Graves County, Kentucky

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Graves County, Kentucky
Graves County Courthouse KY.JPG
Graves County Courthouse in Mayfield
Map of Kentucky highlighting Graves County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for Benjamin F. Graves
Seat Mayfield
Largest city Mayfield
Area
 • Total 557 sq mi (1,443 km2)
 • Land 552 sq mi (1,430 km2)
 • Water 5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 37,121
 • Density 67/sq mi (26/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.gravescountyky.com

Graves County is a county located in the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,121.[1] Its county seat is Mayfield.[2] The county was formed in 1824 and was named for Major Benjamin Franklin Graves, soldier in the War of 1812.

Graves County comprises the Mayfield, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Paducah-Mayfield, KY-IL Combined Statistical Area.

Graves County is a “limited” dry county, meaning that sale of alcohol in the county is prohibited except for wine and beer in restaurants in Mayfield which have seating for at least 100 patrons or at the Mayfield Golf & Country Club.

History[edit]

Graves County was named for Capt. Benjamin Graves, who fell at the battle of Raisin River.[3]

One of Kentucky's largest counties, Graves's history includes a US Vice President, four US Congressmen, famous heroes, singers and songwriters, noted writers, and a legacy of historic sites.

The fertile land attracted early settlers from Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee, who brought with them education and culture and a fierce determination to succeed. They put down roots to blend a political, economic, and social environment unique, perhaps only to Graves County.

Tobacco was important the local economy and Graves County has a rich history of the dark-fired and dark-air-cured leaf tobacco used in smokeless tobacco farming. A woolen mill began operating before the Civil War and continued to grow with the men's clothing market. Several clothing companies were added and the county seat's minor league baseball team was named the Mayfield Clothiers.

Graves County made national news in September 2011 for jailing Amish men who refused to use orange safety triangles on their buggies. The Swartzentruber Amish instead used reflective tape. After the appeal of their 2008 conviction was denied, Menno Zook, Danny Byler, Mose Yoder, Levi Hostetler, David Zook and Eli Zook refused to pay the small fines associated with their conviction. All served sentences ranging from three to 10 days, according to the jail's website. The men were "very polite, respectful, everything you would expect", said Graves County Chief Deputy Tim Warren. He said the men dressed in their "Sunday best" to report to jail. The men were not forced to wear orange county jail uniforms, instead wearing dark gray. They were not allowed to wear their own clothes.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles (1,440 km2), of which 552 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (0.9%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,504
1840 7,465 198.1%
1850 11,397 52.7%
1860 16,233 42.4%
1870 19,398 19.5%
1880 24,138 24.4%
1890 28,534 18.2%
1900 33,204 16.4%
1910 33,539 1.0%
1920 32,483 −3.1%
1930 30,778 −5.2%
1940 31,763 3.2%
1950 31,364 −1.3%
1960 30,021 −4.3%
1970 30,939 3.1%
1980 34,049 10.1%
1990 33,550 −1.5%
2000 37,028 10.4%
2010 37,121 0.3%
Est. 2013 37,451 0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 37,028 people, 14,841 households, and 10,566 families residing in the county. The population density was 67 per square mile (26/km2). There were 16,340 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.73% White, 4.44% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. 2.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,841 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,874, and the median income for a family was $38,054. Males had a median income of $32,016 versus $20,177 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,834. About 13.10% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 35. 
  4. ^ "Amish men jailed over refusal to use orange safety triangle on buggies". CNN. September 14, 2011. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°43′N 88°39′W / 36.72°N 88.65°W / 36.72; -88.65