane, bordering the civil parish of Harrowby. It passes to the west of Harrowby Hall and over Hall's Hill. It then crosses the A52 at the start of Somerby Hill, borders Little Ponton, and crosses the B1174 at the southern end of the Spittlegate Level Industrial Estate.

According to Super Output Area data from the ONS, the least socially deprived area in Lincolnshire is the ward of Stamford St John's; Grantham's least deprived ward (SKDC) is in the north-east of the town near the former Central School.[39]

Religion[edit]

The main local landmark is the parish church of St Wulfram's, which has the sixth highest spire (282.5 feet (86.1 m) high) among English churches. It is the second tallest church in Lincolnshire, after St James Church in Louth. It is also home to England's first public library, dating from 1598, when Francis Trigge, rector of Welbourn, gave £100 for a small chained library of books for the clergy and literate laity of Grantham. Two hundred and fifty of the original volumes remain and are kept in a small room above the South Porch. From October 1974 the church was permanently floodlit at night.

The Anglican church in the New Somerby district, dedicated to St Anne and seating about 350, was erected as a mission church in 1884 and built from iron. A mission church, dedicated to St Saviour and seating about 150, was built from brick in the Little Gonerby district in 1884. The Church of St John the Evangelist was built from stone in the Spittlegate district in 1840–41. It seated about 1,100.[40]

Today the Deanery of Grantham still includes the churches of St Anne and St John the Evangelist amongst its 18 churches.[41] The Bishop of Grantham is currently Tim Ellis; his official residence is in Long Bennington.[42]

St Mary's Catholic Church is located on North Parade.[43] Grantham Baptist Church is located on Wharf Road.[44] Grantham Christchurch LEP Church (United Reformed) is located on Finkin Street.[45] Harrowby Lane Methodist Church dates from the late 1920s.[46] Finkin Street Methodist Church was a Wesleyan Methodist chapel that was built in the 1840s and that was attended by Margaret Thatcher.

Plans to construct an Islamic cultural centre in the town in 2014 created some controversy, including protests from right-wing groups.[47]

Economy[edit]

The food-processing industry, with Grantham Hospital, is currently the largest Grantham employer.[48] Moy Park (formerly Padleys, now owned by MPP Holdings) is at Gonerby Hill Foot; GW Padley bought the site in 1977 from Wolsey, a former garment manufacturer, and the site is a poultry hatchery.[citation needed] Moy Park are owned by Marfrig of São Paulo, with Marfrig Europe based at Preston Deanery in Hackleton, Northamptonshire. Aviagen Turkeys also have a poultry hatchery at farther along the B1174 at Gonerby Moor.[49] In the same area is Sharmans Agricultural at College Farm.[50] Brake Bros Ltd have a depot near the Gonerby Moor service station, off the B1174.[51]

Fenland Foods (part of Northern Foods) on the Earlesfield Industrial Estate, was mothballed in September 2008 following loss of business with Marks and Spencer, their sole customer;.[52] Close to the new police station is Brewsters Brewing. On Ellesmere Business park is Väderstad-Verken UK,[53] its parent company based in Väderstad in Sweden[54] and Tecknit Europe (makers of electromagnetic shielding equipment), owned from 2006 by Parker Hannifin based in Cranford, New Jersey.[55][56][57]

At Easton, 7 miles (11.3 km) south from Grantham, are two large facilities. The first is Norbert Dentressangle who bought Christian Salvesen plc in November 2007 and have maintained the frozen storage and distribution operation which has been at the site since the late 1960s.[citation needed] The second is McCain Foods who purchased Potato and Allied Services (PAS) in 1991, who had run a potato processing factory on this site since the early 1970s; it has since been extended to include a dedicated Fries-To-Go[clarification needed] factory. There was a third large frozen vegetable processing factory owned and operated by Christian Salvesen; it was sold to Pinguin Foods in August 2007[58] who closed the facility in December 2008.[59]

The 46 acres of Spittlegate Level (B1174 - the former A1) south of the town, home of many local companies and the former Corus Service Centre, which was developed in 1973

Bell & Webster[60] is a nationally-known company, part of Eleco plc[61] based in Ware, that makes precast concrete. Stanborough Press, the UK division of the Adventist Book Centre, is based nearby.[62] Vale Garden Houses make conservatories on Londonthorpe Road.[63] On the Withambrook Park Ind Estate, at the southern end of Belton Park, are Stanhay Webb (formerly owned by Wordsworth Holdings, and now independent) who make seed drills.[64] Nearby RC Setchfield supply agricultural equipment[65] and there is the headquarters of Chandlers Oil & Gas.[66] Holscot Group make fluoroplastics, and Farm Electronics[67] make drying equipment for grain stores, and for storing potatoes and onions on farms. Rapstrap, founded in Grantham in 2002, moved to Hertfordshire after being sued for patent infringement.[citation needed] Amberjac Projects is the only European company that provides plug-in conversion for conventional hybrid vehicles.[68][69] Oldershaw Brewery is at Harrowby Hall[70] Today Interiors make wallcoverings on Orchard Park,[71] and supply the John Lewis Partnership.

