Great Britain at the 1900 Summer Olympics

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Great Britain at the Olympic Games

Flag of the United Kingdom
IOC code  GBR
NOC British Olympic Association
Website www.olympics.org.uk
At the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris
Competitors 102 in 14 sports
Medals Gold
15
Silver
6
Bronze
9
Total
30
Olympic history (summary)
Summer Games
Winter Games
Intercalated Games
1906

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland competed as Great Britain at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. It was the second appearance of the European nation, after having participated in the inaugural 1896 Games. In Olympic competition, the nation has always shortened its official name to Great Britain rather than the more common United Kingdom seen elsewhere.

Medallists[edit]

Gold[edit]

Additionally, British athletes were part of three mixed teams to win gold medals.

Silver[edit]

Additionally, British athletes were part of two mixed teams to win silver medals.

Bronze[edit]

  • George Saint Ashe - rowing, single sculls
  • Reginald Doherty - tennis, men's singles
  • Edward Hore - sailing, 10-20 ton
  • Peter Kemp - swimming, men's 200 metre obstacle event
  • Patrick Leahy - athletics, long jump
  • Arthur Norris - tennis, men's singles
  • David Donaldson Robertson - golf, men's 36 holes
  • Sidney Robinson - athletics, 4000 metre steeplechase
  • Harold Mahoney and Arthur Norris - tennis, men's doubles

Additionally, British athletes were part of three mixed teams to win bronze medals (two in mixed doubles tennis and one in polo).

Results by event[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Great Britain took 4 gold medals in athletics, including one as part of a mixed team (with 4 British athletes and one Australian). This put them second on the leaderboard for that sport, behind the dominant United States as the two nations to win multiple gold medals in the sport. The British team won a total of 9 athletics medals including a sweep of the 4000 metre steeplechase event. 9 athletes competed in 10 events.

Event Place Athlete Heat Final
800 metres 1st Alfred Tysoe Unknown
2nd, heat 1
2:01.2
1500 metres 1st Charles Bennett None held 4:06.0
7th-9th John Rimmer Unknown
2500 metre steeplechase 2nd Sidney Robinson None held 7:38.0
4000 metre steeplechase 1st John Rimmer None held 12:58.4
2nd Charles Bennett 12:58.6
3rd Sidney Robinson 12:58.8
Marathon E. Ion Pool None held Did not finish
Frederick Randall Did not finish
William Saward Did not finish
Event Place Team / Athlete Score / Time
5000 metre team race 1st Great Britain Great Britain / Australia Australia 26 points
1st Charles Bennett 1 point
15:29.2
2nd John Rimmer 2 points
Unknown
6th Sidney Robinson 6 points
Unknown
7th Alfred Tysoe 7 points
Unknown
10th Stan Rowley (AUS) 10 points
Did not finish
Event Place Athlete Qualifier Final
Long jump 3rd Patrick Leahy 6.710 metres
5th
6.950 metres
Triple jump 4th Patrick Leahy None held Unknown
High jump 2nd Patrick Leahy None held 1.78 metres
Discus throw 11th Launceston Elliot 31.00 metres
11th
Did not advance

Cricket[edit]

Great Britain was represented by the Devon and Somerset Wanderers in cricket in 1900. The team won the only match, a 2-day 12-man contest, by 158 runs.

Event Place Cricketers Final
2-day
12-man
1st Devon and Somerset Wanderers
C.B.K. Beachcroft (captain), Arthur Birkett, Alfred Bowerman, George Buckley,
Francis Burchell, Frederick Christian, Harry Corner, Frederick Cuming,
William Donne, Alfred Powlesland, John Symes, Montagu Toller
Won
vs. France
by 158 runs

Fencing[edit]

Great Britain first competed in fencing at the Olympics in the sport's second appearance. The nation sent one fencer.

Event Place Fencer Round 1 Quarterfinals Repechage Semifinals Final
Masters foil 44-60 Eugène Plisson Not advanced
by jury
Did not advance

Football[edit]

Upton Park F.C. represented Great Britain in the football competition. The club squad won its only match, against Club Française, 4-0.

Event Place Players Match 1 Match 2
Men's football 1st Upton Park F.C.
James Jones; Claude Buckenham, William Gosling; Alfred Chalk, T. E. Burridge, William Quash; Arthur Turner, F. G. Spackman, J. Nicholas, Jack Zealley, A. Haslam (captain)
Won vs.
Club Française
4-0

Golf[edit]

Great Britain was one of four nations to compete in the first Olympic golf events. The British golfers took the silver and bronze medals in the men's competition, making Great Britain the only nation other than the United States to win a golfing medal that year.

