Great Mosque of Hama

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Great Mosque of Hama
جامع حماة الكبير
Mamluk minaret of Hama Great Mosque.JPG
The octagonal Mamluk minaret built in 1427
Basic information
Location Syria Hama, Syria
Geographic coordinates 35°8′3″N 36°44′43″E / 35.13417°N 36.74528°E / 35.13417; 36.74528Coordinates: 35°8′3″N 36°44′43″E / 35.13417°N 36.74528°E / 35.13417; 36.74528
Affiliation Islam
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Umayyad
Completed 8th century
Specifications
Dome(s) 5
Minaret(s) 2

The Great Mosque of Hama (Arabic: جامع حماة الكبير‎), is a mosque in Hama, Syria. It is located about 400 meters (1,300 ft) west of the citadel. Built in the 8th century CE, it was heavily damaged in a 1982 uprising, but today it has been completely restored.

History[edit]

It was built by the Umayyads in the early eighth century and was modelled on the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus. The Great Mosque used to be a Byzantine church which was adapted for Islamic use. The church itself had been built where a Roman temple once stood. Some of the Byzantine structure still remains, but most of the building was destroyed during the Byzantine re-occupation of northern Syria in 986. The mosque's origin as a Christian basilica can be seen in its three-aisled structure, and that its prayer hall is topped by five domes, in the shape of a cross.[1] The courtyard to the north is enclosed by a vaulted portico and contains an elevated treasury, of the sort associated with those in the patio of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus.[2]

The Great Mosque has two minarets. One is a square-based tower adjacent to the prayer hall and from an inscription on its surface, dates back to 1124, although some argue that its base is of Umayyad origin,[3] while others say it was constructed in 1153.[1] The second minaret is octagonal in shape and was built by the Mamluks in 1427.[3] At the side of the main northern courtyard is a smaller square courtyard containing the tombs of two 13th century Ayyubid kings.[3]

The mosque was almost completely destroyed during the civil disturbances in Hama in 1982,[3] but has since been rebuilt by the Antiquities Department of the Syrian government.[1] Both minarets were destroyed during the disturbances.[1] By 2001, the Great Mosque has been fully restored and its reconstruction is faithful to the original Umayyad design in nearly every detail.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Ring, Berney, Salkin, La Boda, Watson, and Schellinger, 1996, p.138.
  2. ^ Miller, Carol. Hama Syria Gate.
  3. ^ a b c d e Mannheim, 2001, p.218.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]