Escritt Barrell Golding[72] a local Chartered Surveyors and Estate Agents still operate in Grantham, having been founded in 1860. Jourdan plc[73] (former Thomas Jourdan) is based in the town which from 1973 until 2009 owned John Corby Ltd. (now owned by Huddersfield-based Fired-Up Group),[74] the maker of the Corby Trouser Press. Belvoir Lettings is a national estate agent based in the town on London Road.[75][76] The Wood Panel Industries Federation is based in the Market Place.

BGB Innovation, originally a supplier of specialised submarine lighting, now diversified into other advanced specialist areas like sliprings and telemetry, is based on Dysart Road[77] next to the A1 bridge; off Trent Road opposite the leisure centre is Grantham Book Services (GBS).[78] GBS has been based in Grantham since May 1975, when known as Chatto, Bodley Head & Cape Services. Chatto & Windus had merged with Jonathan Cape in 1969. The former site was officially opened on 23 September 1975 by Michael Foot MP.[citation needed] Random House was formed in 1987 from a combination of book companies, and in 1990 the site became known as Grantham Book Services.[citation needed] It now supplies for Barrington Stoke, Osprey Group, Nosy Crow, Portfolio Books, Marco Polo Travel Publishing, Perseus Books, Quiller Publishing, and Publishers Group.[citation needed] The company won an award in 1992 from the British Book Awards.[79] Next door to GBS and a Gala Bingo is Cathodic Protection,[80] who with BGB Innovation both won The Queen's Award for Enterprise: International Trade (Export) in 2009.

Grantham Engineering is on Harlaxton Road.[81] The town has one of only three branches of the Melton Mowbray Building Society. Lenco International is located on the site of a former cinema in George Street. They are specialists in the design of signage.[82] Genie UK (owned by Terex, and supply aerial work platforms) is based at The Maltings on the corner of Wharf Road and Westgate, in the former local offices of Natural England. William Hare Painting of Grantham painted the steelwork on the Olympic Stadium. Another large employer in the town is Totemic, a global financial services company who advise on debt management plans. They employ over 1000 staff and have offices in Kempton House (off Dysart Road), and nearby Springfield Business Park and Long Bennington Business park.[83]

Hotels[edit]

The conference and hospitality industry are well represented in the Grantham area, with the Olde Barn Hotel in Marston, the De Vere Belton Woods Hotel, the Ramada hotel (former Marriott) and various golf clubs. Stoke Rochford Hall won the Les Routiers Wedding Venue of the Year in 2011.[84] The Griffin Inn at Irnham won the 2012 Les Routiers B&B of the Year Award.[85][86]

Business meetings are held at the Ramada hotel on Swingbridge Road (near the A1/A607 junction),[87] the Olde Barn at Marston,[88][89] and also at the EM Learning Centre on Londonthorpe Road.[90]

Angel and Royal[edit]

The sign of the Angel and Royal

The Angel and Royal, situated on the High Street, is widely regarded as "the oldest surviving English Inn". The main building façade as it appears today was built about 600 years ago, but the site had already been an inn for 200 years. It was originally built as a hostel for the Knights Templar. King John is reputed to have visited with his Royal Court in 1213. The inn was extended in the mid-14th century and again in the 15th century.

A visit by Richard III was the origin of the gold emblem angel holding the King's crown over the original archway. In 1483 Richard held court and it was from the "Chambre de' Roi", that he dispatched a letter bidding for the Great Seal to proclaim the treachery of his cousin, the Duke of Buckingham, leading to the signature of Buckingham's death warrant. Copies of the letter, the original of which is kept by the British Museum, are displayed adjacent to the Richard III lounge and the King's Room Restaurant.

King Charles I made use of the King's Room during his visit in 1633 and Oliver Cromwell also stayed at the Angel after his successful battle near Grantham in 1643. The cellars and foundations of the inn are reputed to date from the 9th century, and are rumoured to be linked by tunnels to both St Wulframs Church and the Town's Market Square. In 1707 the then landlord Michael Solomon died, but left a legacy of 40 shillings a year to pay for the preaching of a sermon, against the evils of drunkenness, for every Mayor.

