Gravisca

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Gravisca
Graviscae
Gravisca.jpg
The excavations at Gravisca, conducted by the University of Perugia.
Gravisca is located in Lazio
Gravisca
Shown within Lazio
Region Lazio
Type Port, Settlement
History
Periods Orientalizing period - Roman empire
Cultures Etruscan
Site notes
Excavation dates yes
Archaeologists Mario Torelli
Condition ruined
Public access no

Gravisca (or the Latin) Graviscae)[1] was the port of the Etruscan city of Tarquinii, situated 8 km west of the city center.[2]

The Etruscan settlement, occupied ca. sixth to third centuries B.C., had four principal occupational phases from ca. 600 to 250 B.C.[3] It was superseded by the establishment of a colonia of Roman citizenship at the site in 181 BC.[4] The port functioned as an emporion and there is ample evidence for merchants and perhaps Greek artisans based at the site.[5] The cults of numerous Greek gods, including Aphrodite, Hera,[6] Demeter, and Apollo, are attested

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mario Torelli et al., “Gravisca,” NSc (1970)
  2. ^ Denise Demetriou (22 November 2012). Negotiating Identity in the Ancient Mediterranean: The Archaic and Classical Greek Multiethnic Emporia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-107-01944-7. 
  3. ^ http://www.edipuglia.it/catalogo/collana.php?id=8 Gravisca. Scavi nel santuario greco
  4. ^ Liv. 40.29.1.1 http://latin.packhum.org/loc/914/1/1526/45-53
  5. ^ Benvenuto Frau (1981). Graviscae: il porto antico di Tarquinia e le sue fortificazioni. Gruppo Archeologico Romano. 
  6. ^ Mario Torelli "Il sanctuario di Hera a Gravisca” La Parola del Passato 136 (1971) 44-67.

Coordinates: 42°12′46″N 11°42′37″E / 42.21278°N 11.71028°E / 42.21278; 11.71028