Greater Cleveland

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For the metropolitan area in Tennessee, see Cleveland, Tennessee metropolitan area.
Cleveland–Elyria
Greater Cleveland
MSA
Cleveland
Cleveland
Elyria
Elyria
Country United States
States Ohio
Largest city Cleveland
Other cities in MSA
Population (2010)
 • Urban 1,780,673 (25th)
 • MSA 2,077,240 (29th)
 • CSA 3,515,646 (15th)
Time zone ET (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 216, 330, 440, 234
Map of the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, Ohio CSA Based on 2013 U.S. Census Definitions

The Cleveland metropolitan area, or Greater Cleveland as it is more commonly known, is the metropolitan area of Northeast Ohio that contains Cleveland, Ohio, United States and its surrounding area. According to the 2010 Census, the five-county Cleveland-Elyria Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) consists of Cuyahoga County, Geauga County, Lake County, Lorain County, and Medina County, and has a population of 2,077,240.[1] Greater Cleveland is the 29th most populous metropolitan area in the United States and largest metro entirely in Ohio.

Northeast Ohio refers to a similar but substantially larger area. This article covers the area generally considered to be Greater Cleveland, but includes some information generally applicable to the larger region, which is itself part of what is known historically as the Connecticut Western Reserve.

Combined Statistical Area[edit]

The larger Cleveland-Akron-Canton Combined Statistical Area is the 15th-largest Combined Statistical Area in the United States, and includes the above counties plus Ashtabula County, Carroll County, Erie County, Huron County, Portage County, Stark County, Summit County, and Tuscarawas County, with a population of 3,515,646.[2]

The Cleveland-Akron-Canton television Designated Market Area covers this area, and all of Northeast Ohio except for the Youngstown/Warren region. It is the 18th largest in the United States, according to Nielsen Media Research. Changes in house prices for Greater Cleveland are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 20-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market. The Greater Cleveland area is also part of the larger Great Lakes Megalopolis.

Northeast Ohio[edit]

Main article: Northeast Ohio

Northeast Ohio consists of 16 counties (Ashland, Ashtabula, Carroll, Columbiana, Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Portage, Richland, Stark, Summit, Trumbull and Wayne counties)[3] and includes the cities of Cleveland, Akron, Canton, Lorain, Elyria, Mansfield, Medina, Ashtabula, Youngstown, and Warren. Northeast Ohio is home to approximately 4 million people, has a labor force of almost 2 million, and a gross regional product of nearly $170 billion.[4] Other counties are sometimes considered to be in Northeast Ohio. These include Erie, Holmes, Huron and Tuscarawas counties, and their inclusion makes the total population of the entire northeastern section of Ohio well over 4.5 million people.[5]

Counties[edit]

Cities, townships, and villages[edit]

Cuyahoga County[edit]

Geauga County[edit]

Lake County[edit]

Lorain County[edit]

Medina County[edit]

Cities by population[edit]

These, in decreasing order of population, are the eight largest cities in Greater Cleveland of (2010):

City 2010
population[5][6]
Cleveland 396,815
Parma 81,601
Lorain 64,097
Elyria 54,533
Lakewood 52,131
Euclid 48,920
Mentor 47,159
Cleveland Heights 46,121

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 138,866
1850 183,011 31.8%
1860 213,239 16.5%
1870 271,793 27.5%
1880 355,787 30.9%
1890 485,688 36.5%
1900 653,320 34.5%
1910 913,217 39.8%
1920 1,426,311 56.2%
1930 1,784,239 25.1%
1940 1,886,863 5.8%
1950 2,233,237 18.4%
1960 2,825,414 26.5%
1970 3,098,516 9.7%
1980 2,938,277 −5.2%
1990 2,859,644 −2.7%
2000 2,945,831 3.0%
2010 2,881,937 −2.2%
Est. 2013 2,870,222 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2013 estimate[dead link]

According to the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2.88 million in the eight-county CSA of the Greater Cleveland Area, making it the largest combined-statistical area in the state of Ohio. [7] Approximately 48.2% of the population was male and 51.8% were female. In 2010 the racial makeup of the eight-county Area was 75.0% (2,161,351) Non-Hispanic Whites, 17.2% (497,033) Non-Hispanic Blacks or African Americans, 0.2% (5,608) Native American, 1.9% (55,087) Asian (0.6% Asian Indian 0.5% Chinese 0.2% Filipino, 0.1% Korean, 0.1% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese, 0.0% (593) Pacific Islander, 1.4% (39,325) from other races, and 2.0% (58,557) from two or more races. 3.9% (112,307) of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (2.2% Puerto Rican, 0.9% Mexican, 0.1% Spanish or Spaniard, 0.1% Cuban, 0.1% Dominican, 0.1% Guatemalan, 0.1% Colombian).