The prime position of the inn on the Great North Road led to its long history as a coaching inn, which accounts for its characteristic layout, with long courtyard, old stables and entrances to front and rear. In 1800 six inns were listed in Grantham together with 21 alehouses. The Angel's great prosperity declined markedly with the coming of the railways.

By the middle of the 1800s the Angel had also enjoyed the patronage of King George IV. In 1866 the then Prince of Wales visited Grantham, directly leading to the second part of the inn's name. In the early 1920s the word Inn was dropped and the building became a hotel.

After the Second World War, the hotel was purchased by Trust House Hotels, later to become Trust House Forte. It remained with Trust House until a few years ago. Since when there has been a succession of owners, including several brewery companies. In May 2002, the Angel and Royal was purchased by a local consortium of business professionals. [91][92]

Closures[edit]

Brook Street and Hill Avenue sub post offices were closed in Grantham in 2008 as part of the Post Office Network Change programme. In August 2010 it was confirmed that the Grantham branch of Marks and Spencer would close, with two other Lincolnshire branches in Skegness and Scunthorpe, because of low sales. The closure had been met with protests from the local community.[93] Discount department store chain Boyes took over the property in 2012.[94] Haldanes, a chain of around 20 supermarkets, based as far north as Scotland and based on Ruston Road, went into administration.[citation needed] The former HMRC office at Crown House on Castlegate closed in early 2010, relocating to two sites in Lincoln.[95]

Culture and community[edit]

Traditions[edit]

The Grantham Parade and the Grantham Festival take place every year. There was an annual pig drive through the centre of the town until 1962, when it was deemed[by whom?] too dangerous; this tradition dated back to 1755, when pig farmers from the area moved pigs to greener pastures.[citation needed] Previously, the annual Kesteven Schools' Speech and Drama Festival was held in the town.[citation needed]

The Grantham Festival of Music began in 1963.

Nature[edit]

Saltersford Marsh

Grantham and its surrounding area is home to the peregrine falcons, which roost in the bell tower of St Wulframs Church, and the "Grantham Gobbler", a heron. Both of these birds are voracious predators, which has upset pigeon fanciers and fish lovers.[according to whom?]

Grantham is surrounded by rolling countryside and woodland, such as nearby Ponton Park Wood, which has walks and views of woods and farmland.[citation needed] To the north east of the town there are the attractive gardens and the magnificent deer park of the National Trust's Belton House. Adjacent to these are Londonthorpe and Alma Park Woods, both owned by the Woodland Trust. The former comprises young woodland and open areas of wild flowers, whilst Alma Park has some mature woodland on its steep limestone scarp and offers views over the town and the surrounding area.

To the south of the town, between Little Ponton and Saltersford, the River Witham flows through marshes and water meadows. These support a variety of plant species including vetches, cowslip, Primula veris, Lady's bedstraw {Galium verum}, and orchids, including the Southern Marsh Orchid, and wildlife, including herons, ducks, geese, water vole, and the now critically endangered white clawed crayfish. This area has notable populations of dragonflies, especially Aeshna grandis, Anax imperator, Libellula quadrimaculata and Calopteryx splendens, that are also found on Grantham Canal, which runs through The Vale of Belvoir to the west of the town. Wildlife can also be found in the town's Wyndham and Dysart Parks.[citation needed]

The Woodland Trust is based on Dysart Road and has been in Grantham since 1978; its new £6 million building,[96] on the opposite side of the road, opened in November 2010. The building, designed by Atelier One and Max Fordham, has won several architectural awards.[97] Natural England had one of their two Lincolnshire offices on Wharf Road until early 2009, previously known as English Nature before 2006.[citation needed]

Amenities for children[edit]

Wyndham Park has two children's play areas. There is an open air paddling pool, football pitch, skateboard park and cafe. Dysart Park has a paddling pool and safe play area for children under six, a green for football and a bandstand. Indoor amenities for children include a swimming pool at the Meres Leisure Centre. The public library is located in the Sir Isaac Newton Centre, which includes Grantham Museum and the Guildhall Theatre.[98] There is also a Fun Farm on Dysart Road.[citation needed]

Organisations for young people include Army cadets (both QRL Queen's Royal Lancers and RLC) Brownies, Guides and Air Cadets.[citation needed]

Belton House is a popular National Trust site with events for children, a play area, train rides, picnic area and woodland walk.[99]

Grantham Radio Station, owned by NATS (En Route) Limited, for radio navigation for aircraft, and is situated in the north of Waltham near the Sproxton parish boundary

Radio[edit]

There is a small FM radio transmitter near the town's bypass on Gorse Lane from which BBC Lincolnshire and Lincs FM broadcast. Most television programmes are broadcast from Waltham, between Grantham and Melton, due to the line of sight to Belmont being blocked by hills to the east of the town.[citation needed]

