Council of Arab Economic Unity
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Council of Arab Economic Unity
|Administrative center||Cairo, Egypt|
|Establishment||3 June 1957|
|-||GAFTA signed||1 January 1998|
|-||GAFTA in force||1 January 2005|
The Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU) was founded by Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen on June 3, 1957. It became effective on May 30, 1964 with the goal of achieving economic unity among its member states.
- To formulate regulations, legislation, and tariffs aiming at the creation of a unified Arab custom area.
- To co-ordinate foreign trade policies with a view to ensure the co-ordination of the region's economy vis-à-vis world economy.
- To co-ordinate economic development and formulate programs for the attainment of joint Arab development project.
- To co-ordinate policies related to agriculture, industry, and internal trade.
- To co-ordinate financial and monetary policies with the aim of achieving monetary unity.
- To co-ordinate legislation for taxes and duties.
- To formulate unified regulations for transport and transit in the contracting countries.
- To draft a common legislation on labor and social security.
- To prepare a budget for the CAEU council and its affiliated bodies.
"The Agadir Agreement" for the establishment of a free trade zone between the Arabic Mediterranean Nations was signed in Rabat, Morocco on 25 February 2004. The agreement aimed at establishing free trade between Jordan, Tunisia, Egypt and Morocco which was seen as a first potential step in the formation of the Euro-Mediterranean free trade area as envisaged in the Barcelona Process. All members of the Agadir Agreement have since joined the "Greater Arab Free Trade Area", effectively superseding the agreement.
Greater Arab Free Trade Area
The "Greater Arab Free Trade Area" (GAFTA) is a pan-Arab free trade zone that came into existence in 1997. It was founded by 14 countries: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates. The formation of GAFTA followed the adoption of the "Agreement to Facilitate and Develop Trade Among Arab Countries" (1981) by the Arab League's Economic and Social Council (ESC) and the approval by seventeen Arab League member-states at a summit in Amman, Jordan of the "Greater Arab Free Trade Area Agreement" (1997). In 2009, Algeria joined GAFTA as the eighteenth member-state. GAFTA is supervised and run by the ESC.
The members participate in 96% of the total internal Arab trade, and 95% with the rest of the world by applying the following conditions:
- Instruct the inter-customs fees:
- Applying the locality of the Arab products:
- All members have shared their standards and specifications to help their products move smoothly from one country to another.
- The League also created a project to apply the Arab Agriculture Pact:
- which is to share the standards of the agricultural sector and inject several more restrictions and specifications where all members have involved in them.
- The Arab League granted exceptions, which allow a customs rate for certain goods, to six members for several goods, however rejected requests by Morocco, Lebanon and Jordan for additional exceptions.
- Private sectors:
- The League created a database and a service to inform and promote for the private's sectors benefits, and how their work would be in the GAFTA treaty is needed.
- The Economic and Social Council in its sixty-fifth meeting agreed on pointing a base for communication to ease communication between member states, and also to work to ease communication between the Private and public sectors to apply the Greater Arab Free Trade Area between members.
- Customs Duties:
- In the sixty-seventh meeting the Economic and Social Council agreed that the 40% decrease on customs on goods in the past 4 years of the GAFTA will continue and following the decisions of the Amman summit, the members will put more efforts to eliminate all customs duties on local Arab goods.
- African Economic Community
- Arab League
- Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
- Middle East Free Trade Area (disambiguation)
- Arab Monetary Fund
- Arab Maghreb Union
- Euro-Mediterranean free trade area
- Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
- European Neighbourhood Policy
- Third country economic relationships with the European Union
- "The Jordanian Ministry of Industry & Trade describes GAFTA". Retrieved 2008-03-18 Link broken!.
- "Full text of the Agreement (English version) Link broken!".
- Wippel, Steffen. "The Agadir Agreement and Open regionalism" (PDF).
- Abedini, Javad and Nicolas Péridy (2007:1): The Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA): An Estimation of the Trade Effects accessed on 13 August 2010
- Afifi, Tamer Mohamed Ahmed (2007:19): The Challenge of Implementing the Overlapping Regional Trade Agreements in Egypt, Cuvillier Verlag, Goettingen.
- "Full text of the Greater Arab Free Trade Area Agreement (1997)". bilaterals.org. 2005-07-17. Retrieved 2008-03-18 Link broken!.