Great Coxwell

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Great Coxwell
Cottages Great Coxwell Geograph-2298175-by-Gareth-James.jpg
Cottages in Great Coxwell
Great Coxwell is located in Oxfordshire
Great Coxwell
Great Coxwell
 Great Coxwell shown within Oxfordshire
Population 274 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU270935
Civil parish Great Coxwell
District Vale of White Horse
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Faringdon
Postcode district SN7
Dialling code 01367
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Wantage
Website Great Coxwell Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°38′20″N 1°36′29″W / 51.639°N 1.608°W / 51.639; -1.608

Great Coxwell is a village and civil parish about 2 miles (3 km) southwest of Faringdon in the Vale of White Horse, England. It was in Berkshire until the 1974 boundary changes transferred it to Oxfordshire.[2]

The village stands on the Corallian limestone beds on the northern slope of the Vale of White Horse.

History[edit]

The Domesday Book of 1086 records that King Harold held the manor before the Norman Conquest of England. In 1205 the manor was granted to Beaulieu Abbey, which held it until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. In 1540 the manor was bought by Thomas Morris, whose descendants sold it in 1638 to the Pratt family.

Church[edit]

St Giles church, Great Coxwell

The Church of England parish church of Saint Giles is on a ridge at the south end of the village.[3] Parts of the church date from about 1200.[4] The west tower was added in the 15th century.[5] The tower has a ring of five bells.[5] Three were cast in 1738: two including the tenor bell by Henry Bagley of Chacombe.[5] Another was cast by James Wells of Aldbourne, Wiltshire in 1824, and the tenor bell was cast by Mears and Stainbank in 1911.[5] The bells are currently unringable.[6]

The churchyard is now managed as a wildlife area. It contains over 100 species of wildflower, including the rare wild clary (Salvia verbenaca).[7]

Great Coxwell Barn[edit]

Main article: Great Coxwell Barn

On the northern edge of the village is a large 14th century tithe barn, built for Beaulieu Abbey to store the crop of its monastic grange. The barn is now in the care of the National Trust.

Badbury Hill[edit]

Main article: Badbury Hill

Badbury Hill is in the north of the parish. There is an Iron Age hill fort on its summit, and there is ancient woodland on its slopes. The hill is in the care of the National Trust.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: Vale of White Horse (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Arnold-Baker, C. (1973). Local Government Act 1972. Butterworths. 
  3. ^ Ford, David Nash. "St Giles, Great Coxwell". Royal Berkshire History. 
  4. ^ Pevsner 1966, p. 147.
  5. ^ a b c d Page & Ditchfield 1924, pp. 487–489.
  6. ^ Vale of the White Horse Branch: Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers: Branch Towers
  7. ^ "St Giles Church, Great Coxwell". Faringdon on line. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Great Coxwell at Wikimedia Commons