Great Lumley shown within County Durham
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Great Lumley|
|Unitary authority||County Durham|
|Ceremonial county||County Durham|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||Chester le Street|
|Fire||County Durham and Darlington|
|EU Parliament||North East England|
The Lumley Family, East and West Halls
The village of Great Lumley was formerly part of the Lumley family estate.
The Lumley family are descended from Ligulf of Lumley, an Anglo-Saxon noble who fled from the Normans in the South of England and found shelter in the dominions of St. Cuthbert. He married Algitha, granddaughter of Uhtred the Bold, Earl of Northumbria. Uhtred's wife was Ælfgifu, the youngest daughter of King Æthelred the Unready.
The long-ruined East Hall was the seat of the Lumley family before Lumley Castle was built, and is the supposed location of the murder of Ligulf by Bishop Walcher's officers after Ligulf complained to the Bishop of their cruelty. The Northumbrians, maddened by the loss of their protector soon murdered Bishop Walcher at Gateshead.
In the reign of Henry III, the estate passed to the descendants of three daughters. Margaret Lumley (wife of Christopher Moresby) died leaving her lands (East and West Hall ruins plus 100 acres (0.40 km2) of tillage land, 30 acres (120,000 m2) of wood, 30 acres (120,000 m2) of moor, fishery at the Wear) to her infant son Christopher Moresby. However, it is probable that the land reverted to the Lumley family following Christopher's death. In later generations, Thomas Lumley's daughter, Elizabeth, married William Tyllyoll and after William's death, the lands passed to Phillis Musgrave and Margaret Tyllyoll. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, Thomas Knevitt and the Musgraves parceled out the land to their tenants as freehold estates.
John Duck founded Lumley Hospital on Sep 29, 1686 for 12 people aged 60 and over. John Pots and 11 widows were incorporated as "The Brethren and Sisters of the Hospital"
Becoming part of the Lambton Estate
John Duck died in 1691, leaving his estates to his wife. She in turn left them to their nephew, James Nicholson of Rainton. James died in 1727, leaving all his estates to his three daughters. One of the daughters, Mary Nicholson, never married, and left her portion to her nephew, John Lyon, who by 1759 became the ninth Earl of Strathmore. Susan Lyon, John's sister, married John Lambton in 1763. Major General John Lambton was the Member of Parliament for Durham City from 1762 to 1787. He subsequently purchased the Lumley estate.
Coal mines (pits)
In the 19th century, with the nearby coal mines flourishing, the village grew from 696 people in 1801 to 2,301 people by 1831. As mining started to decline, so did the population, reduced to 1,730 people by 1851. In 1834 there were 411 houses, 8 public houses, two schools, and two chapels (one Old Methodist and one New Methodist).
At George Pit near Lumley on October 9, 1819, a gas explosion killed 13 men and boys, and hurt many others.
The village now contains one public house, the Old England. The Warriors Arms, an old public house, is currently for sale. Three churches are also situated in the village, along with two small supermarkets and several small independent stores. There is the Community Centre placed in the middle of the village, which now includes a gym, stage/theatre and is home to local charity, the IF U CARE SHARE foundation. The Community Centre now boasts their brand new "Community Cafe" open for tea and coffee as well as snacks and daily specials. The "Community Gym" as seen on Sky Sports News, is now open 7 days a week and new members are always welcome. The Community Centre is an ideal venue for any Corporate or Private functions and events.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Chester le Street Retrieved 2009-09-18
- http://books.google.com/books?id=SjhNAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA608 The history and antiquities of the county palatine of Durham: Volume 2 by William Fordyce, p608-12
- The history and antiquities of the county palatine of Durham, Volume 2 by William Hutchinson - 1787 p408-9
- http://books.google.com/books?id=0ThNAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA134 An historical, topographical, and descriptive view of the county palatine of Durham: Volume 1, p134
- http://books.google.com/books?id=0ThNAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA119 An historical, topographical, and descriptive view of the county palatine of Durham: Volume 1, p119
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