Gravesend railway station

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Coordinates: 51°26′28.74″N 0°22′0.09″E / 51.4413167°N 0.3666917°E / 51.4413167; 0.3666917

Gravesend National Rail
Gravesend
Location
Place Gravesend
Local authority Gravesham
Grid reference TQ645740
Operations
Station code GRV
Managed by Southeastern
Number of platforms 3
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05   2.247 million
2005/06 Increase 2.358 million
2006/07 Increase 2.482 million
2007/08 Increase 2.786 million
2008/09 Decrease 2.717 million
2009/10 Decrease 2.502 million
2010/11 Increase 2.647 million
- Interchange Increase 43,815
2011/12 Increase 2.706 million
- Interchange Increase 63,462
2012/13 Decrease 2.646 million
- Interchange Increase 65,872
History
Key dates Opened 30 July 1849 (30 July 1849)
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Gravesend from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal
Auto-train for Allhallows-on-Sea in 1959

Gravesend railway station serves the town of Gravesend in north Kent; train services are operated by Southeastern. The station is 24 miles (38 km) from London Charing Cross. As of the Christmas period 2013 a major overhaul of the lines and platforms changed the four line, two platform layout into a three line, three platform layout.

History[edit]

The first railway to arrive in Gravesend was the Gravesend & Rochester Railway (G&RR) who had purchased the Thames and Medway Canal and its tunnel between Strood and Higham. The G&RR ran the first train to the then terminus at Gravesend (adjacent to the Canal Basin) on 10 February 1845. On 30 July 1849 the line was extended to North Kent East Junction on the South Eastern Railway (SER) and thence to London Bridge.

There was a second Gravesend station (in later years known as Gravesend West), opened by SER's rivals London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR). It was the end of a branch off the LCDR's main line and it allowed access to Victoria. journey times were uncompetitive and when the two companies merged in 1899, the branch was soon relegated to a secondary line and closed in 1968.

High speed HS1 services to London St Pancras International were introduced in December 2009 and proved highly successful. The station is now seen as a major interchange for metro and high speed services. It is noted that there is a far greater customer patronage for high speed services to London St Pancras International from Gravesend in comparison to nearby Ebbsfleet International, where usage is considered modest at best. This might be due (in part), to the sizeable London bound commuter population in and around Gravesham, as opposed to domestic passenger use at Ebbsfleet International, from elsewhere in North West Kent.

In December 2008, the local authority for Gravesend (Gravesham Council), were formally requested by Crossrail and the Department for Transport, to sanction the revised Crossrail Safeguarding. This safeguarding provides for a potential service extension, from the current south of Thames terminus at Abbey Wood, to continue via North Kent Line to Gravesend station. The Crossrail route extension from Abbey Wood to Gravesend & Hoo Junction, remains on statute. With current services from Gravesend to London Bridge, London Waterloo East and London Charing Cross being supplemented by highspeed trains from the end of 2009 to London St Pancras, the potential in having Crossrail services from central London, London Heathrow, Maidenhead and/or Reading, terminating at Gravesend, would not only raise the station to hub status but greatly contribute towards the town's regeneration.

In 2013 a £19 million overhaul of the station, platforms and lines involved the demolition of a former water tank base on the Southern platform of the station (Platform 1 at this time), the installation of a new lift/stair bridge complex towards the western end of the station, the removal of the early 20th Century footbridge that spanned the lines close to the ticket halls and a major remodelling of the lines and platforms.[1]

Until this time the station had two platforms, with lines feeding these platforms with "emergency escapes" at the eastern ends of these. From this upgrade the station will have three platforms, with one of the lines terminating at the eastern of this platform.

Future[edit]

Gravesend railway station is at the heart of the £75 million Gravesend Transport Quarter. The station is currently undergoing a major overhaul. Works include enlarged ticket halls, new baby changing facilities, revamp and reopening of the Gents WC on Platform 2, new indicator screens and additional space for retail opportunities. As noted above, the station's track layout was substantially altered in Dec 2013. This was primarily for extending the current platforms to accommodate 12 coach trains as opposed to the previous 10 coach limit. The previous historic but narrow central footbridge, has been replaced with a large sheltered bridge with lifts, at the London end of the station and serving 3 platforms. Platform 1 has been extended and converted to a London facing bay platform and renumbered as Platform '0'. A new single face central Platform 1 is located on the site of what was the former Up 'through' road. Services from Medway and Faversham, including London bound high speed trains, will use this platform. This new platform will have bi directional workings and capability. The current Platform 2 shall remain numbered as '2', however, it will lose its turnback capability and thus will cater solely for coast bound services.

It likely that the Down Line serving Platform 2, will need to possess bi directional capability, in the medium or long term.

The station car park (and the adjoining vicinity), is to become a 6 storey major transport interchange building featuring a 396 space multi storey car park, a six-bay bus station, a large retail area inside the building, plus ticketing facilities for train, buses and Fastrack.

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service from the station is:

Typical off-peak services are:

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Northfleet   Southeastern
North Kent Line
  Higham
Ebbsfleet International   Southeastern
High Speed 1
  Strood
    Ferry services    
Tilbury Town
via Bus Link
  Gravesend - Tilbury Ferry   Terminus
Disused railways
Terminus   British Rail
Southern Region

Hoo Peninsula branch
  Uralite Halt
Northfleet   British Rail
Southern Region

North Kent Line
  Denton Halt
Northfleet   British Rail
Southern Region

North Kent Line
  Milton Range
Halt
Northfleet   British Rail
Southern Region

North Kent Line
  Hoo Junction
Staff Halt

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.southeasternrailway.co.uk/news/latest-news/gravesend-station-improvement-unlocks-capacity-improvements-in-kent/
  2. ^ "High-speed trains start from Maidstone". Kent Messenger Group. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 

External links[edit]