Grantham also has a full-time community radio station, Gravity FM, which broadcasts from its own transmitter, at The Maltings on Springfield Road, and also online. Following redevelopment, the station has its own studios, on Riverside Walk, at the western side of Grantham College. The station is operated by volunteers from the local area.[100]

Grantham Gingerbread biscuits[edit]

The town is known for Gingerbread biscuits which were first made in 1740 by William Eggleston. Eggleston, a baker by trade, was a producer of a biscuit called Grantham Whetstones. Whetsones were a rusk like dry biscuit enjoyed locally and also by coach drivers who used to stop in Grantham to change their horses whilst travelling on the Great North road. According to folklore, Egglestone, whilst baking whetsones' in his dimly lit kitchen one orning, mistook one ingredient for another, resulting in a ginger like biscuit to emerge from the oven. The mistake was a huge success and the biscuit became established as Grantham Gingerbread.

Grantham Gingerbread is known as a white gingerbread because it is not made with molasses or black treacle. Because of this is it has a delicate gingery flavour, rich in butter with a domed shaped top that has a crackled surface. The centre of a Grantham Gingerbread biscuit is hollow and resembles a honeycombe appearance.

The Grantham Journal[edit]

Grantham's local newspaper, The Grantham Journal, first went on sale in 1854 under the name The Grantham Journal of Useful, Instructive and Entertaining Knowledge and Monthly Advertiser, which was shortened to its current name a few years later.[citation needed] It was founded by Henry Escritt, a Yorkshire man by birth who moved to the area in 1861. The 'Journal' is owned by Johnston Press, and has a sister newspaper in Melton Mowbray, the Melton Times. In the 1960s and earlier it produced the Melton Journal and Rutland Journal, both versions of the main paper. It today produces a separate Bingham edition.[citation needed]

David Wood CBE (1914–90), former political editor of The Times (working under Sir William Haley), started out at the Grantham Journal.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Class 91 Electric train at the station in May 2004, looking south
Bridge 66 on the Grantham Canal at Harlaxton
Spittlegate Millhouse, Grantham

Grantham railway station is served by the London-Edinburgh East Coast Main Line (between the stops for Peterborough and Newark Northgate), and the Nottingham to Skegness Line (Poacher Line). Liverpool-Norwich trains also call at Grantham. Electric trains began running in October 1988. Transport links to Nottingham and Peterborough attract people to live in Grantham yet work in a larger city.[citation needed] The town's grammar schools also attract pupils from Radcliffe on Trent, Bingham, Newark and even Retford via the train.[citation needed] Grantham is the best-served station in Lincolnshire,[citation needed] although after October 1970, most of Lincolnshire's railways were closed. Prior to October 1970 the connection from King's Cross to Lincoln Central was through Grantham and followed the A607 via Leadenham. After this date London-Lincoln trains still passed through Grantham, but then continued up the ECML to Newark Northgate where the trains branched off to Lincoln St. Marks Railway Station via a new curve just north of Newark.

In 1906 a rail accident killed 14 people.[citation needed]

On 3 July 1938 Mallard broke the world speed record for steam locomotives, at 125.88 mph (202.58 km/h), on the slight downward grade of Stoke Bank south of Grantham on the East Coast Main Line.

Road[edit]

The Great North Road was routed through the town in 1196. The turnpike to the north reached the town in 1725, that to Stamford in 1739, to Nottingham in 1758, and that to Melton in 1780.

The A1 main road from London to Edinburgh runs past the town, which was bypassed in 1962. High Street, until recently,[when?] was part of the A52, which runs to Nottingham. Wharf Road and London Road junction is still a busy junction on the A607 for Lincoln. Motorway-style Grantham North Services, at the north end of Grantham bypass, is on a new junction which replaced a roundabout in May 2008.[101] East to west traffic on the A52 causes Grantham the most problems, not least to two of its frequently-hit railway bridges.[citation needed] The east-west bypass will cross Spittlegate Level and join the A52 next to the former RAF Spitalgate.[citation needed]

Grantham, with Stamford, had been earmarked for a bypass before the war in 1939. There were 60 serious accidents a year, with three to four deaths. After the war, on 21 November 1945, there was a meeting at the Guildhall about the proposed bypass of the London-Edinburgh-Thurso trunk road for Grantham and Great Gonerby. This was the first enquiry into a trunk road scheme in the country after the war. The proposed route followed the current line, from Little Ponton to College Farm, except it was to be a single carriageway road.[citation needed]

On 8 February 1960, it was announced that bypass would be built, including the route south to the B6403 at Colsterworth. Robert McGregor and Sons Ltd of Manchester would build the road for £1,856,009 (who then built the Newark Bypass in 1964). The bridges were built by Simon Carves of Cheadle Hulme. It was formally opened on 10 October 1962 by James Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 3rd Earl of Ancaster, then the Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire (from 1950–75).[102] He was married to the (only) daughter of Nancy Astor.

