Great World

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Great World in its heyday in the 1930s.

The Great World (Chinese: 大世界; pinyin: Dà Shìjìe) is an amusement arcade and entertainment complex located in Shanghai, China. Built in 1917 on the corner of Avenue Edward VII (now Yan'an Road) and Yu Ya Ching Road (now Middle Xizang Road), it was the first and for a long time the most influential indoor amusement arcade in Shanghai, so much so that it spawned imitations all over China.

While the traditional style entertainment offered by the Great World today faces great competition from newer forms of entertainment and electronic media, it remains an important tourist attraction popular with visitors to Shanghai from other parts of China.

Such is the influence of Great World, that its Chinese name (Da Shijie) has become the name of a locality in its vicinity, Dashijie. Dashijie Station, on Shanghai Metro line 8, is located nearby and is named after Great World.

History[edit]

The Great World opened on 14 July 1917, the brainchild of Shanghai magnate Huang Chujiu. It was built as an integrated entertainment complex featuring amusement arcades, parlour games, music hall shows, variety shows and traditional Chinese theatre. Great World was rebuiltin 1928 in an eclectic style borrowing largely from European baroque, topped by a distinctive four-storey tower which quickly became a landmark. In 1931, Great World changed hands, bought out by another magnate, Huang Jinrong.

On 14 August 1937 it was the site of the Great World bombing, or "Black Saturday". It was the second day of the Battle of Shanghai between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan. Great World had thrown open its doors for refugees fleeing the fighting in the Chinese and Japanese zones of the city for the relative safety of the Shanghai International Settlement (where Great World was located). Two bombs from a damaged Republic of China Air Force bomber were accidentally released and exploded in front of Great World. The pilot, fearing the plane would crash, had intended to release the bombs into the large uninhabited space of the nearby Shanghai Race Course, but the bombs were released too early. About two thousand people, made up of shoppers, passers-by, and refugees who were standing outside Great World, were killed or injured.

After the Communist takeover of Shanghai in 1949, Great World was renamed "People's Amusement Arcade", but reverted to the old name in 1958. Closed during the Cultural Revolution, in 1974 the site became the "Shanghai Youth Palace". On 25 January 1981, Great World was re-established, and renamed "Great World Entertainment Centre".

The basic layout of the complex has remained the same since the 1928 rebuilding. While the entertainment options have been updated over the years (with motion pictures early on and karaoke more recently, for example), some elements remain the same. One legendary feature is the series of distorting mirrors near the entrance, which have provided simple entertainment to visitors for close to a century.

Description[edit]

In its heyday, Great World's main attractions were vaudeville, various regional forms of traditional Chinese opera, and Chinese folk art forms. It was also famous for the twelve distorting "magic mirrors" housed in the entrance hall.

Writing of his visit in the mid-1930s, Hollywood film director Josef von Sternberg described, "On the first floor were gaming tables, singsong girls, magicians, pick-pockets, slot machines, fireworks, birdcages, fans, stick incense, acrobats, and ginger. One flight up were… actors, crickets and cages, pimps, midwifes, barbers, and earwax extractors. The third floor had jugglers, herb medicines, ice cream parlors, a new bevy of girls, their high collared gowns slit to reveal their hips, and (as a) novelty, several rows of exposed (Western) toilets. The fourth floor had shooting galleries, fan-tan tables, … massage benches, … dried fish and intestines, and dance platforms. The fifth floor featured girls with dresses slit to the armpits, a stuffed whale, storytellers, balloons, peep shows, masks, a mirror maze, two love letter booths with scribes who guaranteed results, rubber goods, and a temple filled with ferocious gods and joss sticks. On the top floor and roof of that house of multiple joys a jumble of tightrope walkers slithered back and forth, and there were seesaws, Chinese checkers, mahjongg, … firecrackers, lottery tickets, and marriage brokers."[1][2]

Now there is theater, music hall, Guinness hall, movie hall, video hall, magic world, dancing hall, KTV, tea house and ski field and so on. There is also the new Shanghai flavor snack corridor, restaurant and boutique market and so on. The Shanghai Great World is a playing center with entertainment, performance, viewing, food and sports and so on.

Architecture[edit]

The architecture in Great World is unique and peculiar. It consists of hexagon yellow spire which is supported by twelve cylinders. The main building consists of three four-level buildings and other two annexe buildings. The Big World consists of playing world, read extensively world, food world and sports world four parts. There are eight series of playing items. The Great World arena and Guinness record two items in sports world attract many people in Shanghai tour.

Transportation[edit]

Address: 1 Xizang Road, Shanghai

References[edit]