Akron, is the second largest city in the Greater Cleveland CSA.

The median income for a household in Greater Cleveland was $48,840 and the median income for a family, $63,228. The per capita income was $27,062. Persons living below the poverty line was 14.5%.[8] According performed by Capgemini and the World Wealth Report by Merrill Lynch, the Cleveland area has nearly 54,000 millionaire household, and is expected to continue to grow at seventeen percent over the next five years.[9][10]

For the past thirty years the Greater Cleveland area population has been in decline especially in terms of Non-Hispanic whites all the while still being the most diverse region in the State.[11] But at the same time has become even more increasingly diverse as well. ethnic groups. As of 2010 both the Hispanic and Asian population in the area grew by almost 40%,[12] Hispanics now number at 112,307 (up from 80,738 in 2000). And Asian alone accounts for 55,087 (up from 39,586 in 2000) but people who cite Asian and other ethnicites enumerate 67,231. The Chinese Americans are the oldest Asian group residing in the CSA, most visible in Cleveland's Chinatown. Nevertheless the area is also home to hundreds of Thais, Taiwanese, Pakistanis, Laotians, Cambodians, and Burmese peoples as well.

The Cleveland area is also home to some of the nation's largest Italian (numbering over 285,000), Slavic, and Hungarian populations. The Hungarian population was so great at one time that Cleveland boasted of having the highest concentration of Hungarians outside of Budapest. Cleveland-Akron area is home to a large Slavic population (17.2% far higher than the nation's rate of 6%). The Area is home to roughly 217,000 Polish, 81,000 Slovaks, 42,000 Slovenes 38,000 Czechs, 37,000 Russians, and 26,000 Ukrainians. Slavic Village and Shaker Square once had some of the larger concentration in Cleveland. Today, Slavic Village still continues to be home to many Slavic Ohioans. The Greater Cleveland area is home to the largest Slovak, Slovene, and Hungarian community in the world, outside of Slovakia, Slovenia, and Hungary.[13] In addition Slovenia maintains a Consulate-General in Downtown Cleveland.[14] The city of Cleveland has also received visits from the Presidents of Hungary[15] and Poland.[16]

Greater Cleveland is home to a sizable Jewish community. According to the North American Jewish Data Bank, an estimated 86,600 people or 3.0% as of 2011, above the nation's 1.7%, and up from 81,500 in 1996. The highest proportion in Cuyahoga County at 5.5% (of the county's total population).[17] Today 23 percent of Greater Cleveland's Jewish population is under 17. Twenty-seven percent of Jewish people reside in The Heights (Cleveland Heights, Shaker Heights, and University Heights). In 2010 nearly 2,800 people spoke Hebrew[18] and 1,180 Yiddish.[19]

Cleveland area is also home to a proportional LGBT community, with an estimated 4.3% LGBT population.[20] In Dec 2008, the Cleveland City Council passed a domestic partnership registry,[21] followed by the Cuyahoga County Council in Jan 2011.[22] In 2009 the City of Cleveland won the bid to host the 2014 Gay Games, in joint with Akron[23] In 2011, Cleveland was named the twelfth "Gayest City in America" by The Advocate magazine.[24]

Ancestry[edit]

The top largest ancestries were the following:[25][26]

Place of birth[edit]

Approximately 94.8% of the metropolitan area's population was native to the United States. Approximately 93.7% were born in the U.S. while 1.1% were born in Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, or born abroad to American parents. The rest of the population (5.2%) were foreign-born. The highest percentages of immigrants came from Europe (43.9%), Asia (35.3%), Latin America (13.3%); smaller percentages of newcomers came from Africa (3.9%), other parts of North America (3.3%), and Oceania (0.2%).[25] In 2010, the number of Greater Cleveland area residents born overseas was 150,531 and the leading countries of origin were India (15,163), China (10,699), Mexico (9,988), Ukraine (7,781), Germany (6,973), Russia (5,868), Yugoslavia (5,494), United Kingdom (5,300), Italy (5,225), Philippines (5,212), Canada (4,818), Romania (3,764), Hungary (3,540), Lebanon (3,059), Albania (3,008), and Poland (2,981).[27]

