Great Synagogue, Warsaw
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Polish Wikipedia. (March 2012)|
|Great Synagogue of Warsaw
Wielka Synagoga w Warszawie
Great Synagogue in the 1910s
|Ecclesiastical or organizational status||Destroyed May 16, 1943|
The Great Synagogue was built by the Warsaw's Jewish community between 1875 and 1878 at Tłomackie street, in the south-eastern tip of the district in which the Jews were allowed to settle by the Russian Imperial authorities. The main architect was Leandro Marconi.
SS-Gruppenführer Jürgen Stroop later recalled:
"What a marvelous sight it was. A fantastic piece of theater. My staff and I stood at a distance. I held the electrical device which would detonate all the charges simultanepusly. Jesuiter called for silence. I glanced over at my brave officers and men, tired and dirty, silhouetted against the glow of the burning buildings. After prolonging the suspense for a moment, I shouted: 'Heil Hitler' and pressed the button. With a thunderous, deafening bang and a rainbow burst of colors, the fiery explosion soared toward the clouds, an unforgettable tribute to our triumph over the Jews. The Warsaw Ghetto was no more. The will of Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler had been done."
- Kazimierz Moczarski (1981), Conversations with an Executioner, page 164.
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- Great Synagogue in Warsaw at Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Virtual Shtetl
- Pictures of the synagogue
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