Grayshott

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Grayshott
Grayshott is located in Hampshire
Grayshott
Grayshott
 Grayshott shown within Hampshire
OS grid reference SU872353
Civil parish Grayshott
District East Hampshire
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Hindhead
Postcode district GU26
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament East Hampshire
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 51°06′37″N 0°45′16″W / 51.11031°N 0.75437°W / 51.11031; -0.75437

Grayshott is a village and civil parish in the East Hampshire district of Hampshire, England. It is located on the Hampshire / Surrey border 2.4 miles (3.9 km) northwest of Haslemere, approximately one hour by road from central London.

The nearest railway station is 2.1 miles (3.4 km) southeast of the village, at Haslemere.

The village consists of houses and shops on either side of the B3002 Headley Road, which leads from the A333 at Hindhead to Headley Down, Headley and Bordon, and Crossways Road which runs south east from the centre of the village. East of the village centre, joining these two roads, is Boundary Road, which marks the boundary between Hampshire and Surrey.

Grayshott was part of Headley parish until 1901 (ecclesiastical parish) and 1902 (civil parish). It is now the basis of Grayshott civil parish, which is part of East Hampshire District.

History[edit]

The earliest reference to Grayshott found by Jack Hayden Smith, a Grayshott inhabitant and local historian, is in Winchester Bishopric records as Gravesetta (1185) and Graveschete (1200). In 1533 it was called Graveshotte, and the named changed to its current spelling probably in the 18th century. J H Smith's book was republished in 2002 by John Owen Smith.[1] A detailed survey of the area made in the reign of Edward VI (1547–53) used the name Graueshot and describes large areas of "waste". The shott suffix in local names refers to springs flowing from the sandstone rock strata.[2]

The village is mentioned in the Headley Parish Register of 1564 as Grashott, and as Grayshott in 1584.[3]

At the earliest census, 1841, Grayshott had 114 inhabitants, increasing gradually over the rest of the century and then more than doubling between 1891 (238) and 1901 (666). This was the result of the growing popularity of the Hindhead area's healthy climate, the accessibility afforded by the railway coming to Haslemere in 1859 and the subsequent rise in trade to accommodate this popularity.[4]

Two notable murders took place in the early 20th century. In 1901, postmaster Walter Chapman stabbed to death his wife Emily and was found guilty but insane and committed to Broadmoor Hospital.[5] In 1915 Lieutenant Codere murdered Sergeant Ozanne (both of the Canadian Rifles stationed at Bramshott Camp) at Codere's billet in Crossways Road. Codere was found guilty and sentenced to hang, but the sentence was later commuted to life imprisonment on the grounds of insanity.[6]

Amenities[edit]

St. Luke's Church, whose tower and spire (added in 1910) combined are 100 feet tall, was begun in 1898 and consecrated in 1900.[7] It is a part of the Guildford diocese. St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church was built in 1911.[8]

Grayshott Primary School

Grayshott Primary School traces its origins to the 19th century. The National School was founded in 1871 on land provided by the architect Edward I'Anson, who had moved to the village ten years earlier. His descendants maintained a close connection to the area (his son made funds available for the construction of the church) and many of these are buried and memorialised in its churchyard.[9]

Grayshott Village Hall

Grayshott Village Hall claims to be the largest in the county,[10] and the village has its own retained fire station. A village square and two village greens are close to the centre.

To the west of the village there is a recreation ground with cricket pavilion, football club, skate park and tennis club.

There is a long history of amateur drama in the village, beginning before World War 1 and continuing to the present day. The Grayshott Stagers have held this mantle since 1951.[11]

The Grayshott area is popular with walkers, including nearby Waggoners Wells. Ludshott Common, one mile to the west, is an area of heathland and woodland and part of the East Hampshire Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty;[12] one mile to the east is Hindhead and the Devil's Punch Bowl, a site of special scientific interest, and to the north is the Golden Valley, a densely wooded valley between the B3002 and A287 roads.[13]

In School Road is Grayshott Pottery, which has been making English stoneware since 1956. It now incorporates Dartington Pottery which originated in Devon.[14]

There is one public house in the village, the "Fox and Pelican". It was opened in 1899 by shareholders of the Grayshott & District Refreshment Association, one of whom was George Bernard Shaw, under the guidelines of the national Refreshment House Association, a temperance-based organisation.[15] In 1914 the landlord was James Ashbrooke Holme, a lay reader from Bishopstoke, Hampshire. His wife Charlotte had been one of the survivors of the Titanic sinking.[16] The pub was taken over by Gales Brewery in the 1950s.

Notable residents[edit]

From 1898 to 1900 Flora Thompson,[17] author of Lark Rise to Candleford, was assistant postmistress in Grayshott and lived in The Avenue. Among her customers were Arthur Conan Doyle, who lived at Undershaw (which became the Undershaw Hotel, now closed) next to Hindhead traffic lights, and George Bernard Shaw, who lived at Blen Cathra, Boundary Road, now St Edmund's School, Hindhead.

Dame Agnes Weston, philanthropist and founder of the Royal Naval Sailors' Rests, lived in Crossways Road for a number of years.[18]

Towards Headley Down is the health farm Grayshott Spa. This building, known as Grayshott Hall, is on the site of a small farm which Alfred Tennyson and his family rented in 1867 while he had Aldworth built nearby in Haslemere.

Grayshott is the birthplace of actor Colin Firth, best known for his appearances in films such as Bridget Jones's Diary, Mamma Mia!, A Single Man and The King's Speech.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, John Owen. Grayshott - the story of a Hampshire village. ISBN 1873855389. 
  2. ^ Page, William. "A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3". British History Online. pp. 51–55. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Smith, John Owen. "A Glossary for Headley". Retrieved 2 Oct 2013. 
  4. ^ "Grayshott Village Archive - History of Grayshott". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013. 
  5. ^ Smith, John Owen. On the trail of Flora Thompson : Heatherley to Peverel : Grayshott to Griggs. ISBN 1873855249. 
  6. ^ "Grayshott Village Archive - The murder at Hindhead Chase". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013. 
  7. ^ "St Luke's Church website". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013. 
  8. ^ "History of Grayshott (John Owen Smith)". Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Tapp, Brian (January 4, 2009). "The Churchyard of St. Luke's other Memorials". Featured articles. Grayshott Village Archive. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  10. ^ Village hall
  11. ^ "The Grayshott Stagers". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013. 
  12. ^ National Trust | Thames & Solent | Places to visit | Countryside
  13. ^ "National Trust article". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013. 
  14. ^ "Hampshire County Council "Visit Hampshire" website". Retrieved 23 Sep 2013. 
  15. ^ "Grayshott Village Archive - Fox & Pelican". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013. 
  16. ^ "Titanic history of the Fox and Pelican (Guardian, 18 Aug 2010)". Retrieved 24 Sep 2013. 
  17. ^ "Flora Thompson Home Page (John Owen Smith)". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013. 
  18. ^ "Life in blue jackets and pines (Grayshott old website)". Retrieved 30 Sep 2013. 

External links[edit]