Great Marlow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Great Marlow
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1624–1885
Number of members two (1311-1868); one (1868-1885)

Great Marlow, sometimes simply called Marlow, was a parliamentary borough in Buckinghamshire. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons between 1301 and 1307, and again from 1624 until 1868, and then one member from 1868 until 1885, when the borough was abolished.

History[edit]

In the 17th century a solicitor named William Hakewill, of Lincoln's Inn, rediscovered ancient writs confirming that Amersham, Great Marlow, and Wendover had all sent members to Parliament in the past, and succeeded in re-establishing their privileges (despite the opposition of James I), so that they resumed electing members from the Parliament of 1624. Hakewill himself was elected for Amersham in 1624.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1624–1640[edit]

Year First member Second member
Constituency re-enfranchised by Parliament in 1624
1624 Henry Borlase Thomas Cotton
1625 John Backhouse Thomas Cotton
1626 John Backhouse Sir William Hicks, 1st Baronet
1628 Sir John Backhouse Miles Hobart

MPs 1640–1868[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
April 1640 John Borlase Royalist Sir William Hicks
November 1640 [1] Gabriel Hippesley
1640 Bulstrode Whitelocke Parliamentarian Peregrine Hoby Parliamentarian
December 1648 Hoby excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Great Marlow was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 William Borlase Peregrine Hoby
May 1659 Bulstrode Whitelocke One seat vacant
April 1660 William Borlase Peregrine Hoby
1666 Charles Cheyne
1679 John Borlase Sir Humphrey Winch
1681 Thomas Hoby
1685 Sir John Borlase Sir Humphrey Winch
January 1689 The Viscount Falkland
February 1689 John Hoby
December 1689 Sir William Whitelock
1690 James Chase
1695 Sir James Etheridge
1710 George Bruere
1715 The Lord Shelburne
1722 Edmund Waller Sir John Guise
1727 John Clavering
1731 George Robinson [2]
1732 by-election Sir Thomas Hoby
1741 Samuel Tufnell
1744 by-election William Ockenden
1747 Merrick Burrell
1754 Charles Churchill Daniel Moore
1761 William Clayton (elder) William Mathew Burt
1768 William Dickinson
1774 (Sir) John Borlase Warren [3]
1783 by-election William Clayton (later 4th Bt)
1784 Captain Sir Thomas Rich
1790 Thomas Williams Tory William Lee-Antonie Whig
1796 Owen Williams Whig
1802 by-election Pascoe Grenfell Whig
1826 Thomas Peers Williams Tory
1832 Conservative (Sir) William Clayton [4] Whig
1842[4] Renn Hampden Conservative
1847 Brownlow William Knox Conservative
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868–1885[edit]

Election Member Party
1868 Thomas Owen Wethered Conservative
1880 Owen Lewis Cope Williams Conservative
1885 Constituency abolished

Notes

  1. ^ The election of Borlase and Hippesley to the Long Parliament were declared void[citation needed]
  2. ^ Expelled from the House of Commons for "indirect and fraudulent Practices in the Affairs of the Charitable Corporation, and for having never attended the Service of the House, although required to do so"
  3. ^ Created a baronet, 1775
  4. ^ a b At the 1841 general election (Sir) William Clayton, who succeeded as baronet in January 1834, was initially declared re-elected by 1 vote in 1841, but on petition and after scrutiny his election was declared void and his opponent, Hampden, was declared elected instead

Election results[edit]

References[edit]