Great Japan Youth Party

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Great Japan Youth Party
大日本青年党
Dai-Nippon Seinen-tō
Leader Colonel Kingoro Hashimoto
Founded October 17, 1937
Dissolved 1945
Headquarters Tokyo, Empire of Japan
Ideology Fascism, Japanese nationalism
Mother party Imperial Rule Assistance Association
Rally of Great Japan Youth Party in 1940
Hashimoto in uniform of Great Japan Youth Party
Pin from 15th meeting of Great Japan Youth Party

The Great Japan Youth Party (大日本青年党 Dai-Nippon Seinen-tō?), later known as the Great Japan Sincerity Association (大日本赤誠会 Dai Nippon Sekisei-kai?),[1] was a nationalist youth organization in the Empire of Japan modeled after Nazi Germany's Hitler Youth.[2][3] It was active from 1937 until its dissolution in 1945.

History[edit]

The Dai-Nippon Seinento was a youth organization founded by ultranationalist activist Colonel Kingoro Hashimoto on October 17, 1937, following Hashimoto's temporary forced retirement from military service due to his involvement in the failed February 26 attempted coup d'etat against the government.[4][5]

Hashimoto modeled the organization after the Hitler Youth of Nazi Germany, even to the extent of using a light brown color for member’s uniforms, and the adoption of a red banner with a white circle in the center as the party banner. The first party rally was held on the grounds of Meiji Shrine in downtown Tokyo, with approximately 600 members.

The stated aim of the party was to teach Japanese youth basic survival skills, first aid, life skills, cultural lessons, traditions and basic weapons training. However, Hashimoto's primary intent was to create an idealistic young cadre of supporters for the Imperial Way Faction and its nationalist and militarist doctrines.

During the third party rally, held in Hibiya Park, Tokyo with some 2000 members in November 1939, Hashimoto expressed his support for the upcoming Tripartite Alliance with Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, and for a one-party system of government in Japan. He also set the ambitious goal of growing party membership to 100,000 members by the end of 1940.

However, with increased military conscription due to the Second Sino-Japanese War and subsequently with the Pacific War, most of his target age group was being drafted into the Japanese military, and the party fell far short of its goals. Although not specifically a “political party” per se, the Great Japan Youth Party fell under the overall aegis of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association organized by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe from October 1940.

Unable to achieve his goals in Japan, and sidelined by actions of the government, Hashimoto returned to Manchukuo in late 1940, where he attempted to create another local youth organization similar to the Great Japan Youth Party among the Japanese settler population, with an equal lack of success.

By the end of World War II, the Great Japan Youth Party had devolved into little more than a defunct youth wing of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and was dissolved along with that organization by order of the American occupation authorities.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ando, Nisuke; Priscilla Mary Roberts (1991). Surrender, Occupation, and Private Property in International Law. Oxford University Press. ISBN 019825411 Check |isbn= value (help). 
  • Abend, Hallett; Priscilla Mary Roberts (2007). My Life in China 1926-1941. READ BOOKS. ISBN 1-4067-3966-9. 
  • Sims, Richard (2001). Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation 1868-2000. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23915-7. 
  • Tucker, Spencer; Priscilla Mary Roberts (2005). Encyclopedia of World War II: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57607-999-6. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ″Tucker, Encyclopedia of World War II: A Political, Social, and Military History. pp 666 [1]
  2. ^ Sims. Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp. 218 [2]
  3. ^ Abend. My Life in China 1926-1941. pp.274
  4. ^ Sims. Japanese Political History Since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp. 218 [3]
  5. ^ Abend. My Life in China 1926-1941. pp.274
  6. ^ Ando, Surrender, Occupation, and Private Property in International Law. pp. 170. [4]