With the A52 still passing through the town centre, Grantham is still in need of an East-West bypass to relieve the heavy traffic congestion. Various attempts at one-way systems have been introduced, but traffic delays are still commonplace. Low railway bridges also add to traffic difficulties with lorries often becoming stuck.[citation needed]

Waterways[edit]

Grantham was once linked to Nottingham by the Grantham Canal. Currently the canal is in a state of disrepair, but some sections are undergoing restoration.[citation needed] It is possible to walk and cycle along the canal starting from Grantham near the A1/A607 intersection (opposite The Farrier).

The River Witham runs through Grantham. It has a riverside walk linking Dysart Park and Wyndham Park, on which is a view of Spittlegate Millhouse. The walk passes an allotment and the rear of Sainsbury's car park, access to which is by a pedestrian bridge at the end of College Street. There are other foot bridges with views of the river and its weirs. Swans, ducks and trout are among the wildlife that can be seen along the river.

Education[edit]

Grantham College, a further education college for the district, opened in 1948, for those not attending school sixth forms. It has a satellite site at Sleaford, Sleaford College.[citation needed] Since September 2008 the Walton Girls High School on Kitty Briggs Lane near Harlaxton Road has run post-16 courses as Grantham's only sixth form college.[citation needed]

Mannequin of Isaac Newton at Grantham Museum

Two notable schools in the district are Kesteven and Grantham Girls' School and The King's Grammar School. Both have large sixth forms and eminent past students. Britain's first female Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, attended Kesteven and Grantham, and Isaac Newton famously attended The King's. Both schools achieve high examination results and hold high places in the county's league tables.[citation needed] Both have remained single-sex up to the age of 16.

In 1970, Kesteven County Council (based in Sleaford) announced plans to turn the grammar schools into co-educational comprehensives for ages of 11–16 and leave Grantham College the only sixth form for the town. Later it was proposed to create two sixth-form colleges from one of the grammar schools. Other parts of Kesteven became comprehensive but responsibility for education passed to Lincolnshire under the local government reorganization of 1974, and both schools stayed as grammar schools.[citation needed] Ex-pupil Margaret Thatcher was education secretary at the time. The governors of the King's School delayed the process in July 1973, and in January 1975 a plan to make Grantham comprehensive was voted against by the county council, having been approved by the council's own education committee.[citation needed]

On 1 August 2011 The King's School ended its long relationship with the local elected authorities and the town of Grantham, by converting to a Selective Academy. The school remains a selective boys school and has kept its name and logo.[103]

All four secondary modern schools are on the outskirts of Grantham. Only three of the six secondary schools are co-educational. In recent years,[when?] in the Grantham area of South Kesteven, around 60% of those at 16 years of age achieved five GCSEs at grades A*-C. The King's School Grantham and KGGS both top the county league tables, with over 99% achieving 5 GCSEs at grades A*-C.[citation needed] This compares to 45% for those in Melton and under 30% for those in Newark.[citation needed]

The Priory Ruskin Academy (formerly Central Technology & Sports College) is a co-educational school sited near Manthorpe.

On Gorse Lane is Grantham Preparatory School, an independent school preparing entrants for the 11-plus examination.[citation needed] Another private primary school is Dudley House School.[104] Near to St Wulfram's on Castlegate is the National Church of England Junior School,[105] built in 1859, and a feeder school for the town's grammar schools.[citation needed]

The Blessed Hugh More School, a Catholic secondary school, closed in 1989.[106]

Landmarks[edit]

The living pub sign of The Beehive, at 10 Castlegate
The 1869 Victorian Gothic Guildhall on St Peters Hill designed by William Watkin
The Red House on North Parade (former Oddfellows Arms)

Grantham House is to the east of the church, and a National Trust property.

Grantham has the country's only 'living' public house sign: a beehive of South African bees situated outside since 1830.

