Great Indonesia Movement Party
|Great Indonesia Movement Party|
|Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya|
|Founded||6 February 2008|
|Presidential candidate||Prabowo Subianto (2014)|
|Politics of Indonesia
The Great Indonesia Movement Party (Indonesian: Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya, Gerindra) is a political party in Indonesia. The party has nominated former Indonesian Army Strategic Reserve Command and Indonesian special forces commander  Lieutenant General Prabowo Subianto as its presidential candidate.
Prabowo only resigned from the Golkar Party in July 2008, and the provincial level election teams were formed as recently as February 2009. The party claims a membership of approximately 15 million, with the party's base of support across Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi. The idea for the party name came from Prabowo's younger brother, Hashim Djojohadikusumo, who helped pay for Gerindra's prime-time TV advertising campaign.
The party almost tripled its popularity from the 2009 election (4.5% of the vote) to receiving 11.81% of the vote in the national legislative election on 9 April 2014, making it the third most popular party in Indonesia. Furthermore, Gerindra almost tripled the number of seats it won from 26 seats in 2009 to 73 seats in 2014.
- 1 Party Platform
- 2 Election results
- 3 References
The party has a 6-point action program for 2014-2019:
- Build an economy that is strong, sovereign, fair and prosperous.
- Implement a social economic system.
- Develop food and energy sovereignty and secure water resources.
- Improve the quality of human development in Indonesia through education, health, social, cultural and sports programs.
- Build infrastructure and preserve nature and the environment.
- Build a government that is free of corruption, strong, resolute and effective.
The party website provides more details of the party's beliefs:
The party will work to reform the Indonesian political system so it is in accordance with the 1945 Constitution. The party believes that the post-reform political structure has moved too close to liberal democracy, and needs to be corrected to become democracy guided by the wisdom of the leadership in deliberations among deputies. Gerindra believes that Indonesia needs strong leadership.
Economic policy must be in support of a welfare state that is just. Economic policy should return to a society-based economic system.
Jobs must be created so unemployment can be reduced. The party proposes a pro-farmer development policy that will address systemic poverty and protect farmers from marginalization brought about by development.
Agriculture, Fisheries and Maritime Affairs
Economic development should be focused on the development of agriculture. The fishing and maritime sector also has a large workforce and has huge potential to become a major contributor to national development, so there must also be a focus on fishermen.
The Environment and Forests
Global warming is an important issue. The lack of infrastructure and lack of awareness about environmental conservation gave led to Indonesia being the nation with the most rapid destruction of forests. Therefore there must be proper management of the forests and seas to prevent damaging exploitation.
Social Affairs, Culture and Education
Given that globalization has been marked by the entry of foreign culture, Indonesia must strengthen and preserve its own culture. The party supports the increase of education spending to 20% of the state budget.
There must be reforms of the legal system. There are too many law enforcement agencies with resulting overlaps in authority. There needs to be a simplification so there is justice and equality before the law.
The state respects the loyalty of citizens towards the state. Citizens should respect their oaths towards the state as an organization and should respect the rights of the state. The state respects the rights of the people in accordance with the law. Law and humanity should not be seen as two separate things, and therefore human rights courts are an excess.
Defense and Security
There must be modernization of military equipment and increased professionalism of the Indonesian military. The Gerindra Party will work for the development of a national defense industry.
The party supports a free and active foreign policy. It believes that the end of the cold war has not resulted in the United States as the only superpower and that Russia under Vladimir Putin has restored respect for Russia's economy and military. Indonesia must play a role in the new international era.
The party does not want regional autonomy to threaten national integrity, and will reexamine relevant laws to ensure this. The party is committed to freedom of religion and the rights of women, who comprise the majority of Indonesia citizens.
Legislative election results
|Election||Total seats won||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Election leader|
|2009||4,642,795||4.46%||26 seats, Opposition||Prabowo Subianto|
|2014||14,760,371||11.81%||47 seats, Opposition (Gerindra-Golkar-Demokrat-PPP-PKS-PAN)||Prabowo Subianto|
Presidential election results
|Election||Candidate||Running mate||1st round
|Share of votes||Outcome||2nd round
|Share of votes||Outcome|
|2014||Prabowo Subianto||Hatta Rajasa||62,576,444||46.85||Lost|
- "Current Data on the Indonesian Military Elite: January 1, 1998-January 31, 1999," Indonesia, No. 67 (Apr., 1999), pp. 136-137 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3351380
- http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2008/07/14/prabowo-nominated-presidential-candidate-gerindra-party.html Jakarta Post: Prabowo nominated as presidential candidate by Gerindra Party (accessed 8/4/09)
- Tempo magazine No. 0931/March 31-April 06, 2009, pp28-29
- http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southeast_Asia/KC31Ae01.html Asia Times Online: Indonesia's dark-horse candidate(accessed 20/7/08)
- Indonesian General Election Commission website Official Election Results
- Indonesian General Election Commission website KPU Ubah Perolehan Kursi Parpol di DPR (KPU Changes Allocations of Parties' seats in the DPR (15 May 2009)) Access date 2009-05-24 (indonesian)
- KPU Successfully Set and Authorize Pileg Results On Time (10 May 2014) Access date 2014-05-25
- "6 Program Aksi Tranformasi Bangsa Partai Gerindra (2014-2019) (Gerindra Party's 6 Action programs to Transform the Nation (2014-2019))". Gerindra Party website (in Indonesian). Gerindra Party. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
- "Manifesto Perjuangan Partai Gerindra (Gerindra Manifesto)". Gerindra Party website (in Indonesian). Gerindra Party. Retrieved 8 April 2014.