Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Stafford
PC
1stMarquessOfStafford.jpg
Lord Privy Seal
In office
1755–1757
Monarch George II
Prime Minister The Duke of Newcastle
The Duke of Devonshire
Preceded by The Duke of Marlborough
Succeeded by The Earl Temple
In office
1784–1794
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Duke of Rutland
Succeeded by The Earl Spencer
Lord President of the Council
In office
1767–1779
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Earl of Chatham
The Duke of Grafton
Lord North
Preceded by The Earl of Northington
Succeeded by The Earl Bathurst
In office
1783–1784
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded by The Viscount Stormont
Succeeded by The Lord Camden
Personal details
Born 4 August 1721 (1721-08-04)
Died 26 October 1803 (1803-10-27)
Trentham Hall, Staffordshire
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Elizabeth Fazakerley
(d. 1746)
(2) Lady Louisa Egerton
(d. 1761)
(3) Lady Susannah Stewart
(d. 1805)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford PC (4 August 1721 – 26 October 1803), known as Viscount Trentham from 1746 to 1754 and as The Earl Gower from 1754 to 1786, was a British politician.

Background[edit]

Stafford was a son of John Leveson-Gower, 1st Earl Gower (1694-1754) and his wife Lady Evelyn Pierrepont. His maternal grandparents were Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull and his first wife Lady Mary Feilding. Mary was a daughter of William Feilding, 3rd Earl of Denbigh and his wife Mary King. His father was a prominent Tory politician who became the first major Tory to enter government since the succession of George I of Great Britain, joining the administration of John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville in 1742. Gower was educated at Westminster School and Christ Church, Oxford.[1]

Political career[edit]

In 1744, Stafford was elected to parliament. With the death of his elder brother in 1746, he became known by the courtesy title of Viscount Trentham until he succeeded his father as Earl Gower in 1754. Stafford was associated with the faction of the Duke of Bedford, who was his brother-in-law, and as a member of that faction was given many governmental positions. Following Bedford's death in 1771, Gower became leader of the group, and as Lord President in the administration of Frederick North, Lord North was a key supporter of a hard-line policy towards the American colonists.

Gower was frustrated by what he saw as the North administration's inept handling of the American Revolutionary War, and he resigned from the cabinet in 1779. When North resigned in March 1782, Gower was approached to form a ministry, but he refused, and he refused subsequent overtures from both Lord Shelburne and the Fox-North coalition to enter the government. Instead, he became a key figure in bringing about the fall of the Fox-North coalition, and was rewarded with the position of Lord President once again in the new administration of William Pitt the Younger. Although he soon exchanged this office for that of Lord Privy Seal, and gradually began to withdraw from public affairs, he remained a cabinet minister until his retirement in 1794. In 1786, he had been created Marquess of Stafford as a reward for his services.[1]

He was elected F.S.A. on 28 April 1784. He died at Trentham Hall, Staffordshire, on 26 October 1803.[1]

Marriages and children[edit]

Stafford married three times. He married firstly Elizabeth Fazakerley, daughter of Nicholas Fazakerley, in 1744. Elizabeth died of smallpox two years later. They had no children.

Stafford married secondly Lady Louisa, daughter of the Scroop Egerton, 1st Duke of Bridgewater, in 1748. She died in 1761. They were parents to four children:

Stafford married thirdly Lady Susannah, daughter of Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway, in 1768. They were parents to four children:

Lord Stafford died at Trentham Hall, Staffordshire, in October 1803, aged 82. He was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son from his second marriage, George, who was created Duke of Sutherland in 1833. The Marchioness of Stafford died in August 1805.[1]

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBarker, George Fisher Russell (1893). "Leveson-Gower, Granville (1721-1803)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Marquess of Carnarvon
Andrew Hill
Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle
1744–1747
With: Andrew Hill
Succeeded by
Samuel Child
John Lytton
Preceded by
Viscount Perceval
Charles Edwin
Member of Parliament for Westminster
1747–1754
With: Sir Peter Warren 1747–53
Edward Cornwallis 1753–54
Succeeded by
Sir John Crosse
Edward Cornwallis
Preceded by
Henry Vernon
Thomas Anson
Member of Parliament for Lichfield
1754
With: Thomas Anson
Succeeded by
Henry Vernon
Thomas Anson
Political offices
Preceded by
The 3rd Duke of Marlborough
Lord Privy Seal
1755–1757
Succeeded by
The Earl Temple
Preceded by
The Duke of Dorset
Master of the Horse
1757–1760
Succeeded by
The Earl of Huntingdon
Preceded by
The 4th Duke of Marlborough
Lord Chamberlain
1763–1765
Succeeded by
The Duke of Portland
Preceded by
The Earl of Northington
Lord President of the Council
1767–1779
Succeeded by
The Earl Bathurst
Preceded by
The Viscount Stormont
Lord President of the Council
1783–1784
Succeeded by
The Lord Camden
Preceded by
The Duke of Rutland
Lord Privy Seal
1784–1794
Succeeded by
The Earl Spencer
Court offices
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Robinson
Master of the Great Wardrobe
1760–1763
Succeeded by
The Lord Le Despencer
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl Gower
Lord Lieutenant and
Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire

1755–1799
Succeeded by
Earl Gower
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Marquess of Stafford
1786–1803
Succeeded by
George Leveson-Gower
Preceded by
John Leveson-Gower
Earl Gower
1754–1803
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Leveson-Gower
Baron Gower
1754–1799
Succeeded by
George Leveson-Gower