Gravesend (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gravesend
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18681983
Number of members one
Replaced by Gravesham
Created from West Kent

Gravesend was a county constituency centred on the town of Gravesend, Kent which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1868 until it was abolished for the 1983 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1868 Sir Charles John Wingfield Liberal
1874 Bedford Clapperton Trevelyan Pim Conservative
1880 Thomas Bevan Liberal
1880 by-election Sir Sydney Waterlow Liberal
1885 John Bazley White Conservative
1892 James Dampier Palmer Conservative
1898 by-election John Ryder Conservative
1900 Sir Horatio Gilbert George Parker Conservative
1918 Sir Alexander Richardson Conservative
1923 George Alfred Isaacs Labour
1924 Sir Irving Albery Conservative
1945 Garry Allighan Labour
1947 by-election Richard Acland Labour
1955 Peter Kirk Conservative
1964 Albert Murray Labour
1970 Roger White Conservative
Feb 1974 John Ovenden Labour
1979 Tim Brinton Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Gravesham

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

1918 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 31,070

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Sir Alexander Richardson 7,841 51.6
Labour James Butts 3,254 21.5
Independent Conservative Henry Edward Davies 1,817 12.0 N/A
Liberal Charles Edward Best 1,271 8.4
National Party Harry Hinkley 985 6.5 N/A
Majority 4,587 30.1
Turnout 15,168 48.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

1922 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 31,972

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Alexander Richardson 8,166 40.6 −11.0
Labour George Alfred Isaacs 7,180 35.6 +14.1
Independent Conservative Henry Edward Davies 4,796 23.8 +15.4
Majority 986 5.0 −25.1
Turnout 20,142 63.0 +14.2
Conservative hold Swing −12.6
1923 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 32,564

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Alfred Isaacs 9,776 43.4 +7.8
Conservative Sir Alexander Richardson 9,657 42.8 +2.2
Liberal Laurence Harry Duniam Jones 3,123 13.8 N/A
Majority 119 0.6 N/A
Turnout 22,556 68.8 +5.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 2.9
1924 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 33,840

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Irving James Albery 15,410 58.4 +15.6
Labour George Alfred Isaacs 10,969 41.6 −1.8
Majority 4,441 16.8
Turnout 26,379 78.0 +9.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +8.7
1929 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 44,226

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Irving James Albery 14,644 46.1 −12.3
Labour W.J. Humphreys 12,871 40.6 −1.0
Liberal F.W. Kershaw 4,220 13.3 N/A
Majority 1,773 5.5 −13.3
Turnout 31,735 71.8 −6.2
Conservative hold Swing −5.7

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

1931 general election: Gravesend

46,124

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Irving James Albery 22,410 64.2 +18.1
Labour Ben Greene 12,488 35.8 −4.8
Majority 9,922 28.4 +22.9
Turnout 34,898 75.7 +3.9
Conservative hold Swing +11.5
1935 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 50,300

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Irving James Albery 20,438 56.1 −8.1
Labour Ben Greene 15,994 43.9 +8.1
Majority 4,444 12.2 −16.2
Turnout 36,432 72.4 −3.3
Conservative hold Swing −8.1

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

1945 general election: Gravesend

55,160

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Garry Allighan 21,609 52.5 +8.6
Conservative Sir Irving James Albery 14,553 35.3 −20.8
Liberal Reginald E. Goodfellow 5,033 12.2 N/A
Majority 4,444 12.2 N/A
Turnout 41,195 74.5 +2.1
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 14.7
Gravesend by-election, 1947
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir Richard Acland 24,692 51.8 −0.7
Conservative Frank K. Taylor 23,017 48.2 +12.9
Majority 1,675 3.6 −13.6
Turnout 47,709
Labour hold Swing −6.1

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

1950 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 61,792

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir Richard Thomas Dyke Acland 28,297 53.07
Conservative John Gerrard Lowe 22,726 42.62
Liberal Mavis Doreen Ayliffe 2,298 4.31
Majority 5,571 10.45
Turnout 86.29
Labour hold Swing
1951 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 63,393

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir Richard Thomas Dyke Acland 30,055 55.29
Conservative Charles P T Burke 24,300 44.71
Majority 5,755 10.59
Turnout 85.74
Labour hold Swing
1955 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 59,099

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Michael Kirk 22,058 46.22
Labour C J Victor Mishcon 19,149 40.13
Independent Sir Richard Thomas Dyke Acland 6,514 13.65
Majority 2,909 6.10
Turnout 47,721 80.75
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
1959 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 63,299

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Michael Kirk 27,124 52.08
Labour C J Victor Mishcon 24,962 47.92
Majority 2,162 4.15
Turnout 52,086 82.29
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

1964 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 71,408

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Albert James Murray 26,074 45.41
Conservative Peter Michael Kirk 25,326 44.11
Liberal Jack Harris Barnett 6,015 10.48
Majority 748 1.30
Turnout 57,415 80.40
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
1966 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 74,175

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Albert James Murray 30,276 49.75
Conservative Roger Lowrey White 25,484 41.88
Liberal Jack Harris Barnett 5,092 8.37
Majority 4,792 7.87
Turnout 60,852 82.04
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

1970 general election: Gravesend

Electorate 84,111

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Lowrey White 29,924 46.85
Labour Albert James Murray 28,711 44.95
Liberal Michael J Dunn 5,234 8.19
Majority 1,213 1.90
Turnout 63,869 75.93
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
February 1974 general election: Gravesend
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Ovenden 29,571 40.83
Conservative Roger White 27,989 38.65
Liberal DC Mumford 13,136 18.14
National Front JD Turner 1,726 2.38
Majority 1,582 2.18
Turnout 83.73
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
October 1974 general election: Gravesend
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Ovenden 29,569 43.09
Conservative R Needham 27,264 39.73
Liberal L Cartier 10,244 14.93
National Front JD Turner 1,304 1.90
More Prosperous Britain T Keen 239 0.35
Majority 2,305 3.36
Turnout 78.63
Labour hold Swing
1979 general election: Gravesend
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tim Brinton 37,592 51.95
Labour John Ovenden 28,246 39.04
Liberal IJA Goodwin 5,917 8.18
National Front GD Willden 603 0.83
Majority 9,346 12.92
Turnout 81.40
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]