Great Bromley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Bromley (disambiguation).
Great Bromley
St. George; the parish church of Great Bromley - geograph.org.uk - 810098.jpg
St. George, Great Bromley
Great Bromley is located in Essex
Great Bromley
Great Bromley
 Great Bromley shown within Essex
OS grid reference TM083262
District Tendring
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Colchester
Postcode district CO7 7
Dialling code 01206
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament North Essex
List of places
UK
England
Essex

Coordinates: 51°53′43″N 1°01′34″E / 51.89540°N 1.02600°E / 51.89540; 1.02600

Great Bromley is a village and civil parish in the Tendring district of Essex. It lies 6 kilometres (4 mi) south of Manningtree and 9 kilometres (6 mi) east of Colchester and includes the hamlets of Balls Green and Hare Green. The A120 trunk road (with the A133 as a spur off it) cuts right through the middle of the parish.

History[edit]

Ancient burial mounds have been found in and around Great Bromley.

The village church dates from the 14th and 15th centuries and is dedicated to Saint George but is sometimes referred to as the "Cathedral of the Tendring Hundred."

The village and the surrounding area, like much of East Anglia, had residents who were seething with Puritan sentiment during the early and middle years of the 17th century. By 1635, brothers Gregory and Simon Stone had departed for the Massachusetts Bay Colony as part of the wave of emigration that occurred during the Great Migration. They settled in Cambridge and Watertown, Massachusetts respectively.[1]

Great Bromley Hall (now known as the Seven Rivers Cheshire home) was the ancestral seat of the Mannock family and dates to before the 17th century. One of the notable residents of the great home was Sir Thomas Bowles who was the Justice of the Peace for Essex during much of the 17th century. In that capacity, he was involved in the county response to the witchcraft hysteria that was then sweeping the populace and he dealt with those accused of witchcraft harshly. His son Paul Bowes achieved some degree of fame when he posthumously edited and published the journals associated with his uncle, Sir Simonds d'Ewes, a noted antiquarian. The work was published as "Journals of all the Parliaments during the Reign of Queen Elizabeth."

It is not known whether Great Bromley suffered any damage during World War II but the village was situated in the militarily precarious position of being more or less on the boundary between two Groups of Fighter Command (the 11th and 12th). More specifically between the sectors known as Debden and Northweald.[2] There was an RAF chain home low station and the site was known as RAF Bromley. Bombs were dropped by the Germans during the early part of the war when they were attempting to disrupt radar activity. This was abandoned when bombing seemed to have little effect on any part of the chain system. Ventor on the Isle of Wight was disabled for several days but this was covered up by the British forces installing a portable transmitter working on the same frequency. many of the above and below ground bunkers are still present. The wooden receiving towers have gone but one of the 315 ft steel tower remains. A guardhouse can still be seen on the radar site and also at the entrance to Hamilton lodge in the main village opposite the village hall.

In 2005, a motorist was shot in the back with a longbow during an apparent ambush on a country lane near Great Bromley. The man had stopped to help a woman who was crouching near a parked van, who later turned out to be the longbowman's accomplice. As the man approached the woman, he was shot in the back from 20 feet away, but was able to escape. The longbowman and his female assistant were never caught.[3]

Today[edit]

In 2006, the church of St. George received a £2,000 grant from the Friends of Essex Churches Trust to repair the building's windows.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson, Roger, Mobility & Migration, East Anglian Founders of New England, 1629-1640, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.
  2. ^ Smurthwaite, David, Battlefields of Britain, The Complete Illustrated Guide, New York: Congdon & Weed, Inc., 1984, 210.
  3. ^ The Sun

External links[edit]

Great Bromley Village Hall