All the bands are narrowed, being only blackish stripes on a pale yellow transparent ground, the anal area of the hindwing being alone more strongly coloured, bearing a honey-yellow anal spot which is somewhat constricted in the middle; behind this spot there is a blue-centred dot, which represents the anal ocellus.
Along the Himalayas west from Northern Pakistan into India (including Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Garhwal and Kumaon, Sikkim, Assam, Manipur), Nepal, Northern Myanmar extending into south-western and central China; and Taiwan.
Though overall common and not threatened, it tends to be extremely local.
- G. e. eurous Leech 1893 - Along the central and eastern Himalayas from Nepal west to North Bengal, Sikkim, possibly Bhutan, Assam, Manipur across northern and central Myanmar to Yunnan.
- G. e. caschmirensis (Rothschild, 1895) - Western Himalayas from Jammu & Kashmir to Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
- G. e. sikkimica (Heron, 1895) - Northern West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Meghalaya. Also Nepal.
- G. e. inthanon Katayama, 1986 - northern Thailand and Laos
- G. e. panopaea (de Nicéville, 1900) - Western China.
- G. e. meridionalis (Mell 1935) - Southeast China (Northern Guandong to Zhejiang)
- G. e. melli Racheli & Cotton 2009 - Guanxi, southern China
- G. e. asakurae (Matsumura, 1908) - Taiwan.
These butterflies are found in open places in wooded country between 3000 to 8000 feet in the Himalayas. They inhabit certain small localities and are always to be found there.
While the male Swordtails are rarely away from their favourite spots, the females wander abroad in search of their hostplants, the Laurels.
The males generally fly high up, often around a selected tree, where they can be seen settling now and then well out of reach. Occasionally, they descend close to the ground where they can be netted. The females, being less lively fly closer to the ground, and are often found settling on their hostplants.
This species is single-brooded. It regularly emerges in Himachal Pradesh area in mid-April and stays on the wing till mid-May. The brood emerges slightly earlier East of Himachal till in Assam the butterflies appear as early as January.
Usually, the females emerge much later than the males and it is not uncommon to see fresh females with wings in perfect condition being courted by males with tattered wings.
The caterpillars are greenish and have black dots. It has a yellow transverse band. Each thoracic segment has a pair of spines. The anal processes are yellow and have a black tip.
The pupas are slender, green and have four yellowish lines.
The larval foodplants of the Sixbar Swordtail are primarily from family Lauraceae. Haribal lists Persea odoratissima and Michelia doltsopa (family Magnoliaceae) as the larval hostplants. Smetacek (2012) has reared larvae found to be feeding on Persea duthei King ex J.D. Hooker and Neolitsea umbrosa (Nees) Gamble, to adulthood.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Graphium eurous.|
|Wikispecies has information related to: Graphium eurous|
- Häuser, Christoph L.; de Jong, Rienk; Lamas, Gerardo; Robbins, Robert K.; Smith, Campbell; Vane-Wright, Richard I. (28 July 2005). "Papilionidae – revised GloBIS/GART species checklist (2nd draft)". Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- Savela, Marrku (16 Feb 2008). "Graphium". Lepidoptera and some other life forms. nic.funet.fi. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- Cotton, Adam; Fric, Zdenek Faltynek; Smith, Colin & Smetacek, Peter (March 2013). "Subspecies catalogue of the butterflies of India (Papilionidae): A Synopsis". Bionotes 15 (1): 5–8.
- Racheli, T. & Cotton, Adam. Bozano, GC, ed. Guide to the Butterflies of the Paearctic Region, Papilionidae Part 1, Subfamily Papilioninae, Tribe Troidini. Milano 2010: Omnes Artes. pp. 23–26.
- Smith, Colin (1981). Field Guide to Nepal's Butterflies. Natural History Museum.
- Haribal, Meena (15 September 2003). Butterflies of Sikkim Himalaya and Their Natural History. Natraj Publishers. ISBN 978-81-85019-11-6.
- Smetacek, Peter (March 2012). "Preimaginal stages of Graphium (Pazala) eurous caschmirensis (Rothschild 1895) (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in the Kumaon Himalaya, India". Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo 32 (3/4): 109–112. ISSN 0723-9912.
- Collins, N.M. & Morris, M.G. (1985) Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World. IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6 pdf
- Evans, W.H. (1932) The Identification of Indian Butterflies. (2nd Ed), Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India
- Gay,Thomas; Kehimkar,Isaac & Punetha,J.C.(1992) Common Butterflies of India. WWF-India and Oxford University Press, Mumbai, India.
- Haribal, Meena (1994) Butterflies of Sikkim Himalaya and their Natural History.
- Kunte, Krushnamegh (2005) Butterflies of Peninsular India. Universities Press.
- Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957) Butterflies of the Indian Region, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.
|This Papilionidae-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|