Great Ormond Street Hospital

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This article is about the children's hospital. For the TV series, see Great Ormond Street (TV series). For the defunct magazine, see GOSH!.
Great Ormond Street Hospital
Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust
Great Ormond Street Hospital.jpg
Part of Great Ormond Street Hospital
Geography
Location Bloomsbury, London, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°31′21″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5225°N 0.1202°W / 51.5225; -0.1202Coordinates: 51°31′21″N 0°07′13″W / 51.5225°N 0.1202°W / 51.5225; -0.1202
Organisation
Care system National Health Service
Hospital type Teaching
Affiliated university University College London
Services
Emergency department No Accident & Emergency
Beds 387
Speciality Children's hospital
History
Founded 1852
Links
Website www.gosh.nhs.uk
Lists Hospitals in England

Great Ormond Street Hospital (informally GOSH or Great Ormond Street, formerly the Hospital for Sick Children) is a children's hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of London, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust.

Great Ormond Street Hospital is closely associated with University College London (UCL) and in partnership with the UCL Institute of Child Health, which it is located adjacent to, is the largest centre for research and postgraduate teaching in children’s health in Europe.[1][2][3] It is part of both the Great Ormond Street Hospital/UCL Institute of Child Health Biomedical Research Centre and the UCL Partners academic health science centre.[4][5]

Great Ormond Street Hospital is known internationally for receiving the rights from J. M. Barrie to his play Peter Pan, or the Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up in 1929, which have provided significant funding for the institution.

History[edit]

After a long campaign by Dr Charles West, the Hospital for Sick Children was founded on 14 February 1852 and was the first hospital providing in-patient beds specifically for children in England.[6] Despite opening with just 10 beds, it grew into one of the world's leading children's hospital through the patronage of Queen Victoria, counting Charles Dickens, a personal friend of Dr West, the Chief Physician, as one of its first fundraisers. The Nurses League was formed in February 1937.[7]

Audrey Callaghan, wife of James Callaghan (prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979), served the hospital as Chairman of the Board of Governors from 1968 to 1972 and then as Chairman of the Special Trustees from 1983 until her final retirement in 1990.[8]

Diana, Princess of Wales, served as president of the Hospital from 1989 until her death. A plaque at the entrance of the hospital commemorates her services, as well as a bust in the lobby of the hospital chapel.

The Charles West School of Nursing transferred from Great Ormond Street to London South Bank University in 1995.[9]

In 2002 Great Ormond Street Hospital commenced a redevelopment programme which is budgeted at £343 million and the next phase of which is scheduled to be complete by the end of 2016.[10] The redevelopment is needed to expand capacity, deliver treatment in a more comfortable and modern way, and to reduce unnecessary inpatient admissions.

Great Ormond Street Hospital became a foundation trust on 1 March 2012.

In April 2012, BBC One London broadcast a documentary called "Great Ormond Street Hospital", presented by Tim Donovan, which explained how the hospital is facing accusations that it is downgrading child protection work and "victimising" staff who raise concerns.[11][12] The hospital posted a detailed response stating that "the allegations in this programme are not correct and the programme does not provide a balanced position".[13]

In July 2012, Great Ormond Street Hospital was featured in the opening ceremony of the London Summer Olympics.

Activities[edit]

The hospital works with the UCL Institute of Child Health, and is the largest centre for research into childhood illness outside the United States and Canada, and a major international trainer of doctors and nurses. It has the widest range of children's specialists of any UK hospital, and is the largest centre for children's heart or brain surgery, or for children with cancer, in the UK. Recent high-profile breakthroughs include successful gene-therapy for immune diseases.[14]

Great Ormond Street Hospital is a member of the UCL Partners academic health science centre.

Archives[edit]

The hospital’s archives are available for research under the terms of the Public Records Act 1958 and a catalogue is available on request.[15] Admission records from 1852 to 1914 have been made available online on the Historic Hospital Admission Records Project.[16]

St Christopher's Chapel[edit]

St Christopher's Chapel in Great Ormond Street Hospital.