Grantham was the site of an Eleanor Cross, erected by Edward I at each of the resting places of the body of his queen, following her death at Harby, as it was carried to London for burial in 1290. No trace of the cross remains, but is thought to be near St Peters Hill.[citation needed]

Edith Smith Way is a road next to the Guildhall Arts Centre, on St Peter's Hill; it is named after England's first policewoman. Mary Allen and Ellen F. Harburn reported for duty on 27 November 1914.[107] Mary Allen was a former suffragette and had been previously arrested outside the House of Commons and later went on to be the commandant of the UK's women's police force from the 1920s up to 1940. She helped to set up women's police forces in other countries, including Germany. Edith Smith became the first female with powers of arrest in August 1915.[108]

The Angel & Royal Hotel is one of Britain's oldest inns, dating from about 1200.[109] King John held court there in 1213, when the site was a hostel run by the Knights Templar.[citation needed] Richard III signed and sealed the death warrant of the Duke of Buckingham at the inn.[citation needed] It is one of only three Knights Templar hostels in England - another was at Glastonbury.[citation needed]

Sandon Road is named after Viscount Sandon, also the Earl of Harrowby. The first person with the title was Dudley Ryder, 1st Earl of Harrowby; a road is also named after him. He purchased Harrowby Hall in 1754. The current incumbent is Dudley Ryder, 8th Earl of Harrowby.[citation needed]

The Blue Pig, one of many Blue pubs, is situated on Vine Street, near the Church of St Wulfram. The building is one of probably only four remaining Tudor buildings in the town and is a survivor of the disastrous fires of the 1660s.[citation needed] It was first mentioned as an inn in a trade directory of 1846, when the landlord was one Richard Summersby. The property was then owned by the Manners family (giving the derivation of Blue in the name).[citation needed]

The water tower on Gorse Lane is a local landmark for drivers

The nearby George Hotel (known as St Peter's Place, now the George Shopping Centre) was mentioned in Charles Dickens's novel Nicholas Nickleby. Much of the town's property and industrial estates have been owned by Buckminster Trust Estates since the time of the Earl of Dysart.[citation needed]

To the west of the town, near the A607, is Baird'smaltings, formerly owned by Moray Firth until 1999, and before that, R & W Paul. Other maltings in the town have been converted for residential use such as Riverview Maltings near the river and formerly owned by Lee & Grinling's.[citation needed]

The JobCentre, when it was opened on 24 June 1975 by Joe Godber, was the first of its kind; it was the first of around five hundred new-style offices, run by the Employment Service Agency, with soft chairs and carpets. Previous to 1975 these offices were referred to as Labour Exchanges.[citation needed]

Grantham and District Hospital is situated next to the Central School on the A607, at the north of the town. The maternity unit, which opened in August 1972, is now a midwife-staffed unit.[citation needed]

Nearby are many historic houses including 17th-century Belton House (the Brownlows), early 19th-century Harlaxton Manor (the Gregorys), Stoke Rochford Hall (owned by the Turnors, and since 1978 is now the training centre of the NUT), and the 11th-century Belvoir Castle (the Manners), in Leicestershire. Much of the property and land to the south-west of the area is owned by the two estates of Belvoir and Buckminster.[citation needed] Further to the south of Stoke Rochford are the Cholmeleys of Easton Hall.

Sport[edit]

Football[edit]

Grantham Town Football Club is the local football team, currently playing in the Evo-Stik Northern Premier League. The club was founded in 1874 and currently plays in the 7,500-capacity (covered 1,950, seats 750) South Kesteven Sports Stadium (although average attendances are well below capacity).[110] The ground also doubles as the town's athletics stadium (one of only three in Lincolnshire), next to the Grantham Meres Leisure Centre on Trent Road.[111]

The major claim to fame of Grantham Town (nicknamed 'The Gingerbreads') is that Martin O'Neill started his management path from there.[citation needed]

Kesteven RFC pitch in April 2006

Rugby[edit]

Kesteven Rugby Club plays at Woodnook, off the B6403.

Hockey[edit]

Grantham Hockey Club, which fields men's and women's team in league hockey, play at the Meres Leisure Centre, the astro-turf pitch situated directly behind the football stadium.[112] In 2011, the men ended a long spell in the Midlands League, moving to the East League, successfully earning promotion to Division 5 (North West) where they currently play. Their story is documented in 1,309 Days Later, the title a reference to a winless spell between 2006 and 2009.[113]

Bowls[edit]

Grantham bowls players have represented the indoor and outdoor clubs within county and national competitions. Indoor club players Martin Pulling, Dion Auckland, Ian Johnson, and current England U25 player Mathew Orrey, have played for the England squad.[114][115]

Table Tennis[edit]

In 1993 and 1994 international team matches were held in Grantham, at the South Kesteven Table Tennis Centre, which was opened in January 1992 by Johnny Leach. Grantham College have a Table Tennis Academy.[116]

Twinning[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Sir Isaac Newton by William Theed, 1858, bronze; St Peter's Hill, Grantham

Bibliography[edit]

