|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Comune di Grassano|
|• Mayor||Vito Magnante|
|• Total||41 km2 (16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||576 m (1,890 ft)|
|Population (December 2009)|
|• Density||130/km2 (350/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saint Innocent|
|Saint day||September 22|
Grassano is a town and comune in the province of Matera, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. It is located between the Bradano and Basento rivers, at an altitude variable from c. 150 to 576 meters above the sea level. The town proper is at 43 km from Matera and 59 km from the regional capital, Potenza.
Grassano was founded around 1000 AD, the first official document including the town's name is dated 1123 and was known as "castellum quod vocatur Crassanum". In the 15th century, Grassano was officially a rural seat of the Tricarico's Diocese. Grassano's people later asked King Ladislaus of Naples for an independence act, and Grassano has remained an independent village since January 19, 1414.
Carlo Levi was arrested and exiled to Grassano because of his anti-fascist activities. In Grassano, Levi painted about 70 pictures and started discovering Southern Italy's problems. After the war, he wrote his most famous book, Christ Stopped at Eboli.
Since 2002, Grassano, with Aliano (the second place where Levi was exiled) is an active Literary Park.
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