St Christopher's Chapel is a chapel decorated in the Byzantine style and Grade II listed building located in the Variety Club Building of the hospital. Designed by Edward Barry (son of the architect Sir Charles Barry who designed the Houses of Parliament) and built in 1875, it is dedicated to the memory of Caroline Barry, wife of William Henry Barry (eldest son of Sir Charles Barry) who provided the £40,000 required to build the Chapel and a stipend for the chaplain.[17] It was built in "elaborate Franco-Italianate style". As the chapel exists to provide pastoral care to ill children and their families, many of its details refer to childhood.The stained glass depicts the Nativity, the childhood of Christ and biblical scenes related to children. The dome depicts a pelican pecking at her breast in order to feed her young with drops of her own blood, a traditional symbol of Christ's sacrifice for humanity. Along the rear of the chapel is a row of teddy bears and other soft toys, provided by families of ill children, known as the Teddy Bear Choir.[18] In addition, the chapel has a prayer tree where messages of hope and support can be written for sick children at the hospital, and placed on the tree.

As the chapel is a listed building, in the late 1980s when the old hospital was being demolished, it was decided that the chapel would be moved to its present location via a 'concrete raft' to prevent any damage en route. The stained glass and furniture were temporarily removed for restoration and repair. It was reopened along with the new Variety Club Building in on 14 February 1994 by Diana, Princess of Wales, president of the hospital.

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity[edit]

The hospital has relied on charitable support since it first opened. One of the main sources for this support is Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Whilst the NHS meets the day-to-day running costs of the hospital, the fundraising income allows Great Ormond Street Hospital to remain at the forefront of child healthcare.[19] The charity aims to raise over £50 million every year to complete the next two phases of redevelopment, as well as provide substantially more fundraising directly for research. The charity also purchases up-to-date equipment, and provides accommodation for families and staff.[20][21]

The charity's teardrop logo was designed for the Wishing Well Appeal in 1987 by the firm Collett Dickenson Pearce.

Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity was one of the charities that benefited from the national Jeans for Genes campaign, which encourages people across the UK to wear their jeans and make a donation to help children affected by genetic disorders. All Great Ormond Street Hospital Charity's proceeds from the campaign went to its research partner, the UCL Institute of Child Health.

On 6 August 2009, Arsenal F.C. confirmed that Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity was to be their 'charity of the season' for the 2009-10 season. They raised over £800,000 for a new lung function unit at the hospital,[22] having raised £532,816 for Teenage Cancer Trust in the previous season.

Two charity singles have been released in aid of the hospital. In 1987, "The Wishing Well", recorded by an ensemble line-up including Boy George, Peter Cox and Dollar amongst others became a top 30 hit.[23] In 2009, The X Factor finalists covered Michael Jackson's "You Are Not Alone" in aid of the charity, reaching No.1 in the UK Charts.[24] Also, the winner's singles of James Arthur and Sam Bailey have been released in aid of the charity.

On 30 March 2010, Channel 4 staged the first Channel 4's Comedy Gala at the O2 Arena in London, in aid of the charity. The event has been repeated every year since, raising money for Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity each time.

In 2011, Daniel Boys recorded a charity single called 'The World is Something You Can Imagine'. It was also released as with proceeds going to the Disney Appeal at Great Ormond Street Hospital.[25]

Criticism[edit]

Main article: Death of Baby P

In 2009, Great Ormond Street Hospital was criticised for their role in Baby P's death. Consultant paediatrician Kim Holt and three colleagues wrote to Great Ormond Street Hospital managers in 2006, a year before Baby P's death warning that understaffing and poor record keeping posed a serious risk to patients' safety at St Anne's clinic in Haringey, north London. Kim Holt said bosses ignored her warnings and removed her from the clinic. Dr Kim Holt told in an interview the hospital offered her £120,000 to withdraw her complaints in the wake of Peter's death, a claim the hospital denied. In 2011, Great Ormond Street Hospital and Haringey primary care trust issued an apology to Dr Holt stating "Both Trusts accept and are sorry that you have been through a difficult time. You are a respected and valued member of staff and we look forward to you resuming your role in community paediatrics very soon".[26]