  • The Royal Charters of Grantham 1463–1688 Edited by G.H. Martin - Limited to 400 copies and contains list of Charters and index.[127]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas". Office for National Statistics. 
  2. ^ Plant, David (2006). "1643: Civil War in Lincolnshire". British Civil Wars. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Mills, A.D. (1991). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [page needed]
  4. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006), A Dictionary of First Names, Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1 [page needed]; I. MacLeod, T. Freedman (eds.),Wordsworth Dictionary of First Names (1995), p.91
  5. ^ MAY Jeffrey (1976) Prehistoric Lincolnshire p. 84, History of Lincolnshire Committee
  6. ^ "4.0 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND/BASELINE" in GRANTHAM TOWNSCAPE ASSESSMENT at southkesteven.gov.uk
  7. ^ Holinshed, Raphael (1577). Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland. 
  8. ^ Domesday. 1086. p. Folio 357v. 
  9. ^ Start, D. and Stocker, D. (eds) (2011) The Making of Grantham, Sleaford: Heritage Trust of Lincolnshire, ISBN 978-0-948639-59-3
  10. ^ "Grantham in 1838". oldtowns.co.uk. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  11. ^ Leleux, Robin (1976). The East Midlands. A regional history of the railways of Great Britain 9. pp. 86–91. 
  12. ^ Boston, Sleaford and Midland Counties Railway (1365060). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
  13. ^ "Boston, Sleaford, and Midland Counties railway". A vision of Britain through time. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c "Historical maps:History of Grantham, in South Kesteven and Lincolnshire". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  15. ^ Former districts
  16. ^ a b "314 315 GRANTHAM TOWNSCAPE ASSESSMENT / APPENDICES APPENDIX A: HISTORIC MAPS OF THE STUDY AREA". heritage study and town plan. South Kesteen County Council. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  17. ^ “Grantham Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
  18. ^ Telegraph.co.uk, St Vincents
  19. ^ Raymond Harwood. "9th Troop Carrier Command". Publicenquiry.co.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  20. ^ a b Johnston, Philip Ralph. "RAF Spitalgate (formerly RAF Grantham)". Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  21. ^ "Spitalgate (Grantham) Airfield History". Bomber County. Bomber County Aviation Resource. 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  22. ^ Grantham college
  23. ^ "Chapter 6: Vehicle Inspectorate". National asset register. National records office. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  24. ^ "Grantham (33)". VOSA. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Backbone radio link and radio standby to line links for safeguarding vital communications.". British GPO paper. The National Archives (United Kingdom) CAB 134/1207. July 1956. 
  26. ^ Birthplace of the RAF Regiment
  27. ^ "Membership". Machineguncorps.co.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  28. ^ Grantham Journal, 19 December 1914
  29. ^ "Town remembers first policewoman". BBC news. 13 January 2006. Retrieved March 2011. 
  30. ^ "Richard Hornsby Vaporizing Oil Engine". Engines.rustyiron.com. 7 December 1910. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  31. ^ "Patent number: 916601"; United States Patent Office, 30 March 1909. Retrieved 11 July 2012
  32. ^ Aveling Barford Graces Guide
  33. ^ "Barford". Barforddumpers.com. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  34. ^ "Wordsworth Holdings plc". Whplc.co.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  35. ^ Invictas Engineering
  36. ^ "Fruehauf". Fruehauf. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  37. ^ Vision of Britain site: Retrieved 16 March 2012.
  38. ^ Skdc.com
  39. ^ Lincolnshire Research Observatory
  40. ^ "Grantham" at genuik0.org.uk
  41. ^ "The Deanery of Grantham". Diocese of Lincoln website. Diocese of Lincoln. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  42. ^ "Who's Who - The Area Bishops". Diocese of Lincoln website. Diocese of Lincoln. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  43. ^ "St Mary the Immaculate" at stmarysgrantham.org.uk
  44. ^ "Grantham Baptist Church" at granthambaptistchurch.co.uk
  45. ^ "ChristChurch LEP" at urc5.org.uk/
  46. ^ "History - Harrowby Lane" at harrowbylane.org.uk
  47. ^ http://www.itv.com/news/calendar/update/2014-02-21/picture-of-site-where-controversial-islamic-cultural-centre-could-be-built/
  48. ^ South Kesteven District Council
  49. ^ Aviagen Turkeys
  50. ^ Sharmans Agricultural
  51. ^ "Distribution & Logistics in Grantham". Grantham town pages. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  52. ^ Hart, Bob. "Updated: Fenland Foods workers to protest". Grantham Journal. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  53. ^ Vadestad Ltd
  54. ^ Vadetstad Ownership
