27 September 1871|
|Died||15 August 1936
|Literary movement||Realism, Decadence|
|Notable award(s)||Nobel Prize in Literature
Born in Nuoro, Sardinia into a middle-class family, she attended elementary school and then was educated by a private tutor (a guest of one of her relatives) and moved on to study literature on her own.
She first published some novels in the magazine L'ultima moda when it still published works in prose and poetry. Nell'azzurro, published by Trevisani in 1890, might be considered as her first work.
Still between prose and poetry are, among the first works, Paesaggi sardi, published by Speirani in 1896. In 1900, after having married Palmiro Madesani, functionary of the Ministry of War met in Cagliari in the October 1899, the writer moved to Rome and after the publishing of Anime oneste in 1895 and of Il vecchio della montagna in 1900, plus the collaboration with magazines La Sardegna, Piccola rivista and Nuova Antologia, her work began to gain critical interest.
In 1903 she published Elias Portolu that confirmed her as a writer and started her work as a successful writer of novels and theatrical works: Cenere (1904), L'edera (1908), Sino al confine (1911), Colombi e sparvieri (1912), Canne al vento (1913) -her most well known book in Italy-, L'incendio nell'oliveto (1918), Il Dio dei venti (1922).
She died in Rome at the age of 64.
Her work has been highly regarded by Luigi Capuana and Giovanni Verga plus some younger writers such as Enrico Thovez, Pietro Pancrazi, Renato Serra, and later until today by Sardinian writers such as Sergio Atzeni, Giulio Angioni, Salvatore Mannuzzu, starters of the so-called Sardinian Literary Spring.
In Deledda's novels there is always a strong connection between places and people, feelings and environment. The environment depicted is mostly that one harsh of native Sardinia, but it is not depicted according to regional veristic schemes neither according to the otherworldly vision by D'Annunzio, but relived through the myth.
- Fior di Sardegna (1892)
- La via del male (1896)
- Racconti sardi (1895)
- Anime oneste (1895)
- Dopo il divorzio (1902; English translation: After the Divorce, 1905)
- Elias Portolu (1903)
- Cenere (1904; English translation: Ashes, 1908)
- Nostalgie (1905)
- L'edera (1908)
- Canne al vento (1913)
- Marianna Sirca (1915)
- La madre (1920; English translation: The Woman and the Priest, 1922; English translation: The Mother, 1923)
- La fuga in Egitto (1925)
- Il sigillo d'amore (1926)
- Cosima (1937) published posthumously
- Il cedro del Libano (1939) published posthumously
- Attilio Momigliano, Intorno a Grazia Deledda, in Ultimi studi, Firenze, La Nuova Italia, 1954.
- Emilio Cecchi, Grazia Deledda, in Prosatori e narratori, in Storia della letteratura italiana, Il Novecento, Milano, Garzanti, 1967.
- Antonio Piromalli, Grazia Deledda, Firenze, La Nuova Italia, 1968.
- Natalino Sapegno, Prefazione a Romanzi e novelle, Milano, Mondadori, 1972.
- Giulio Angioni, Grazia Deledda, l'antropologia positivistica e la diversità della Sardegna, in Grazia Deledda nella cultura contemporanea, Nuoro, 1992, 299-306; Introduzione, Tradizioni popolari di Nuoro, Bibliotheca sarda, Nuoro, Ilisso, 2010.
The voice of Grazia Deledda speaking (in Italian) at the Nobel Prize Ceremony in 1926.
|About Grazia Deledda|
|By Grazia Deledda|
- Works by Grazia Deledda at Project Gutenberg
- Nobel Prize autobiography
- Summary of works by Grazia Deledda and complete texts
- Martha King's English translation of Cosima.
- Martha King's English translation of Canne al vento as Reeds in the Wind.
- BBC Radio 4's 10-part dramatisation of Reeds in the Wind 2012