The synagogue was built 1895 and reconstructed in 1915. Gabriel Jakob Rozenberg and Wladimir Gorazjewitsch Ginzburg, two merchants, financed the building. It was built in an Aesopian style. In 1929, the synagogue was closed and the building was converted into a stable. The building was further defiled during World War II by the Nazis.
In 1945, the building was again used as a synagogue. In 1992, Yaakov Bleich was appointed rabbi of the Jewish community of Kiev and chief rabbi of Ukraine.