Event Place Golfer Score
Men's
(36 holes)
2nd Walter Rutherford 168
3rd David Donaldson Robertson 175
6th George Thorne 185
7th William Bathurst Dove 186

Gymnastics[edit]

Great Britain's second Olympic gymnastics appearance was no more successful than the nation's first, resulting in no medals.

Event Place Gymnast Score
Combined 31 William Connor 250
43 Broadbeck 245
54 Pearce 238
73 Phillips 222
124 Hiatt 172

Polo[edit]

Great Britain was one of four nations to compete in the first Olympic polo event. British athletes played on three of the five teams, two of which included American players while the third included French players. The mixed American/British combinations took the top two places, while the French/British team took third place.

Event Place Team Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Men's polo 1st Foxhunters Hurlingham
John Beresford
Denis St. George Daly
Alfred Rawlinson
2 American players
Won 10-0 vs.
Compiègne (FRA)
Won 6-4 vs.
Bagatelle (FRA/GBR)
Won 3-1 vs.
Rugby (GBR/USA)
2nd BLO Polo Club Rugby
Walter Buckmaster
Frederick Freake
Jean de Madre
1 American player
Bye Won 8-0 vs.
Mexico (MEX)
Lost 3-1 vs.
Foxhunters (GBR/USA)
3rd Bagatelle Polo Club de Paris
Frederick Agnew Gill
3 French players
Bye Lost 6-4 vs.
Foxhunters (GBR/USA)
Did not advance

Rowing[edit]

Britain had a single rower present at the first Olympic rowing contests, winning the bronze medal in the single sculls event.

Event Place Boat Round 1 Semifinals Final
Single sculls 3rd George Saint Ashe 6:38.8
1st, heat 1
8:37.2
3rd, semifinal 1
8:15.6

Rugby[edit]

Britain was one of three teams to compete in the first Olympic rugby games. Britain lost its only game, against France. The game against Germany was cancelled due to travel plans.

Event Place Team Match 1 Match 2 Match 3
Men's rugby 2nd Moseley Wanderers
F. C. Baylis, J. Henry Birtles, James Cantion, Arthur Darby, Clement Deykin, L. Hood, M. L. Logan, H. A. Loveitt, Herbert Nicol, V. Smith, M. W. Talbott, J. G. Wallis, Claude Whittindale, Raymond Whittindale, Francis Wilson
Lost 27-8
vs. France
Cancelled
vs. Germany

Sailing[edit]

Great Britain matched France in gold medals at the 1900 sailing events with 5, but took only 1 other medal, a bronze. France took 8 silvers and 8 bronzes for a total of 21 medals to Britain's 6. However, even a perfect performance by the British athletes would have earned only a total of 8 medals—Great Britain failed to medal in only 2 of its attempts. The crew members listed are those listed by the IOC in their database. The Olympic historian Ian Buchanan in his book "British Olympians" (1991) states that "reports on many aspects of the 1900 regatta are inconclusive and the crew members of the British entry "Scotia" has never been positively settled. The records of the British Olympic Association give the crew as Lorne Currie, John Gretton and Linton Hope, but it has been established that Linton Hope was in England at the time of the races and his name only appears in the Olympic records as he was the designer of the "Scotia". Similarly the names of Currie and Gretton are probably only listed as the owners of the boat but as it is possible that they sailed their boat, they are listed as Olympic champions, although the participation of Lorne Currie, in particular, is in doubt. The one crew member whose participation has been established is Algernon Maudslay, whose name does not appear in any Olympic records, but from contemporary press reports it is clear that he was the helmsman of the "Scotia"".

Event Place Sailors Time (total)
½-1 ton class 1st Lorne Currie
John Gretton, 1st Baron Gretton
Linton Hope
Algernon Maudslay
3:29:45
2-3 ton class
race 1
1st E. William Exshaw
Frédéric Blanchy (FRA)
Jacques le Lavasseur (FRA)
2:17:30
2-3 ton class
race 2
1st E. William Exshaw
Frédéric Blanchy (FRA)
Jacques le Lavasseur (FRA)
4:17:34
3-10 ton class 1st Edward Hore
H. N. Jefferson
J. Howard Taylor
4:14:58
Event Place Sailors Race 1 Race 2 Race 3 Overall
10-20 ton class 3rd Edward Hore 4:20:18
3rd, 8 points
3:41:49
1st, 10 points
Did not finish
6th, 5 points
23 points
5th S. M. Mellor 4:25:48
5th, 6 points
3:53:17
5th, 6 points
3:36:02
4th, 7 points
19 points
Event Place Sailor Time
Open class 1st Lorne Currie
John Gretton, 1st Baron Gretton
Linton Hope
Algernon Maudslay
5:56:17
E. William Exshaw
Frédéric Blanchy (FRA)
Jacques le Lavasseur (FRA)
Did not finish

Shooting[edit]

Great Britain was represented by one shooter in its second appearance. Merlin, who had competed for Great Britain four years earlier, competed again. He tied for 7th in the trap shooting event.

