|Classical Gardens of Suzhou|
|Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List|
|Criteria||i, ii, iii, iv, v|
|Inscription||1997 (21st Session)|
The Canglang Pavilion (Chinese: 沧浪亭; pinyin: Cāng Làng Tíng), variously translated as the Great Wave Pavilion, Surging Wave Pavilion, or Blue Wave Pavilion, is one of the Classical Gardens of Suzhou that are jointly recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located at 3 Canglangting Street in Suzhou, Jiangsu province, China.
The Canglang Pavilion was built in 1044 CE by the Song Dynasty poet Su Shunqing (1008–1048), on the site of a pre-existing imperial flower garden c 960 CE. It is the oldest of the UNESCO gardens in Suzhou, keeping its original Song Dynasty layout. The name is derived from a verse in the poem Fishermen by Qu Yuan (ca. 340 BCE-278 BCE), a poet from the southern state of Chu during the Warring States period, in his book Songs of the South, "If the Canglang River is dirty I wash my muddy feet; If the Canglang River is clean I wash my ribbon". This verse alludes to an honest official who removes himself from politics rather than act in a corrupt manner. Su Shunqing choose this to express his feelings after his removal from office.
After his death the garden passed through many owners and fell into disuse until 1696 CE when it was restored by Song Luo, governor of Jiangsu Province. In 1827 ownership was transferred to governor Tao Zhu and again in 1873 ownership was transferred to governor Zhang Shusheng. In 1955 the garden was opened to the public and in 2000 it was added to the UNESCO world cultural heritage monuments.
The 1.6 ha garden is divided into two main sections. The garden is sited on a branch of the Fengxi Stream which forms a lotus pond. The garden has 108 leaky windows each one with a unique design.
|Garden Design Elements with Description|
|Elegant Bamboo House
Named after a line by Su Shunqing, "Autumn darkens the reddish woods, the sunlight goes through he bamboo elegantly". This irregular building was used as a painting studio.
Named after a line by Su Shunqin, "He Who turns a blind eye and a deaf ear to what is evil will be enlightened" from A Record of the Great Wave Pavilion. This three bay building was the primary hall of the garden used as a lecture hall. It is attached to an enclosed courtyard with covered corridor on three sides. The side opposite this Hall is anchored by the Realm of Yaohua.
|Fish Watching Place
Named after a famous dialectic conversation between Zhuang Zi about fish which.[clarification needed] It is a square detached pavilion with a hipped gable roofline and flying eves. It is unique for being located outside the garden walls. It is connected to the garden by a double roofed corridor which runs above a rockery abstractly depicting the 500 Arhats.
|Great Wave Pavilion
Named after the a line from songs of the south. It is the namesake of the garden. It was moved from its original location of the Fengxi Stream by Song Luo when he rebuilt the garden. It has a unique all stone construction, and uses flower brackets. It is square with a hipped gable roofline and flying eves, as well as a raised ridge. The ridge, gables, and eves are all richly decorated. A pillar couplet has been formed by one verse from Ouyang Xiu's The Canglang Pavilion, and Su Shunqin's (苏舜钦) Passing by Suzhou (过苏州), "The refreshing breeze and the bright moon are priceless; And water nearby and hills afar how beautifully they rate". This composite couplet was composed by governor Liang Zhangju, in honor of the garden.
|Imperial Stele Pavilion
An attached pavilion at the western end of the main hill housing a stele inscribed with poems by Emperor Kangxi.
The name is meant to evoke the feeling of the view of looking from a high mountain. It is a boat building on top of a grotto with a cave called the Mutual Affinity Stone Chamber.
|Pavilion Fronting the Water Named after a line by Du Fu, "All the pavilions front the water and old trees are weather beaten".|
|Prunus mume Pavilion|
|Pure Fragrance House
Named from a line by Li Shangyin, "Keep Cassia (Osmanthus fragrans) under lock and key not letting its pure fragrance escape". The line was inspired by the 170 year old Cassia trees in front of this five bay hall.
|Realm of Yaohua
Named after a line from Historical Record of Suzhou by Lu Xiong, which referred to the mythical Yaohua flower. This flower was said to exist in the Chinese Garden of Eden, and had the quality of sweet smelling and jade like. The name alludes to the noble character of the owner, and was meant to visually evoke something from a fariyland.
An attached pavilion at the eastern end of the main hill. It houses a stele inscribed with the poetry of Emperor Qianlong.
An attached square pavilion with a stele portrait of Wen Zhenming.
|Smelling Prunus mume Pavilion|
|Temple of 500 Sages|
|Water Pavilion of Lotus Blossoms|
- Suzhou, 2009
- Yuan, 2004
- Suzhou Mingcheng Information Port Co., LTD, The Surging Wave Pavilion, retrieved 2009
- China Internet Information Center (June 24, 2004), Canglang (Surging Wave) Pavilion, retrieved 2009
- Yuan (袁), Xuehan (学汉); Gong Jianyi (2004). The Classical Gardens of Suzhou (苏州古典园林). CIP. p. 217. ISBN 7-214-03763-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Great Wave Pavilion.|
- Classical Gardens of Suzhou, UNESCO's official website on World Heritage site.
- Surging Waves Pavilion (Canglangting) at Asian Historical Architecture.