Greasby

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Greasby
Greave Dunning - geograph.org.uk - 689945.jpg
The Greave Dunning public house, Greasby Road
Greasby is located in Merseyside
Greasby
Greasby
 Greasby shown within Merseyside
Population 9,830 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SJ253868
Metropolitan borough Wirral
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIRRAL
Postcode district CH49
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Wirral West
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Coordinates: 53°22′23″N 3°07′24″W / 53.373°N 3.1233°W / 53.373; -3.1233

Greasby (local /ˈɡrzbi/) is a large village on the Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England. It is part of the Greasby, Frankby & Irby Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and is situated in the parliamentary constituency of Wirral West. At the 2001 Census, Greasby had 9,830 inhabitants,[1] with the total population of the ward at 14,667.[2]

History[edit]

The restored pump, on the corner of Pump Lane.

The earliest known human settlement in Merseyside has been found at Greasby, dating from approximately 7000 BC. A rectangular floor of sandstone slabs and pebbles suggests regular use by the nomadic hunters of that period.[3] National Museums Liverpool archaeologists excavated the site between 1987 and 1990.[4]

Greasby was an Anglo Saxon settlement, as witnessed by the form of the name, Gravesberie, in the Domesday Book.[5] Gravesberie derives from the Old English gräf and burh, recorded as meaning a "stronghold by a grove, trench, canal or wood". The name was Scandinavianised to Greasby, under the influence of Old Norse speakers in Wirral (gräf and býr,[6] with býr meaning "settlement" or "farmstead").[7]

Prior to the Norman conquest of England in 1066, Greasby was owned by a man named Dunning. He was an official (bailiff or steward) for the earls of Mercia. After the invasion, all land in the area passed to Hugh d'Avranches.[8] By the time of the Domesday Book (1086), Greasby was under the ownership of Nigel de Burcy.[5]

After the Second World War the area expanded considerably, with significant residential development across previously agricultural land. This has resulted in Greasby becoming contiguous with the nearby settlements of Moreton, Upton and Woodchurch.[9]

Civic history[edit]

Greasby was formerly a township situated mainly in West Kirby Parish, Wirral Hundred. The population was 123 in 1801, 177 in 1851, 290 in 1901 and 4,367 in 1951.[10]

From 1866 Greasby was part of Wirral Rural Sanitary District, which was replaced in 1894 by Wirral Rural District. In 1933 the village transferred to Hoylake Urban District.[11]

Geography[edit]

Greasby is bounded by Arrowe Brook, at Upton Meadow, and by Greasby Brook which flows around the western and northern sides of Greasby. Greasby Brook merges into Arrowe Brook between Greasby and Saughall Massie, which becomes a tributary of the Birket.

Government[edit]

The village is part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in the metropolitan county of Merseyside. The village is part of the parliamentary constituency of Wirral West. The current Member of Parliament is Esther McVey, a Conservative representative.

Greasby is also part of a local government ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, this being Greasby, Frankby and Irby Ward. Greasby is represented on Wirral Metropolitan Borough Council by three councillors. These are Tom Anderson, Wendy Clements and Mike Hornby, who are all Conservative councillors.[12] The most recent local elections took place on 22 May 2014.

Confirmed candidates for United Kingdom local elections, 2014[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tom ANDERSON 1687 18.85
Conservative Wendy CLEMENTS 2193 24.5
Liberal Democrat John Peter CRESSWELL 749 8.37
UKIP Laurence Cresswell JONES 809 9.04
Labour Julie MCMANUS 1186 13.25
Green Cathy PAGE 412 4.6
Liberal Democrat Peter Timothy Clifford REISDORF 1076 12.02
Labour Lee Anthony RUSHWORTH 838 9.36

The electorate numbered 11,501, there was a turnout of 43% and the majority is 1007. The result was declared at 12:17.[14]

Economy[edit]

Shops on Greasby Road

The village contains a Post Office, a branch of The Co-operative Food, a Boots pharmacy, a branch of Age UK, a William Hill bookmaker and a BP petrol station. A Sainsbury's Local convenience store was opened on 8 October 2014, along with a veterinary surgery which opened on 6 October 2014.[15][16] These were opened in new retail units, after many parts of the local community opposed the construction of the new building.[16][17] Greasby also has a number of other small shops including a butchers, florist, greengrocer's, estate agents and a number of fast food takeaways.

Community[edit]

Schools[edit]

Greasby has four primary schools. Greasby Infant School,[18] Greasby Junior School,[19] Our Lady of Pity Primary School[20] and Brookdale Primary School.

Churches[edit]

Greasby has three churches, these being St. Nicholas' Church of England,[21] the Our Lady Of Pity Catholic Church,[22] and Greasby Methodist Church.[23]

Leisure[edit]

The village has a library[24] and a community centre. These buildings are centrally situated and close together, along with the health centre. The Greasby Centre is a purpose-built single-storey building which has two halls.[25] This was built as Greasby Community Centre in 1984, and replaced an older building on Arrowe Road.[25] The 2nd Greasby Scout Group is also within the village, having been established in 1954.[26][27]

Public Houses[edit]

The Coach and Horses Inn, Greasby

There are five public houses in Greasby. The Coach and Horses is possibly the oldest pub, which was definitely in business by 1832, having been named on the Bryant map of that year, and possibly dating as far back as 1725.[28] The Red Cat was built in 1964 to replace the New Inn which had stood a few metres from the site of the present building since at least 1849.[28][29] The Twelfth Man opened around 1960 and was named as a result of its proximity to Upton cricket club.[28] This pub has an adjoining budget hotel which is part of the Premier Inn chain.[30] The Greave Dunning was an 18th-century farmhouse, and it was opened as a pub in 1981.[28] Ellies Bistro is a wine bar which opened in 2006.