Language spoken at home[edit]

English is by far the most commonly spoken language at home by residents; approximately 91.2% of the population over the age of five spoke only English at home. Spanish speakers made up 2.8% of the population; speakers of Asian languages made up 1.1% of the population; speakers of other Indo-European languages made up 3.9% of the population. Individuals who spoke languages other than the ones above represented the remaining 1.0% of the populace. As of 2011, individually in addition to English, 2.7% spoke Spanish, 0.6% German, 0.5% Arabic, and 0.5% Chinese. 1.4% also spoke a Slavic language.[28] In 2007, Cleveland area was home to the nation's 3rd highest proportion of Hungarian speakers.[29]

Area codes[edit]

In the 1950s, AT&T assigned Greater Cleveland Area code 216, which included all of Northeast Ohio. In 1996, Area code 216 was reduced in size to cover the northern half of its prior area, centering on Cleveland and its lake shore suburbs. Area code 330 was introduced for the southern half of Greater Cleveland, including Medina County.

In 1997, area code 216 was further split as the need for additional phone numbers grew. Area code 216 was reduced in geographical area to cover the city of Cleveland and its inner ring suburbs. Area code 440 was introduced to cover the remainder of was what previously area code 216, including all of Lorain, Geauga, and Lake counties, and parts of Cuyahoga County. Some communities, such as Parma, and Parma Heights were divided between the 216 and 440 area codes. In 1999, Congressman Dennis Kucinich introduced federal legislation to protect small and medium-sized cities from being split into two or more area codes.[30][31]

In 2000, it was anticipated that the available phone numbers in area code 330 would be exhausted, and an overlay area code was introduced. Area code 234 was assigned to overlap existing area code 330. With the creation of area code 234, any new phone number in the geographical area formerly covered by area code 330 could be assigned a phone number in either the 234 or 330 area codes, with no change in local or long distance toll status. This made necessary the use of ten-digit dialing within the 330/234 area code region. After the introduction of area code 234, assignments of new telephone numbers in the area did not continue at an accelerated pace, and new phone numbers for area code 234 were not assigned until 2003.[32]

Economy[edit]

In 2011 the Greater Cleveland area had a GDP of $134.4 billion (up from $130.7 billion in 2008), which would rank 57th among countries. Cleveland also has the twelfth highest merchandise value at $109.2 billion.[4]

Business and industry[edit]

Lake Erie and the Downtown Cleveland skyline as seen from Lakewood Park, Lakewood.

More than 37% of Fortune 500 companies are present in Northeast Ohio, through corporate headquarters, major divisions, subsidiaries, and sales offices. In addition, more than 150 international companies have a presence there. As of 2006, Northeast Ohio serves as the corporate headquarters of 25 Fortune 1000 firms (shown with 2006 rankings below):

Other large employers include:

Small businesses and startups[edit]

The Council of Smaller Enterprises coordinates and advocates for small businesses in the region.[33][34] Many of the area's sustainability-oriented companies are tied into the network Entrepreneurs for Sustainability.[35][36]

Shopping[edit]

Cleveland area has many options for shopping. Some of the well known shopping areas include:

Colleges and universities[edit]

Greater Cleveland is home to a number of higher education institutions, including:

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Greater Cleveland is served by international, regional and county airports, including:

Highways[edit]

The Greater Cleveland highway network

Highway notes[edit]

Public transit[edit]

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority operates a bus system and heavy and light rail in Cuyahoga County. Other transit agencies serve the surrounding counties and provide connections with RTA, including Laketran in Lake County, and Lorain County Transit in Lorain County. Cleveland's RTA Red Line which started in 1955, is the eighth oldest heavy rail rapid transit in the Country In 2007, RTA was named the best public transit system in North America by the American Public Transportation Association, for "demonstrating achievement in efficiency and effectiveness."[41]

Culture[edit]

Theater[edit]

Playhouse Square Center is the epicenter of the Cleveland Theater District and the second largest theater district in the United States.[42]

Playhouse Square Theaters[edit]

View of the Ohio Theatre's marquee on Euclid Avenue, looking west. On the left is the Hanna building.

