Great Yarmouth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Great Yarmouth
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Great Yarmouth in Norfolk.
Outline map
Location of Norfolk within England.
County Norfolk
Electorate 70,526 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1295, 1885
Member of Parliament Brandon Lewis (Conservative)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Great Yarmouth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

There has been a Great Yarmouth constituency sending MPs every Parliament since the 13th century except between 1868 and 1885; it was a parliamentary borough until 1950, and has been a county constituency since then. Between 1950 and 1974, the constituency was called simply Yarmouth, and has been known informally by that name at other periods.

Its Labour MP from 1997-2010 Tony Wright after losing referred to the constituency as "a natural Conservative seat".[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers the area around Great Yarmouth in Norfolk. Despite its rural area, there is a substantial amount of industry in Great Yarmouth, making the seat a marginal.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Great Yarmouth borough[edit]

Great Yarmouth was a 2-seat constituency from 1660 until 1868, when it was disenfranchised. It was recreated for the 1885 general election as a single-seat constituency.

MPs 1295–1640[edit]

Year First member Second member
1361 Hugh Fastolf
1366 Hugh Fastolf
1373 Hugh Fastolf
1377 (Jan) Hugh Fastolf
1377 (Oct) Hugh Fastolf
1385 Ralph Ramsey
1386 Ralph Ramsey John Beketon[3]
1388 (Feb) Ralph Ramsey John Ellis[3]
1388 (Sep) Ralph Ramsey John Hacon[3]
1390 (Jan) Ralph Ramsey John Ellis[3]
1390 (Nov)
1391 Ralph Ramsey John Hacon[3]
1393 John Hacon John Ellis[3]
1394
1395 Ralph Ramsey Hugh atte Fenn[3]
1397 (Jan) Richard Cley Hugh atte Fenn[3]
1397 (Sep) Ralph Ramsey William Oxney[3]
1399 John Beketon Hugh Atte Fenn[3]
1401
1402
1404 (Jan) Roger Adams Geoffrey Pamping[3]
1404 (Oct)
1406 Robert Ellis Henry Rafman[3]
1407 Robert Clere Peter atte Fenn[3]
1410 William Parker Alexander atte Gapp[3]
1411 Nicholas Cates Peter Atte Fenn[3]
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) William Oxney Alexander atte Gapp[3]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Geoffrey Pamping Robert Ellis[3]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 Henry S[pitling] Richard [?Ellis][3]
1419 William Colkirk John Cranley[3]
1420 Thomas Dengaine Robert Ellis[3]
1421 (May) Thomas Covehithe Robert Ellis[3]
1421 (Dec) Richard Ellis Robert Cupper[3]
1455 Richard Southwell[4]
1478 John Paston[4]
1491 Robert Crowmer[5]
1504 Thomas More[6]
1510-1523 No names known[7]
1529 Humphrey Wingfield John Ladde, died
and replaced 1353 or 1354 by
Philip Bernard[7]
1536  ? ?
1539  ? ?
1542 Sir Humphrey Wingfield William Burgh[7]
1545 Sir William Woodhouse Robert Eyre[7]
1547 Sir William Woodhouse Robert Eyre[7]
1553 (Mar) Sir William Woodhouse Nicholas Firmage[7]
1553 (Oct) Robert Eyre Simon More[7]
1554 (Apr) William Bishop John Echard[7]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Hunt William Mayhew[7]
1555 Nicholas Fen Cornelius Bright[7]
1558 Sir Thomas Woodhouse William Barker[8]
1558/9 Sir Thomas Woodhouse William Barker[8]
1562 William Grice Thomas Timperley[8]
1571 William Barker William Grice[8]
1572 William Grice John Bacon, died
and replaced Feb 1576 by
Edward Bacon[8]
1584 William Grice Thomas Damet[8]
1586 William Grice Thomas Damet[8]
1588 John Stubbe Roger Drury[8]
1593 Thomas Damet John Felton[8]
1597 Henry Hobart John Felton[8]
1601 Henry Hobart Thomas Damet[8]
1604–1611 Thomas Damet John Wheeler
1614 Theophilus Finch George Hardware
1621–1622 Benjamin Cooper Edward Owner
1624 Benjamin Cooper George Hardware
1625 Sir John Corbet Edward Owner
1626 Sir John Corbet Thomas Johnson
1628 Sir John Corbet Sir John Wentworth
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened

MPs 1640–1868[edit]

