Grapholita

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Grapholita
Cydia funebrana ugglan.jpg
Adult (above) and caterpillar (below) of the Plum Fruit Moth (G. funebrana) from the Nordisk familjebok. Scale is 1 cm.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Tortricidae
Subfamily: Olethreutinae
Tribe: Grapholitini
Genus: Grapholita
Treitschke, 1829
Type species
"Pyralis dorsana"
sensu Treitschke, 1829 (see text)
Diversity
126 species
Synonyms

Numerous, see text

Grapholita is a large genus of tortrix moths (family Tortricidae). It belongs to subfamily Olethreutinae, and therein to the tribe Grapholitini, of which it is the type genus.[1]

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

G.F. Treitschke established Grapholita in 1829 – in the 7th volume of Schmetterlinge von Europa, with a type species he claimed to be "Pyralis dorsana", a taxon established by J.C. Fabricius in his 1775 Systema Entomologiae. But Treitschke was misled by J. Hübner's misidentification of Fabricius' moth.[2]

The actual P. dorsana is today known as Dichrorampha petiverella, as it had already been described by Linnaeus in his 1758 edition of Systema naturae as Phalaena (Tinea) petiverella. The "Pyralis dorsana" of Hübner and Treitschke was subsequently identified as the species described as Tortrix lunulana by J.N.C.M. Denis & I. Schiffermüller in 1775, which thus is today Grapholita lunulana.[3]

Species[edit]

126 species are currently recognized in Grapholita, though the genus' distinctness from and delimitation against Cydia is in need of further study:[4]

Synonyms[edit]

Obsolete scientific names (junior synonyms and others) of Grapholita are:[6]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Baixeras et al. (2009a)
  2. ^ Treitschke, (1829), Baixeras et al. (2009a)
  3. ^ Baixeras et al. (2009a,c)
  4. ^ Baixeras et al. (2009b)
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Sometimes placed in Cydia: see e.g. references in Savela (2005a)
  6. ^ Baixeras et al. (2009a), and see references in Savela (2005b)

References[edit]