In addition, Greater Cleveland has additional theaters throughout the region.

Theaters[edit]

Theatrical companies[edit]

Music[edit]

Cleveland is home to the Cleveland Orchestra, widely considered one of the finest orchestras in the world, and often referred to as the finest in the United States.[65] It is one of the "Big Five" major orchestras in the United States. The Orchestra plays at Severance Hall in University Circle during the winter and at Blossom Music Center in Cuyahoga Falls during the summer.[66] The city is also home to the Cleveland Pops Orchestra.

Art[edit]

There are two main art museums in Cleveland. The Cleveland Museum of Art is a major American art museum,[67] with a collection that includes more than 40,000 works of art ranging over 6,000 years, from ancient masterpieces to contemporary pieces. Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland showcases established and emerging artists, particularly from the Cleveland area, through hosting and producing temporary exhibitions.[68]

Sports and recreation[edit]

Cleveland's professional sports teams include the Cleveland Indians (Major League Baseball), Cleveland Browns (National Football League), and Cleveland Cavaliers (National Basketball Association). The Lake County Captains, a Single-A minor league affiliate of the Cleveland Indians, play in Eastlake at Classic Park. Additionally, the Lake Erie Crushers of the Frontier League play at All Pro Freight Stadium in Avon.

Minor league hockey is represented in the area by the Lake Erie Monsters of the American Hockey League. They began play in the 2007–08 AHL season at the Quicken Loans Arena. The team is the top minor league affiliate of the Colorado Avalanche of the National Hockey League.

The Cleveland Metroparks are a system of nature preserves that encircle the city, and the Cuyahoga Valley National Park encompasses the Cuyahoga River valley between Cleveland and Akron. The region is home to Mentor Headlands Beach, the longest natural beach on the Great Lakes.

