Great Living Chola Temples

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Great Living Chola Temples
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Stone sculpture at Gangaikonda Cholapuram
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii
Reference 250
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1987 (11th Session)
Extensions 2004

The Great Living Chola Temples are temples built during the Chola rule in the south of India. These temples are the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, the Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram. The Brihadisvara Temple was declared by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1987; the Temple of Gangaikondacholisvaram and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram were added as extensions to the site in 2004. The site is now known as the "Great Living Chola Temples". [1][2]

Criteria for being "Great Living Chola Temples"[edit]

Criterion (i): The three Chola temples of Southern India represent an outstanding creative achievement in the architectural conception of the pure form of the dravida type of temple.
Criterion (ii): The Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur became the first great example of the Chola temples, followed by a development of which the other two properties also bear witness.
Criterion (iii): The three Great Chola Temples are an exceptional and the most outstanding testimony to the development of the architecture of the Chola Empire and the Tamil civilisation in Southern India.
Criterion (iv): The Great Chola temples at Thanjavur, at Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram are outstanding examples of the architecture and the representation of the Chola ideology.

Airavatesvara Temple[edit]

Main article: Airavatesvara Temple
A Dravidian architecture Pillar in Airavatesvara Temple, Darasuram @ Thanjavur district.
Airavateshwarar temple at Darasuram

Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Dravidian architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This temple, built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Great Living Chola Temples". World Heritage: Unesco.org. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  2. ^ "Great Living Chola Temples" (pdf). Unesco. Retrieved 2010-11-06. 
  3. ^ Great Living Chola Temples - UNESCO World Heritage Centre

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°46′59″N 79°07′57″E / 10.78306°N 79.13250°E / 10.78306; 79.13250