  55. ^ "TE". KyteLabs InfoBase - Embedded Control and Analog Design. 1998. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  56. ^ "Parker Acquires Tecknit Division of Technical Wire Products, LLC and its Affiliates". thomasnet news. 16 October 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  57. ^ "Tecknit europe". Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  58. ^ "Christian Salvesen Easton factory sold". Grantham Journal. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  59. ^ "All news from the East Midlands". Thisisbusiness-eastmidlands.co.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  60. ^ Bellandwebster.co.uk
  61. ^ Eleco.com
  62. ^ Stanborough Press
  63. ^ Vale Garden Houses
  64. ^ Stanhay
  65. ^ RC Setchfield
  66. ^ Chandlers Oil
  67. ^ Farm Electronics
  68. ^ Amberjaprojects.com
  69. ^ Calcars.org
  70. ^ Oldershaw Brewery
  71. ^ Today Interiors
  72. ^ ebgproperty.co.uk
  73. ^ Jourdanplc.co.uk
  74. ^ Corbypress.com
  75. ^ Companies House; search for 07848163
  76. ^ "About Belvoir". Belvoir lettings. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  77. ^ BGB Innovation
  78. ^ Grantham Book Services - GBS
  79. ^ "1992". Company History. Grantham Book Services. "GBS was the first to be awarded the prestigious British Book Awards' "Distributor of the Year Award"." 
  80. ^ Cathodic Protection
  81. ^ Grantham Engineering
  82. ^ lenco.co.uk
  83. ^ "Totemic Ltd". Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  84. ^ "Les routiers award". Stoke Rochford Hall. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  85. ^ "Griffin Inn Irnham". Hotels, Restaurants and Pubs. Les Routiers. 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2013. "Award winner 2012" 
  86. ^ "Griffin". Good pubs guide. 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2013. "Winners of the prestigious Les Routiers best B&B 2012" 
  87. ^ "Ramada Hotel". Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  88. ^ "Conferences". The Old Barn hotel. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  89. ^ "The Olde Barn Hotel". Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  90. ^ EM Learning Centre
  91. ^ "History" at angelandroyal.co.uk
  92. ^ "History". Angel and Royal. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  93. ^ BBC New Lincolnshire 25 August 2010 "M&S confirms three store closures in Lincolnshire". Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  94. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Value goods store Boyes to move into former M&S store in Grantham". Retrieved 12 September 2013. 
  95. ^ Crown House
  96. ^ Woodland Trust new HQ November 2010
  97. ^ "Feilden Clegg Bradley - Woodlands Trust Headquarters, Grantham". Building Design Online. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  98. ^ Guildhall Theatre
  99. ^ Belton House information at the National Trust
  100. ^ Gravityfm.net
  101. ^ "Highways Agency - Gonerby Moor Progress Photos". Highways.gov.uk. 1 April 2008. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  102. ^ Concrete Quarterly 55, page 32
  103. ^ [1]
  104. ^ "Dudley House School" Ofsted. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
  105. ^ National School
  106. ^ Schools etc. site: Retrieved 19 May 2011.
  107. ^ "Mary Allen". Spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  108. ^ "UK | England | Lincolnshire | Town remembers first policewoman". BBC News. 13 January 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  109. ^ "Welcome to Ashdale Hotels". Angelandroyal.com. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  110. ^ "South Kesteven Sports Stadium". Runtrackdir.com. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  111. ^ "Meres Centre Tickets, Grantham". Ents24.com. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  112. ^ Grantham Hockey Club
  113. ^ 1,309 Days Later - Amazon.co.uk
  114. ^ "Junior Men's International Trial", English Indoor Bowling Association Ltd. Retrieved 26 November 2011
  115. ^ Grantham and District Indoor Bowling Club. Retrieved 26 November 2011
  116. ^ Table Tennis Academy
  117. ^ Sankt-augustin.de (German)
  118. ^ "Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences - University - Addresses and how to find us - Sankt Augustin by train". Fh-brs.de. 3 March 2009. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  119. ^ "Nurse 'only link to children's deaths'". The Guardian (Manchester). 16 February 1993. 
  120. ^ Jenkins, Lin (18 May 1993). "Shadows of death fell across Ward 4". The Times (London). 
  121. ^ Jenkins, Lin (18 May 1993). "Killings fed a craving for attention". The Times (London). 
  122. ^ [2] . Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  123. ^ Graham Fellows: corrie.net . Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  124. ^ "Walter Parker (1888–1936)". http://granthammatters.co.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2013. 
  125. ^ William Stukeley at Grantham. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  126. ^ William Stukeley: Grantham doctor. Retrieved 29 January 2011.
  127. ^ Detail taken from a copy of The Royal Charters of Grantham 1463–1688 published by Leicester University Press in 1963

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Video clips[edit]