Parks and Commons[edit]

Coronation Park is situated at the eastern end of the village. Upton Meadow borders Greasby to the east. Meanwhile, Arrowe Park borders to the south-east.

Sport[edit]

JFC Greasby are a youth football club based in Greasby, which was founded in 2009.[31] Greasby Livery caters for dressage and showjumping.[32] The community centre also has a karate club.[33] Greasby FC were a small football club, which played in the West Cheshire League between 1951 and 1958.[34]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Greasby is situated on the B5139, which runs between Upton and West Kirby.[35] The A5027 Upton bypass is along the eastern side of Greasby, at the junction with the B5139.[35] The A5027 connects directly to Junction 2A of the M53 motorway[36] approximately 0.62 miles (1 km) from the junction with the B5139.

Bus[edit]

Services operating in the Greasby area, as of December 2008:

Number Route Operator Days of Operation
22/24 West Kirby-Chester Avon Buses Monday-Saturday
N37 Hoylake-Liverpool Arriva North West Saturday night/Sunday mornings
123/123A Greasby-Santa's Grotto Avon Buses 25 December
83/83A West Kirby/Greasby-Birkenhead Avon Buses Monday-Saturday
129' Frankby-Liscard ACE Travel Sundays
186 Eastham Ferry-Leasowe Avon Buses Evenings and Sundays
293 West Kirby-Woodside A1A Travel Evenings and Sundays
420 West Kirby-Liverpool Arriva North West Monday-Friday mornings
437 West Kirby-Liverpool Arriva North West Monday-Sunday

Notable People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wirral 2001 Census: Greasby, Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, archived from the original on 29 September 2007, retrieved 10 July 2010 
  2. ^ 2001 Census: Greasby, Frankby & Irby, Office for National Statistics, retrieved 12 May 2007 
  3. ^ Dargie, Richard (2007), A History of Britain, Arcturus Publishing, p. 11, ISBN 978-0-572-03342-2 
  4. ^ Prehistoric Merseyside: Greasby, Wirral, National Museums Liverpool, retrieved 18 March 2008 
  5. ^ a b Cheshire A-K, The Domesday Book Online, retrieved 7 December 2007 
  6. ^ What's In A Name? - Greasby, National Museums Liverpool, retrieved 9 June 2010 
  7. ^ Sulley, Philip (1889), The Hundred of Wirral 
  8. ^ Curtis, Mike, History of Greasby village, retrieved 7 December 2007 
  9. ^ Roberts, Stephen J. (2002), A History of Wirral, Phillimore & Co. Ltd., pp. 140, 180, ISBN 978-1-86077-512-3 
  10. ^ Cheshire Towns & Parishes: Greasby, GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy, retrieved 1 May 2008 
  11. ^ Relationships / unit history of Greasby, A Vision Of Britain Through Time (University of Portsmouth), retrieved 9 June 2010 
  12. ^ "Your Councillors by Ward". Wirral Borough Council. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Election Result for 22 May 2014". Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Election Result for Greasby, Frankby and Irby ward on 22 May 2014". Wirral Borough Council. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "Latest information around the community". The Greasby Centre. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  16. ^ a b "The Red Cat, Greasby". Strategic Team Group. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  17. ^ Manning, Craig (5 October 2012). "Villagers' fury as Government rules Sainsbury's can build in Greasby". Wirral Globe (Newsquest (North West) Ltd). Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  18. ^ "Welcome to Greasby Infant School". Greasby Infant School. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  19. ^ "Home". Greasby Junior School. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  20. ^ "Welcome to our school". Our Lady of Pity Roman Catholic Primary School. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  21. ^ "St Nicholas, Greasby". A Church Near You. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  22. ^ "Our Lady of Pity". Catholic Directory. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  23. ^ "Home". Greasby Methodist Church. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  24. ^ "Greasby Library". Wirral Borough Council. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  25. ^ a b "The Greasby Centre - what we offer". The Greasby Centre. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  26. ^ "2nd Greasby Scout Group". West Wirral Scouts. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  27. ^ Oakley, Nicola (15 July 2014). "Esther McVey: There was lots to cheer about in Wirral over the weekend". Wirral News (Trinity Mirror Merseyside). Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  28. ^ a b c d "Pubs in Greasby". Greasby on the Wirral peninsula. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  29. ^ "New Inn". Greasby on the Wirral peninsula. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  30. ^ "The Twelfth Man". pub-explorer.com. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  31. ^ "About Us". JFC Greasby. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  32. ^ "Greasby Hall Farm". greasbyshow.co.uk. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  33. ^ "The Greasby Centre - what's on during the week". The Greasby Centre. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  34. ^ "Greasby". Football Club History Database. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  35. ^ a b "B5139". Sabre. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  36. ^ "A5027". Sabre. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 

External links[edit]