Granville, New York

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Granville
Town
Granville is located in New York
Granville
Granville
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°25′20″N 73°18′20″W / 43.42222°N 73.30556°W / 43.42222; -73.30556Coordinates: 43°25′20″N 73°18′20″W / 43.42222°N 73.30556°W / 43.42222; -73.30556
Country United States
State New York
County Washington
Area
 • Total 56.1 sq mi (145.3 km2)
 • Land 56.1 sq mi (145.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 653 ft (199 m)
Population (2000)[1]
 • Total 6,456
 • Density 115.1/sq mi (44.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes[2]
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-30037
GNIS feature ID 0979014

Granville is a town on the eastern border of Washington County, New York, United States. It is part of the Glens Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area.[3] The town population was 6,456 at the 2000 census.[1]

The town of Granville contains a village that also bears the name Granville. Granville is named for John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville.[4]

Granville has been called the "Colored Slate Capital of the World." Quarries in the town mine slate that comes in colors such as green, gray, gray black, purple, mottled green and purple, and red.[5]

Granville Avenue and the associated CTA station in Chicago are named after the town,[6] as was the former Town of Granville, Wisconsin.

History[edit]

From evidence discovered around 1850, the St. Francis Indians appear to have used the town for hunting and making tools in the past.

This border area between Vermont and New York was for a long time not clearly under control of either state. Arrivals from New England settled here hoping to gain the benefits of New England in areas such as land ownership and voting rights. Early settlers arrived before 1770, but the state line was not established until 1790, leaving settlers in this town within New York State.

The town was founded in 1780.

Early agricultural efforts included dairy herds and sheep raising. Extensive slate deposits were located around 1850 in Middle Granville, and the first quarries opened around 1853. The first slate deposits had been located in 1839 and were used for local construction.

Geography[edit]

The east town line is the border of Vermont (Rutland County).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.1 square miles (145.4 km²), of which, 56.1 square miles (145.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.05%) is water.

NY Route 22A diverges from NY Route 22 by Middle Granville. NY Route 149 joins NY-22 south of Granville village.

The Mettawee (or Paulet) River and the Indian River are two large streams in the town.

Neighboring cities and towns[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,456 people, 2,411 households, and 1,668 families residing in the town. The population density was 115.1 people per square mile (44.4/km²). There were 2,635 housing units at an average density of 47.0 per square mile (18.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.08% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.[1]

There were 2,411 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.06.[1]

In the town the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.[1]

The median income for a household in the town was $36,128, and the median income for a family was $39,486. Males had a median income of $30,177 versus $20,128 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,335. About 8.3% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.[1]

Communities and locations in the town[edit]

  • Granville – A village located on NY-149 by the Vermont border.
  • Granville Airport (B01) – Located one mile north of Granville village. One asphalt runway.
  • Hillsdale – A hamlet in the south part of the town on NY-149.
  • Martins Pond – The largest of several ponds located south of Slyboro.
  • Middle Granville – A hamlet northeast of Granville village, located on NY-22A. The Dayton-Williams House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.[7]
  • North Granville – A hamlet on NY-22 in the northwest part of Granville. The Town-Hollister Farm was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008.[7]
  • Raceville – A hamlet in the northeast part of the town, located on NY-22A.
  • Slyboro – A hamlet west of Granville village, located on County Road 23.
  • South Granville – A hamlet on NY-149 in the southeast part of the town. The South Granville Congregational Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005. The Lemuel Haynes House is listed as a National Historic Landmark.[7]
  • Truthville – A hamlet east of North Granville.
  • West Granville – A hamlet on NY-40 at County Road 17 by the west town line.
  • West Pawlet – A community on the border of Vermont in the southeast corner of Granville on County Road 29.

Education[edit]

  • Mary J. Tanner School – Educates Kindergarten through 2nd grade level students.
  • Granville Elementary School – Educates 3rd through 6th grade level students.
  • Granville High School (New York) – Educates students in 7th and 8th grade, and high school students.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ Washington County, NY. Washington County GIS Web Map (Map). http://gis.co.washington.ny.us/webmap/default.aspx. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
  3. ^ "Metropolitan Areas and Components, 1999, with FIPS Codes". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2009. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 142. 
  5. ^ "Granville, NY". Village of Granville. Retrieved 2009-05-20. 
  6. ^ "Chicago Streets". Retrieved 2011-02-03. 
  7. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 

External links[edit]