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Table of United States Metropolitan Statistical Areas
  2. ^ Table of United States Combined Statistical Areas
  3. ^ Cleveland Plus: Northeast Ohio Counties. Retrieved September 20, 2010.
  4. ^ a b http://usmayors.org/metroeconomies/0712/FullReport.pdf
  5. ^ a b "Ohio QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". Quickfacts.census.gov. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  6. ^ A Founder of Cleveland+. "About Northeast Ohio - Cleveland Plus Region - Greater Cleveland Partnership". Gcpartnership.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  7. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table
  8. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_DP03&prodType=table
  9. ^ "Crain's Cleveland Business". Crainscleveland.com. 2008-06-25. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  10. ^ San Francisco Business Times by Mark Calvey (2008-06-24). "S.F. competes with Detroit, Pittsburgh and Cleveland in expected growth of millionaires - San Francisco Business Times". Bizjournals.com. Retrieved 2012-11-09. 
  11. ^ Northeast Ohio. "Northeast Ohio suburbs lead state in ethnic diversity, census numbers show". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  12. ^ Northeast Ohio. "Asians, Hispanics populate latest wave of Northeast". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  13. ^ http://www.city.cleveland.oh.us/portal/page/portal/CityofCleveland/Home/Government/MayorsOffice/Office_of_Government_Affairs/SisterCities#heidenheim
  14. ^ "Consulate general of the Republic of Slovenia in Cleveland, USA". Cleveland.konzulat.si. 2011-10-24. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  15. ^ Ivan Sekretarev, Associated Press. "Hungarian President Pal Schmitt arrives in Cleveland today for visit". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  16. ^ Plain Dealer file. "Cleveland's Slavic Village welcomes the president of Poland today: Global Village". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  17. ^ "Jewish Map of the United States - Comenetz 2011 - [North American Jewish Data Bank]". Jewishdatabank.org. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  18. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_B16001&prodType=table
  19. ^ http://www.usefoundation.org/view/981
  20. ^ "ACS study.qxp" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  21. ^ Northeast Ohio. "Cleveland council votes to enact domestic partner registry | cleveland.com". Blog.cleveland.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  22. ^ Joshua Gunter, Plain Dealer file photo. "Cuyahoga County approves domestic partner benefits". cleveland.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  23. ^ "Gay Games 9: Cleveland + Akron". Gg9cle.com. 2012-09-18. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  24. ^ Albo, Mike (2011-01-12). "Gayest Cities in America February 2011". Advocate.com. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  25. ^ a b http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP02&prodType=table
  26. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_B04003&prodType=table
  27. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_B05006&prodType=table
  28. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_11_5YR_B16001&prodType=table
  29. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/heritage/index.ssf?/heritage/more/hungary/hungary1.html
  30. ^ "Congressman Dennis Kucinich". Kucinich.house.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  31. ^ H.R.2439, 106th United States Congress
  32. ^ Lin-Fisher, Betty (October 31, 2003). "CALL FOR MORE TELEPHONE NUMBERS ANSWERED - 234 AREA CODE CONNECTED MOST PEOPLE ARE STILL BEING ASSIGNED 330 NUMBERS". Akron Beacon Journal (Knight Ridder). p. D1. 
  33. ^ Colleen Mulcahy, "Benefits administrator blasts health mandates. (John Polk)", National Underwriter Property & Casualty-Risk & Benefits Management, Oct. 14, 1991.
  34. ^ Shannon Mortland, "COSE to help push ideas for reforming health care.(Health Care)(Council of Smaller Enterprises)(Brief Article)", Crain's Cleveland Business, Aug. 8, 2005.
  35. ^ "GROWING GREENER GOOD FOR BUSINESS GROUP HOPING TO FIND NEW WAYS TO TURN WASTE MATERIAL INTO PROFIT", Akron Beacon Journal (OH), May 5, 2008.
  36. ^ "Making Change: Sustainable Businesses", 90.3 WCPN ideastream, Wednesday, May 28, 2003.
  37. ^ "Beachwood Place Directory - Top Stores, Shops, Brands in Cleveland, Ohio". Beachwoodplace.com. 2013-01-04. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  38. ^ "E T O N : Chagrin Boulevard : Stores". Etonchagrinblvd.com. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  39. ^ "Directory". Legacy Village. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  40. ^ "Retail Stores – Westlake, Ohio". Crocker Park. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  41. ^ Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority (October 1, 2007). Greater Cleveland: Best Location for Public Transportation in the Nation. Press release. Retrieved on October 6, 2007.
  42. ^ http://www.playhousesquare.org/about-playhousesquare-main/about-playhousesquare
  43. ^ "Beck Center for the Arts". Lkwdpl.org. 2010-01-03. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  44. ^ "Something Dada Improvisational Comedy". Cabaretdada.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  45. ^ [1][dead link]
  46. ^ "Cleveland Play House". Cleveland Play House. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  47. ^ Pavlish Group: Jason Maxwell / Don Pavlish. "Cleveland Public Theatre ~ Home". Cptonline.org. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  48. ^ "Dobama Theatre - Cleveland's Contemporary Stage". Dobama.org. 2010-06-05. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  49. ^ [2][dead link]
  50. ^ "Bay Village, Ohio". Huntington Playhouse. 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  51. ^ Karamu House website
  52. ^ "Near West Theatre". Near West Theatre. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  53. ^ Rick Evans. "Olde Towne Hall Theatre". Olde Towne Hall Theatre. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  54. ^ "Bodwin Theatre Company". Bodwin_theatre.tripod.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  55. ^ "Charenton Theater Company". Charenton.org. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  56. ^ "Cleveland Shakespeare Festival". Cleveshakes.org. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  57. ^ "Convergence Continuum". Convergence Continuum. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  58. ^ "Fairmount Center for the Arts". Fairmountcenter.org. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  59. ^ "INDEX". Fourthwallproductions.com. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  60. ^ "Great Lakes Theater Festival". Greatlakestheater.org. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  61. ^ [3][dead link]
  62. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 2005-12-11. Archived from the original on 2005-12-11. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  63. ^ "The Public Squares". The Public Squares. Retrieved 2010-08-01. 
  64. ^ [4][dead link]
  65. ^ Walsh, Michael. "The Finest Orchestra? (Surprise!) Cleveland". Time. (1994-01-10) Retrieved on 2007-08-01.
  66. ^ A Brief History of the Cleveland Orchestra. Cleveland Orchestra. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  67. ^ Cleveland Museum of Art. Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. 1997-06-14. Retrieved on 2007-07-22.
  68. ^ Who We Are. Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland. Retrieved on 2007-08-16.

External links[edit]