Greater Jakarta (Indonesian: Jakarta Raya) is the urban agglomeration surrounding Jakarta, Indonesia, the capital and largest city in the country. There are multiple definitions, all of which rank Greater Jakarta among the largest urban agglomerations on the planet.
Jakarta and Greater Jakarta in general, are home to people from all over Indonesia and Southeast Asia, as well as a sizeable expatriate population. Greater Jakarta has significant numbers of Sundanese, Javanese, Betawi as well as Bataks from the rest of the island.
The definition of Jabodetabek is the basis for all metropolitan area definitions, however, it became a former designation in 2011.
Various Names and Definitions
As Greater Jakarta continued its rapid growth and sprawl over the decades, definitions are modified and municipalities (kota) coalesced out of regencies. Names grow longer as syllables of cities are tacked on the ends. Initially, the metropolitan area was defined as:
- Jabotabek, the combination of Jakarta + Bogor + Tangerang + Bekasi cities (Kota) and Regencies (Kabupaten), this name was rendered obsolete when Depok was added.
- Jabodetabek, Depok was carved out of Bogor Regency in 1999, leading to the new name (but covering the same area as Jabotabek) Similarly, South Tangerang was carved out of Tangerang Regency, without a name change or area change. Former official government designation, which in turn became obsolete in 2011 (however, this name and definition are still in popular use).
Furthermore, as the region is densely populated and large cities lie just outside even this definition, the following table has been provided:
|Metropolitan Area name||Details||Population 2010 Census||Area (km2)||Population Density (People/km2)||Agency||Pop Date||Map|
|Area of DKI Jakarta||"City" of Jakarta, urban core. Latest population here||9,607,787||664||14,469||BPS, Tabel Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010||2010 Census|
|Jabodetabek||"Former" Official Metropolitan area of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi cities and regencies, dense suburbanized zone.||27,957,104||6,392||4,373.8||BPS, Tabel Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010||2010 Census|