Great Spangled Fritillary

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Great Spangled Fritillary
Speyeria cybele Great Spangled Fritillary 8.9.2008.jpg
Argynne.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Genus: Speyeria
Species: S. cybele
Binomial name
Speyeria cybele
(Fabricius, 1775)
Subspecies

see text

The Great Spangled Fritillary (Speyeria cybele) is a butterfly of the Nymphalidae family.

Description[edit]

Its wingspan ranges from 62 to 88 mm (2.4 to 3.5 in).[1] It is characterized by its orange color above with five black dashes near fore wing base and several irregular black dashes at the base of the hind wing. In addition, two rows of black crescents run along the edges of the wings. Below, the fore wing is yellowish-orange with black marks similar to the upperside, with a few silver spots on the tip of the wing. The hind wing is reddish-brown with silver spots on the base and middle of the wing. A broad yellow band and silver triangles are the most notable qualities on the wing, next to the brown margin. Females tend to be darker than males and individuals from the western reaches of this species range tend to be brighter orange.Similar species include the Aphrodite Fritillary (Speyeria aphrodite), the Atlantis Fritillary (Speyeria atlantis) and the Northwestern Fritillary (Speyeria hesperis). It is distinguished from the Aphrodite and Atlantis Fritillaries by a wide light submarginal band on the hindwing and instead of black spots, black dashes form on the margins of the fore wing.

Subspecies[edit]

S. c. cybele, male, Gatineau Park, Quebec

Listed alphabetically.[2]

  • S. c. carpenterii (Edwards, 1876)
  • S. c. charlottii (Barnes, 1897)
  • S. c. cybele (Fabricius, 1775)
  • S. c. krautwurmi (Holland, 1931) – Krautwurm's Fritillary
  • S. c. leto (Behr, 1862)
  • S. c. letona dos Passos & Grey, 1945
  • S. c. novascotiae (McDunnough, 1935)
  • S. c. pseudocarpenteri (F. & R. Chermock, 1940)
  • S. c. pugetensis Chermock & Frechin, 1947

Range[edit]

The Great Spangled Fritillary covers a wide range of North America stretching from southern Canada to northern California on the West to North Carolina on the East. Prime habitat for this species includes moist meadows and woodland edges.

Larval host[edit]

Various species of native violets have reported to serve as a larval host plant for the Great Spangled Fritillary, including the native Round-leaf Violet (Viola rotundifolia), the Arrow-leaf Violet (Viola fimbriatula) and the Common Blue Violet (Viola sororia).[3][4]

Other[edit]

In 1985 Scottish music band Cocteau Twins released a song called "Great Spangled Fritillary"; it was the first of four tracks (each bearing Lepidoptera-influenced names) on their EP Echoes in a Shallow Bay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Spangled Fritillary, Butterflies of Canada
  2. ^ Speyeria cybele, funet.fi
  3. ^ Stichter, Sharon (2011). "Great Spangled Fritillary". The Butterflies of Massachusetts. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Great Spangled Fritillary". Mass Audubon. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • Great Spangled Fritillary, Wisconsin Butterflies
  • The National Audubon Society Field Guide to Butterflies, by Robert Micheal Pyle