Election First member[9] First party Second member[9] Second party
April 1640 Miles Corbet Parliamentarian Edward Owner Parliamentarian
November 1640
December 1648 Owner not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
1653 Great Yarmouth was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Colonel William Goffe Thomas Dunn
1656 Charles George Cook William Burton
January 1659
May 1659 Great Yarmouth was unrepresented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir John Potts Sir William D'Oyly
1661 Sir William Coventry
1678 Sir Thomas Medowe
February 1679 Richard Huntingdon
August 1679 George England
1681 Sir James Johnson
1685 Sir William Cook John Friend
1689 George England Samuel Fuller
1698 John Nicholson
January 1701 Samuel Fuller
November 1701 John Burton John Nicholson
1702 Benjamin England
1708 Roger Townshend Richard Ferrier
1709 Nathaniel Symonds
1710 George England
1715 Horatio Townshend
1722 Hon. Charles Townshend Horatio Walpole
1723 William Townshend
1734 (Sir) Edward Walpole[10]
1738 Roger Townshend
1747 Hon. Charles Townshend
1756 Charles Townshend
1768 Hon. Richard Walpole
1784 Captain Sir John Jervis[11] Henry Beaufoy
1790 Charles Townshend
1795 Brigadier Stephens Howe
May 1796 Lord Charles Townshend
killed by brother, 1796
October 1796 Major-General William Loftus Henry Jodrell
1802 Captain Sir Thomas Troubridge[12] Thomas Jervis
1806 Hon. Edward Harbord Dr Stephen Lushington Whig
1808 Giffin Wilson
1812 William Loftus Edmund Knowles Lacon
1818 Thomas Anson Whig Charles Edmund Rumbold Whig
1819 Hon. George Anson Whig
1835 Thomas Baring Conservative Winthrop Mackworth Praed Conservative
1837 Charles Edmund Rumbold Whig William Wilshere Whig
1847 [13] Lord Arthur Lennox Conservative Octavius Edward Coope Conservative
1848 Joseph Sandars Conservative Charles Edmund Rumbold Whig
1852 Sir Edmund Lacon Conservative
March 1857[14] William Torrens McCullagh Whig Edward William Watkin Whig
August 1857 Adolphus William Young Whig John Mellor Whig
1859 Sir Edmund Lacon, Bt Conservative Sir Henry Stracey, Bt Conservative
1865 James Goodson Conservative
1868 Constituency disfranchished for corruption

MPs 1885–1950[edit]

  • 1885: Constituency revived, electing only a single member
Election Member[9] Party
1885 Sir Henry Whatley Tyler Conservative
1892 James Marshall Moorsom Liberal
1895 Sir John Colomb Conservative
1906 (Sir) Arthur Fell Conservative
1922 Arthur Harbord Liberal
1924 Sir Frank Meyer Conservative
1929 Sir Arthur Harbord Liberal
1931 Liberal National
1941 by-election Percy William Jewson Liberal National
1945 Ernest Kinghorn Labour
1950 Great Yarmouth borough abolished: new county constituency named Yarmouth

Yarmouth division of Norfolk[edit]

MPs 1950–1974[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1950 Ernest Kinghorn Labour
1951 Anthony Fell Conservative
1966 Hugh Gray Labour
1970 Anthony Fell Conservative
Feb 1974 Constituency renamed Great Yarmouth

Great Yarmouth County Constituency[edit]

MPs since 1974[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
February 1974 Anthony Fell Conservative
1983 Michael Carttiss Conservative
1997 Tony Wright Labour
2010 Brandon Lewis Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Since the 2010 election there have been opinion polls conducted within the constituency, ahead of the next election.

