The Grantland Rice Trophy is an annual award presented in the United States since 1954 to the college football team adjudged by the Football Writers Association of America (FWAA) to be "national champions." Named for the legendary sportswriter, Grantland Rice, the trophy was the first national championship award to be presented after the college football bowl games. Through 1991 voting was undertaken by the membership of the FWAA, but since 1992 has been conducted amongst a panel of four or five selected writers, initially by a positional voting system but since 1994 by a single-team vote. Beginning in 2002, the FWAA also began issuing a national poll to go along with the Grantland Rice Trophy. The top team in the final poll is awarded the trophy. The trophy itself consists of a bronze football atop a four-sided pedestal.
On August 26, 2010, the FWAA announced that the 2004 award presented to the USC Trojans has been rescinded, the first time in the award's history that a winner has vacated the honor. The FWAA declined to name a replacement for that year's award.