Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona
|Metropolitan Area of Barcelona|
|Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona|
|• Type||integrated territorial bodies|
|• President (Mayor)||Xavier Trias|
|• Total||636 km2 (246 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,060/km2 (13,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
The Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (Catalan: Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona), often referred to as Greater Barcelona, is a territorial entity operating on the principle of metropolitan municipality composed of Barcelona and 34 adjacent municipalities around the city. This territorial entity integrated by three territorial executive bodies and has a population of 3,218,071 (INE, 2009) within an area of 636 km2. It is the main core of the Àmbit metropolità de Barcelona, which has a population of 5,012,961 and Barcelona metropolitan area, with a population of 5 million.
The three executive bodies are:
- Mancomunitat de Municipis (Union of Municipalities): Covering 31 municipalities, it manages common services affecting public spaces, infrastructure, facilities, urbanism and housing for 3,029,389 inhabitants in an area of 495 km2. Given the range of services it offers, it is often construed as the core of the AMB.
- Entitat del Transport (Transport Authority): Covering 18 municipalities, it serves a population of 2,790,803 in an area of 332 km2. These make up the strict Barcelona conurbation. Created to jointly manage public transport within its area.
- Entitat del Medi Ambient (Environment Authority): Covering 33 municipalities it serves a population of 3,121,795 in an area of 583 km2. Entrusted with water supply and waste management for the area.
The Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona is set on the central Catalan Coast and around the capital. The metropolitan area can be divided into two zones:
- The boundary zone forming the conurbation with the city of Barcelona itself. Bordered by the Mediterranean Sea and the Serra de Collserola, the towns in this zone are Badalona, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Cornellà de Llobregat. Here the boundaries between municipalities are set by streets, avenues or the Llobregat and Besòs rivers.
- The adjacent metropolitan zone, made up of several towns surrounded by predominantly residential suburban areas with detached, semi-detached and terraced housing, industrial estates, parkland and woods, such as Sant Vicenç dels Horts, Sant Cugat del Vallès and Cerdanyola del Vallès.
- Àrea Metropolitana de Barcelona (English)(Catalan)(Spanish)