General Election 2015: Great Yarmouth [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Brandon Lewis[16]
Labour Lara Norris[17]
Green Harry Webb[18]
General Election 2010: Great Yarmouth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Brandon Lewis 18,571 43.1 +5.0
Labour Tony Wright 14,295 33.2 -12.4
Liberal Democrat Simon Partridge 6,188 14.4 +3.3
UKIP Alan Baugh 2,066 4.8 +0.5
BNP Bosco Tann 1,421 3.3 N/A
Green Laura Biggart 416 1.0 N/A
Independent Margaret McMahon-Morris 100 0.2 N/A
Majority 4,276 9.9
Turnout 43,057 61.2 +1.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Great Yarmouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tony Wright 18,850 45.6 −4.8
Conservative Mark Fox 15,795 38.2 −0.9
Liberal Democrat Stephen Newton 4,585 11.1 +2.7
UKIP Bertie Poole 1,759 4.3 +2.2
Legalise Cannabis Michael Skipper 389 0.9 N/A
Majority 3,055 7.4
Turnout 41,378 60.1 +1.8
Labour hold Swing −2.0
General Election 2001: Great Yarmouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tony Wright 20,344 50.4 -3.0
Conservative Charles Reynolds 15,780 39.1 +3.5
Liberal Democrat Maurice Leeke 3,392 8.4 -2.6
UKIP Bertie Poole 850 2.1 N/A
Majority 4,564 11.3
Turnout 40,366 58.3 -13.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Great Yarmouth[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Tony Wright 20,854 53.4
Conservative Michael Carttiss 17,416 35.6
Liberal Democrat Derek Wood 5,381 11.0
Majority 8,668
Turnout 71.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Great Yarmouth[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Carttiss 25,505 47.9 −3.8
Labour Barbara Baughan 20,196 38.0 +6.8
Liberal Democrat Malcolm Scott 7,225 13.6 −3.5
Natural Law Ms. P Larkin 284 0.5 N/A
Majority 5,309 10.0 −10.6
Turnout 53,210 77.9 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing −5.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Great Yarmouth[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Carttiss 25,336 51.7
Labour J Cannell 15,253 31.1
Social Democratic S Maxwell 8,387 17.1
Majority 10,083 20.6
Turnout 74.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Great Yarmouth[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Carttiss 22,423 50.5
Labour O Lloyd 11,223 25.3
Liberal E Minett 10,803 24.3
Majority 11,200 25.2
Turnout 70.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Great Yarmouth[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 28,066 50.4
Labour P Hollis 20,838 37.4
Liberal E Minett 6,112 11.0
National Front T Holmes 640 1.1
Majority 7,228 13.0
Turnout 77.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Great Yarmouth[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 22,573 43.3
Labour P Hollis 20,313 39.0
Liberal PR Coleby 9,250 17.7
Majority 2,260 4.33
Turnout 73.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Great Yarmouth[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 24,711 43.4
Labour P Hollis 19,774 34.7
Liberal PR Coleby 12,524 22.0
Majority 4,397 8.7
Turnout 81.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Yarmouth[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 23,088 49.6
Labour Hugh Gray 19,931 42.8
Liberal Joan Knott 3,523 7.6
Majority 3,157 6.8
Turnout 77.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Yarmouth[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Hugh Gray 22,296 50.9
Conservative Anthony Fell 21,499 49.1
Majority 797 1.8
Turnout 79.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1964: Yarmouth[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 20,310 46.8
Labour SC Davies 18,381 42.4
Liberal David Spreckley 4,680 10.8
Majority 1,929 4.4
Turnout 80.3
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Yarmouth[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 22,827 54.3
Labour SC Davies 19,248 45.7
Majority 3,579 8.5
Turnout 79.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Yarmouth[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 21,317 51.1
Labour Ernest Kinghorn 20,400 48.9
Majority 917 2.2
Turnout 79.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Yarmouth[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Anthony Fell 22,180 51.2
Labour Ernest Kinghorn 21,165 48.8
Majority 1,015 2.3
Turnout 83.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1950: Yarmouth[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Kinghorn 19,131 44.5
Conservative EC Baker 17,969 41.8
Liberal Ronald Thomas Archibald Cornwell 5,854 13.6
Majority 1,162 2.7
Turnout 84.1
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Great Yarmouth[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ernest Kinghorn 10,079 55.8
Liberal National Percy Jewson 7,974 44.2
Majority 2,105 11.7
Turnout 69.8
Labour gain from Liberal National Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Great Yarmouth[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Arthur Harbord 16,998 59.3
Labour Dr John Lewis 11,658 40.7
Majority 5,340 18.6
Turnout 76.4
Liberal National hold Swing
General Election 1931: Great Yarmouth[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Arthur Harbord 21,008 78.6
Labour John Hanbury Martin 5,735 21.4
Majority 15,273 57.1
Turnout 72.1

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 36,170

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Harbord 13,147
Unionist Sir Frank Cecil Meyer 11,570
Labour George Francis Johnson 5,347
Majority 1,577
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1924

Electorate 28,447

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Frank Cecil Meyer 10,273
Liberal Arthur Harbord 9,202
Labour T G Tyler 3,264
Majority 1,071
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1923

Electorate 27,884

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Harbord 11,416
Unionist Sir James Allan Horne 8,492
Labour Albert Wrigley 2,138
Majority 2,924
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 26,985

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Harbord 9,836
Unionist Chichester de Windt Crookshank 8,917
Labour Arthur Whiting 2,574
Majority
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918

Electorate 24,585

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist
  1. Sir Arthur Fell
6,741
Liberal Lt. J Havelock Wilson 5,734
Labour William McConnell 1,848
DSS William H Dawson 125
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.economist.com/world/britain/displaystory.cfm?story_id=16051034 The Economist: Great Yarmouth
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  4. ^ a b Davis, Norman. The Paston Letters: A Selection in Modern Spelling. 
  5. ^ The English Parliaments of Henry VII. Retrieved 2012-03-17. 
  6. ^ "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-13. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  10. ^ Knighted (KB), 1753
  11. ^ Rear-Admiral from 1787
  12. ^ Rear-Admiral from 1804
  13. ^ The result of the 1847 election was declared void on petition, and a by-election was held
  14. ^ The result of the 1857 election was declared void on petition, and writ for a by-election was issued. No by-election was necessary as only two candidates were nominated, and they were returned unopposed.
  15. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/greatyarmouth/
  16. ^ http://www.brandonlewis.co/local_news/brandon-lewis-re-selected-as-conservative-candidate-for-great-yarmouth/
  17. ^ http://labourlist.org/2013/01/lara-norris-selected-in-great-yarmouth/
  18. ^ http://www.greatyarmouthmercury.co.uk/news/caister_councillor_21_to_stand_for_green_party_in_great_yarmouth_1_3838052
  19. ^ a b http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/greatyarmouth
  20. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  21. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  22. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  23. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  24. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  25. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  26. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  27. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  28. ^ a b c d e "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  29. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  30. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  31. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949 (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
  • Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988) [3]
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)