Grantham (UK Parliament constituency)

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Grantham
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
County Lincolnshire
Major settlements Grantham
18851997
Number of members One
Replaced by Sleaford & North Hykeham, and Grantham & Stamford
1468–1885
Number of members Two
Type of constituency Borough constituency

Grantham was a Parliamentary constituency in Lincolnshire, England.

The constituency was created in 1468 as a parliamentary borough which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of England until the union with Scotland, and then to the Parliament of Great Britain until the Act of Union 1800 established the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The parliamentary borough was abolished in 1885, and the name transferred to a new county division which elected one MP. The county constituency was abolished for the 1997 election, and the area formerly covered by this constituency is now mostly in Sleaford and North Hykeham. Grantham became part of the new constituency of Grantham and Stamford.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency was based on Grantham, a market town on the River Witham.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1468–1640[edit]

Year First member Second member
1491 John Mordaunt
1510–1523 No names known [1]
1529 William Hussey Francis Hall [1]
1536  ?
1539  ?
1542  ?
1545 Sir Edward Warner Edmund Hall [1]
1547 Sir Edward Warner Edmund Hall [1]
1553 (Mar) Sir Edward Warner Thomas Hussey [1]
1553 (Oct) Sir Edward Warner James Wallis [1]
1554 (Apr) Thomas Hussey Richard Disney [1]
1554 (Nov) Roger Johnson Richard Sharpe [1]
1555 George Williams William Porter [1]
1558 Henry Savile Anthony Thorold [1]
1559 (Jan) Thomas Randolph William More[2]
1562/3 Roger Manners William Cooke [2]
1571 William Killigrew Arthur Hall [2]
1572 John Vaughan Arthur Hall [2][3]
1584 (Nov) Arthur Hall William Thorold [2]
1586 (Oct) Sir Henry Bagenall,sat for Anglesey,
repl. by
William Ashby
Robert Markham [2]
1588/9 Richard More William Armyn [2]
1593 Thomas Horsman Francis Neale [2]
1597 (Oct) Thomas Horsman Francis Neale [2]
1601 (Oct) Oliver Manners Thomas Horsman [2]
1604 Sir George Manners Sir Thomas Horsman
1614 Sir George Reynell Richard Tufton
1621 Sir William Armyne Sir Clement Cotterell
1624 Sir George Manners Sir Clement Cotterell
1625 Sir George Manners Sir William Airmine
1626 John Wingfield Edward Stirmin
1628–1629 Thomas Hatcher Alexander Moor

MPs 1640–1885[edit]

Election First Member[4] First Party Second Member[4] Second Party
April 1640 Sir Edward Bashe Henry Pelham
November 1640 Thomas Hussey Royalist Henry Pelham Parliamentarian
1641 Sir William Airmine Parliamentarian
December 1648 Pelham excluded in Pride's Purge – seat vacant
1653 Grantham was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 William Bury Grantham had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 William Ellys
January 1659 Thomas Skipwith Sir William Ellys
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Thomas Skipwith Sir John Newton
1661 Sir William Thorold
1678 Sir Robert Markham
1679 Sir William Ellys
1685 Thomas Harrington John Thorold
1689 Sir John Brownlow Sir William Ellys
1697 Sir John Thorold
Jan. 1701 Thomas Baptist Manners
Nov. 1701 Richard Ellys
1705 Marquess of Granby
1711 Sir John Thorold
1713 Sir John Brownlow
1715 Edward Rolt John Heathcote
1722 Francis Fisher The Viscount Tyrconnel
1727 Sir Michael Newton
1741 Marquess of Granby
1743 Sir John Cust
1754 Lord George Manners
1770 Francis Cust
1774 Sir Brownlow Cust
1776 Peregrine Cust
1780 Francis Cockayne-Cust George Manners-Sutton
1792 Philip Yorke
1793 Simon Yorke
1802 Thomas Thoroton Sir William Earle Welby, Bt
1806 Russell Manners
1807 Sir William Earle Welby, Bt
1812 Robert Percy Smith
1818 Edward Cust
March 1820 James Hughes
July 1820 Sir Montague Cholmeley, 1st Bt
1826 Frederick James Tollemache Tory Montague Cholmeley
1830 Glynne Earle Welby Tory/Conservative
1831 James Hughes
1832 Hon. Algernon Gray Tollemache Conservative
1837 Hon. Frederick James Tollemache Conservative
1852 Lord Montagu William Graham Conservative
1857 William Earle Welby Conservative Hon. Frederick James Tollemache Liberal
1865 John Thorold Conservative
1868 by-election Edmund Turnor Conservative
1868 Sir Hugh Cholmeley, Bt Liberal Hon. Frederick James Tollemache Liberal
1874 Henry Cockayne-Cust Conservative
1880 John William Mellor Liberal Charles Savile Roundell Liberal
1885 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1997[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
1885 John William Mellor Liberal
1886 William Malcolm Low Conservative
1892 Henry Yarde Buller Lopes Conservative
1900 Arthur Priestley Liberal
1918 Edmund Royds Coalition Conservative
1922 Robert Pattinson Liberal
1923 Victor Warrender Conservative
1942 by-election Denis Kendall Independent
1950 Eric Smith Conservative
1951 Joseph Godber Conservative
1979 Douglas Hogg Conservative
1997 constituency abolished: see Grantham and Stamford

