# Great icosahedron

Great icosahedron
Type Kepler-Poinsot polyhedron
Stellation core icosahedron
Elements F = 20, E = 30
V = 12 (χ = 2)
Faces by sides 20{3}
Schläfli symbol {3,5/2}
Wythoff symbol 5/2 | 2 3
Coxeter-Dynkin
Symmetry group Ih, H3, [5,3], (*532)
References U53, C69, W41
Properties Regular nonconvex deltahedron

(35)/2
(Vertex figure)

Great stellated dodecahedron
(dual polyhedron)

In geometry, the great icosahedron is one of four Kepler-Poinsot polyhedra (nonconvex regular polyhedra), with Schläfli symbol {3,5/2} and Coxeter-Dynkin diagram of . It is composed of 20 intersecting triangular faces, having five triangles meeting at each vertex in a pentagrammic sequence.

## Images

Transparent model Density Stellation diagram Spherical tiling

It has a density of 7, as shown in this cross-section.

It is a stellation of the icosahedron, counted by Wenninger as model [W41] and the 16th of 17 stellations of the icosahedron and 7th of 59 stellations by Coxeter.

This polyhedron represents a spherical tiling with a density of 7. (One spherical triangle face is shown above, outlined in blue, filled in yellow)

## As a snub

The great icosahedron can be constructed a uniform snub, with different colored faces and only tetrahedral symmetry: . This construction can be called a retrosnub tetrahedron, similar to the snub tetrahedron symmetry of the icosahedron, as a partial faceting of the truncated octahedron (or omnitruncated tetrahedron): . It can also be constructed as a partial snub, or . Tetrahedral symmetry icosahedra in general are called pseudo-icosahedra.[citation needed]

## Related polyhedra

It shares the same vertex arrangement as the regular convex icosahedron. It also shares the same edge arrangement as the small stellated dodecahedron.

A truncation operation, repeatedly applied to the great icosahedron, produces a sequence of uniform polyhedra. Truncating edges down to points produces the great icosidodecahedron as a rectified great icosahedron. The process completes as a birectification, reducing the original faces down to points, and producing the great stellated dodecahedron.

The truncated great stellated dodecahedron is a degenerate polyhedron, with 20 triangular faces from the truncated vertices, and 12 (hidden) pentagonal faces as truncations of the original pentagram faces, the latter forming a great dodecahedron inscribed within and sharing the edges of the icosahedron.

Name Great
stellated
dodecahedron
Truncated great stellated dodecahedron Great
icosidodecahedron
Truncated
great
icosahedron
Great
icosahedron
Coxeter-Dynkin
diagram
Picture