Gratangen

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Gratangen kommune
Rivttáid suohkan
Municipality
View from Gratangen HDR.jpg
Coat of arms of Gratangen kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Gratangen kommune
Troms within
Norway
Gratangen within Troms
Gratangen within Troms
Coordinates: 68°41′24.13″N 17°32′30.29″E / 68.6900361°N 17.5417472°E / 68.6900361; 17.5417472Coordinates: 68°41′24.13″N 17°32′30.29″E / 68.6900361°N 17.5417472°E / 68.6900361; 17.5417472
Country Norway
County Troms
District Central Hålogaland
Administrative centre Årstein
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Ronny Grindstein (Sp)
Area
 • Total 312.77 km2 (120.76 sq mi)
 • Land 305.41 km2 (117.92 sq mi)
 • Water 7.36 km2 (2.84 sq mi)
Area rank 271 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,136
 • Rank 387 in Norway
 • Density 3.7/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -13.7 %
Demonym Gratangsværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1919
Official language form Neutral
Website www.gratangen.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Gratangen (Northern Sami: Rivttáid suohkan) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Central Hålogaland. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Årstein.

The largest settlement in the municipality is Årstein, which is located approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi) north of Narvik and 85 kilometres (53 mi) east of Harstad. Other villages in Gratangen include Elvenes, Fjordbotn, and Hilleshamn. The European route E6 highway runs through the southeastern part of the municipality.

General information[edit]

Map of Gratangen

The municipality of Gratangen was established on 1 July 1926 when it was separated from the municipality of Ibestad. The initial population of Gratangen was 1,967. The municipal boundaries have not changed since then.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the Gratangen fjord (Old Norse: Grjótangr). The first element is grjót which means "stone" and the last element is angr which means "fjord".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1990). It shows a gray chevron to represent the mountains on a blue background to symbolize the sea.[3]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Gratangen. It is part of the Trondenes deanery in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Gratangen
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Gratangen Gratangen Church Årstein 1971

History[edit]

View of the mountains of Gratangen

Gratangen was the site of the Battle of Gratangen, one of the first battles between the German 3rd Mountain Division under Eduard Dietl and the Norwegian 6th Division under General Carl Gustav Fleischer after the German invasion of Norway on 9 April 1940.

Geography[edit]

The municipality encompasses the land on both sides of the Gratangen and southeast of the Astafjorden. The municipality borders Skånland to the west, Ibestad (across the Astafjorden) to the north, Lavangen to the east, and Narvik (in Nordland county) to the south.

The municipality is very mountainous, with only one third of the land being below the tree line of 250 to 300 metres (820 to 980 ft) above sea level. Most of the livable land is a narrow area along both sides of the fjord, several side valleys that branch away from the fjord, plus the Fjordbotn area at the head of the fjord.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Årstein
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.4
(34.5)
6.7
(44.1)
10.8
(51.4)
13.0
(55.4)
11.9
(53.4)
7.2
(45)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
2.7
(36.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 87
(3.43)
79
(3.11)
62
(2.44)
56
(2.2)
45
(1.77)
55
(2.17)
70
(2.76)
82
(3.23)
111
(4.37)
136
(5.35)
95
(3.74)
102
(4.02)
980
(38.58)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Gratangen – kommune i Troms" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-09-03. 
  4. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]