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Grantham[5]

Electorate 35,462

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 9,972 48.4
Liberal Robert Pattinson 8,701 42.2
Independent Labour William Bilton Harris 1,927 n/a
Majority 1,271 6.2
Turnout 58.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Grantham[6]

Electorate 35,655

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Pattinson 11,723 41.4 -0.8
Unionist Edmund Royds 11,295 39.8 -
Labour John Henry Jones 5,332 18.8 +
Majority 428 1.6
Turnout 79.5 +21.4
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1923: Grantham[7]

Electorate 36,444

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 12,552 43.5 +3.7
Liberal Robert Pattinson 10,819 37.6 -3.8
Labour Montague William Moore 5,440 18.9
Majority 1,733 5.9
Turnout 79.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1924: Grantham[8]

Electorate 37,021

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 14,746 49.5
Liberal Alexander Lyle-Samuel 7,730 26.0
Labour Montague William Moore 7,279 24.5 +5.6
Majority 7,016 23.5 17.6
Turnout 80.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Grantham[9]

Electorate 48,216

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 16,121 40.8
Liberal R Hamilton Brown 12,023 30.4
Labour Montague William Moore 11,340 28.7
Majority 4,098 10.3
Turnout 81.9
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Grantham[10]

Electorate 49,432

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 27,164 69.2
Labour Montague William Moore 12,115 30.8
Majority 15,049 38.3
Turnout 39,279 79.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Grantham[11]

Electorate 51,494

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rt Hon. Sir Victor Alexander George Anthony Warrender 22,194 58.1
Labour Montague William Moore 16,009 41.9
Majority 6,185 16.2
Turnout 38,203 74.2
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Grantham by-election, 1942[13]

Electorate 54,317

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William Denis Kendall 11,758 50.8 n/a
Conservative Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Murray Longmore 11,391 49.2 −8.9
Majority 367 1.6
Turnout 42.6
Independent gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1945[14]

Electorate 62,783

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William Denis Kendall 27,719 58.2 +7.4
Conservative George Arthur Worth 12,206 25.6 −23.6
Labour Thomas Sansby Bavin 7,728 16.2 n/a
Majority 15,513 32.6
Turnout 75.9
Independent hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Grantham[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Douglas Hogg 37,194 56.2 −0.9
Labour Co-op S Taggart 17,606 26.6 +6.1
Liberal Democrat James P Heppell 9,882 14.9 −6.4
Liberal JD Hiley 1,500 2.3 −19.0
Majority 19,588 29.6 −6.2
Turnout 66,182 79.2 +4.2
Conservative hold Swing −3.5

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  3. ^ Expelled from the Commons, 1581
  4. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  12. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F W S Craig
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [1]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)