Event Place Shooter Score
Trap shooting 7th Sidney Merlin 12

Swimming[edit]

Event Place Swimmer Semifinals Final
Men's 200 metre
freestyle
4th Robert Crawshaw 2:40.0
2nd, semifinal 1
2:45.6
6th F. Stapleton 2:47.0
2nd, semifinal 5
2:55.0
11th Peter Kemp 2:51.0
2nd, semifinal 2
Did not advance
Men's 1000 metre
freestyle
1st John Jarvis 14:28.6
1st, semifinal 1
13:40.2
10th Thomas Burgess 16:54.0
2nd, semifinal 4
Did not finish
Men's 4000 metre
freestyle
1st John Jarvis 1:01:48.4
1st, semifinal 1
58:24.0
4th Thomas Burgess 1:15:04.8
2nd, semifinal 1
1:15:07.6
8th William Henry 1:22:58.4
3rd, semifinal 2
Did not finish
18th E. T. Jones Did not finish
semifinal 3
Did not advance
Men's 200 metre
backstroke
5th Thomas Burgess 3:50.4
3rd, semifinal 1
3:12.0
9th Robert Crawshaw 3:15.0
2nd, semifinal 1
Did not finish
Men's 200 metre
obstacle event
3rd Peter Kemp 3:12.0
1st, semifinal 3
2:47.4
5th F. Stapleton 3:18.4
3rd, semifinal 1
2:55.0
6th William Henry 3:14.4
2nd, semifinal 2
2:58.0

Tennis[edit]

Event Place Player Round of 16 Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Men's singles 1st Lawrence Doherty Won
6-2, 6-3
Won
6-2, 8-6
Won
walkover[1]
Won
6-2, 6-4, 6-3
2nd Harold Mahony Won
6-2, 6-3
Bye Won
8-6, 6-1
Lost
6-2, 6-4, 6-3
3rd Reginald Doherty Won
6-1, 6-3
Won
6-2, 6-1
Lost
walkover[1]
Did not advance
Arthur Norris Won
6-4, 6-4
Won
6-4, 6-2
Lost
8-6, 6-1
5th Archibald Warden Bye Lost
6-4, 6-2
Did not advance
Women's singles 1st Charlotte Cooper None held Won
6-2, 6-0
Won
6-2, 7-5
Won
6-1, 6-4
Men's doubles 1st Lawrence Doherty
Reginald Doherty
None held Won
6-2, 6-3
Won
6-4, 6-1, 6-4
Won
6-1, 6-1, 6-0
3rd Harold Mahony
Arthur Norris
Won
6-8, 6-1, 6-8
Lost
6-4, 6-1, 6-4
Did not advance
5th Archibald Warden
Charles Sands (USA)
Lost
6-8, 6-3, 7-5
Did not advance
Mixed doubles 1st Reginald Doherty
Charlotte Cooper
None held Bye Won
6-2, 6-4
Won
6-2, 6-4
2nd Harold Mahony
Hélène Prévost (FRA)
Bye Won
6-3, 6-0
Lost
6-2, 6-4
3rd Lawrence Doherty
Marion Jones (USA)
Won
6-1, 7-5
Lost
6-2, 6-4
Did not advance
Archibald Warden
Hedwiga Rosenbaumová (Bohemia
Won
6-3, 3-6, 6-2
Lost
6-3, 6-0

Water polo[edit]

The British water polo team won gold easily. The roster listed is that credited with gold medals by the IOC; the actual competition roster may have differed with up to five of the listed players not actually playing.[2] One British player (Thomas William Burgess) played on a French team that won a bronze medal, as well, but the IOC credits that appearance to France and not Great Britain or a mixed team.

Event Place Team Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Men's water polo 1st Osborne Swimming Club
Thomas Coe, John Henry Derbyshire, Peter Kemp, William Lister, Arthur G. Robertson, Eric Robinson, George Wilkinson
Won
12-0
Won
10-1
Won
7-2

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Reginald and Lawrence Doherty refused to play each other prior to the final. Since they were seeded in such a way that they would face each other in the semifinals, Reginald withdrew, accepting a bronze medal while Lawrence went on to win gold.
  2. ^ Sports-Reference