In 2014, following a BBC documentary into Baby P's case, Great Ormond Street Hospital released a statement stating they have publicly apologised for their failings and have worked since to make sure improvements were made. The hospital takes its responsibility in the safeguarding of children's safety and welfare very seriously.[27]

Peter Pan copyright[edit]

In April 1929 the hospital was the recipient of playwright J. M. Barrie's copyright to the Peter Pan works, with the provision that the income from this source not be disclosed. This gave the institution control of the rights to these works, and entitled it to royalties from any performance or publication of the play and derivative works. Four theatrical feature films were produced,[28] innumerable performances of the play have been presented, and numerous editions of the novel were published under licence from the hospital. Its trustees commissioned a sequel novel, Peter Pan in Scarlet, which was published in 2006 and received mixed reviews,[29][30] with a film adaptation planned.[31]

When the copyright originally expired at the end of 1987, 50 years after Barrie's death, the UK government granted the hospital a perpetual right to collect royalties for public performances, commercial publication, or other communications to the public of the work.[32] The UK copyright was subsequently extended to 2007 by a European Union directive in 1996 standardising terms throughout the EU to the author's life plus 70 years. GOSH has been in legal disputes in the United States, where the copyright term is based on date of publication, putting the 1911 novel in the public domain, although the Hospital asserts that the 1928 version of the play is still under copyright in the US.[33] Legal opinion as to whether or not permission is required for new works based on the story and characters is divided and open to interpretation and so far, there has been no legal precedent to prove one view or the other.

Notable staff[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Britain's best hospitals: A patients' guide". The Independent. 20 March 2008. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Welcome Message". UCL Institute of Child Health. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Biomedical Research Centre". Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Research and development". Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  5. ^ "About us". UCL Partners. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  6. ^ Kevin Telfer (2008). The remarkable story of Great Ormond Street Hospital. Simon & Schuster. p11
  7. ^ "www.gosnursesleague.org". Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  8. ^ Kevin Telfer (2008). The remarkable story of Great Ormond Street Hospital. Simon & Schuster. p58
  9. ^ "Complete history of GOSH". Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  10. ^ "The New Clinical Building (Phase 2B)". Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  11. ^ Great Ormond Street Hospital 'victimising concerned staff'
  12. ^ "Great Ormond Street Hospital" - BBC One London documentary 18 April 2012
  13. ^ Response to BBC London programme
  14. ^ Geddes, Linda (30 October 2013) 'Bubble kid' success puts gene therapy back on track' The New Scientist, Retrieved 2 November 2013
  15. ^ http://www.gosh.nhs.uk/about-us/our-history/archive-service/
  16. ^ Historic Hospital Admission Records Project
  17. ^ "Ian Visits GOSH". Ian Visits. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  18. ^ Jacqueline, Banerjee. "St Christopher's Chapel". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  19. ^ "GOSH.org". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-07-25. 
  20. ^ "What's happening now". Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  21. ^ "Why we need your help". Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  22. ^ "Arsenal.com". Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  23. ^ Chartstats - "The Wishing Well" UK Chart details
  24. ^ Chartstats - "You Are Not Alone" UK Chart details
  25. ^ ""The World is Something You Imagine" for our Disney Appeal". gosh.org. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  26. ^ Butler, Patrick. "Great Ormond Street hospital issues apology to Baby P whistleblower",The Guardian, London, 14 June 2011.
  27. ^ GOSH statement. "GOSH statement in response to BBC one Baby P Documentary", NHS, London, 27 October 2014.
  28. ^ films_based_on_Peter_Pan at Neverpedia
  29. ^ Philip Ardagh (8 October 2006). "Return to Neverland". The Guardian (London). 
  30. ^ Nicola Smyth (8 October 2006). "The Boys are back in town". The Independent (London). 
  31. ^ GOSH PR: Film and TV rights to Peter Pan in Scarlet...
  32. ^ Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, § 301
  33. ^ GOSH Peter Pan Copyright, Publishing & Stage

External links[edit]