Greater Manchester Built-up Area

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Greater Manchester Built-up Area
Conurbation
A map of the Greater Manchester Built-up Area according to the 2011 census, with Travel to Work Areas overlaid.  Manchester is highlighted in orange
A map of the Greater Manchester Built-up Area according to the 2011 census, with Travel to Work Areas overlaid. Manchester is highlighted in orange
Coordinates: 53°30′N 2°18′W / 53.5°N 2.3°W / 53.5; -2.3Coordinates: 53°30′N 2°18′W / 53.5°N 2.3°W / 53.5; -2.3
Sovereign state United Kingdom United Kingdom
Constituent country England England
Largest settlements
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 2,553,379
 • Rank 2nd
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcode BL, M, OL, SK, WN
Area code(s) 01204, 01457, 0161, 01625, 01706, 01942

The Greater Manchester Built-up Area is an area of land defined by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), consisting of the large conurbation that encompasses the urban element of the city of Manchester and the continuous metropolitan area that spreads outwards from it, forming much of Greater Manchester in North West England. According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, the Greater Manchester Built-up Area has a population of 2,553,379[1] making it the United Kingdom's second most populous conurbation after the Greater London Built-up Area. This was an increase of 14% from the population recorded at the United Kingdom Census 2001 of 2,240,230, when it was known as the Greater Manchester Urban Area.[2]

The Greater Manchester Built-up Area is not conterminous with Greater Manchester, a metropolitan county of the same name, for it excludes settlements such as Wigan and Marple from Greater Manchester, but includes hinterland settlements which lie outside of its statutory boundaries, such as Wilmslow in Cheshire, Glossop in Derbyshire and Whitworth in Lancashire.

Constituent parts[edit]

The Greater Manchester Urban Area in 2001
An aerial photograph looking west, centred on Manchester and Salford

The largest settlements (in descending order of population) within the Greater Manchester Built-up Area are Manchester, Bolton, Stockport, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, and Bury. These settlements are not coterminous with the Metropolitan Boroughs of the same name, and the ONS takes some of its settlement boundaries within the conurbation from the contiguous urban core of pre-Local Government Act 1972 local government districts. This means that the GMUA bears a much closer resemblance to the earlier "SELNEC" area than to the Greater Manchester Metropolitan County. Unlike most urban areas which expanded outwards around a central core of employment the Greater Manchester Urban Area was formed from the inward expansion of several large manufacturing towns towards a centralised marketplace for the trading of goods and raw materials.

Wigan is separate from the Greater Manchester Built-up Area, although other parts of the wider Metropolitan Borough of Wigan are included. Wigan and Ince-in-Makerfield, are included in a separate Wigan Urban Area, which includes places outside of Greater Manchester. The gap is formed between Ince (of Wigan Urban Area) and Hindley (Greater Manchester Urban Area).

Other built-up areas, including New Mills and the rest of High Peak are narrowly avoided as is Ashton-in-Makerfield and much of the parish of Saddleworth.

Settlements[edit]

According to the ONS definitions the Greater Manchester Built-up Area consists of the following settlements:

Rank (2001) Urban subdivision 2011 [1] 2001[3] 1991[4] 1981[5] Extent
1 Manchester 510,746 394,269 402,889 448,604 [6]
2 Bolton 194,189 139,403 139,020 143,921 [7]
3 Sale 134,022 55,234 56,052 57,933 [8]
4 Rochdale 107,926 95,796 94,313 97,942 [9]
5 Stockport 105,878 136,082 132,813 136,792 [10]
6 Salford 103,886 72,750 79,755 98,343 [11]
7 Oldham 96,555 103,544 103,931 107,830 [12]
8 Bury 77,211 60,718 62,633 62,181
9 Atherton 70,542 20,302 21,696 22,032
10 Altrincham 52,419 40,695 40,042 39,693
11 Ashton-under-Lyne 45,198 43,236 43,906 44,196
12 Middleton 42,972 45,314 45,621 51,437
13 Urmston 41,825 40,964 41,804 44,030
14 Eccles 38,756 36,610 36,000 37,792
15 Denton 36,591 26,866 37,785 37,724
16 Wilmslow 35,945 28,604 28,933
17 Chadderton 34,818 33,001 34,026 33,518
18 Romiley 34,696
19 Hyde 34,003 31,253 30,666 30,551
20 Glossop 33,020
21 Radcliffe 29,950 34,239 32,567 27,642
22 Heywood 28,205 28,024 29,286 29,686
23 Farnworth 26,939 25,264 25,053 26,148
24 Stretford 26,813 42,103 43,953 47,771
25 Stalybridge 26,482 22,568 22,921 23,668
26 Swinton 25,362
27 Hindley 24,497 23,457 22,581 21,493
28 Cheadle Hulme 24,362
29 Golborne 24,167
30 Droylsden 24,134 23,172 22,666 22,624
31 Royton 23,812 22,238 21,475 21,098
32 Newton-le-Willows 22,114
33 Walkden 21,194 36,218 38,685 39,466
34 Gatley 20,997
35 Whitefield 20,975 23,284 22,783 27,650
36 Dukinfield 20,909 18,885 17,917 17,501
37 Irlam 19,933 19,018 18,504
38 Horwich 19,492 18,289 18,017 16,769
39 Hazel Grove 19,365
40 Failsworth 18,844 20,007 20,160 20,951
41 Shaw 18,815
42 Ramsbottom 17,872 17,352 17,318 16,334
43 Bramhall 17,436
44 Hale 16,624 15,316 15,868 16,308
45 Tyldesley 16,142 34,022 30,606 27,903
46 Poynton 15,282 14,038 14,768 15,078
47 Cheadle 13,467
48 Uppermill 13,448
49 Lees 13,062
50 Little Lever 12,803 11,082 11,589 12,062
51 Littleborough 12,370 13,807 13,638 13,787
52 Kearsley 11,150 9,906 9,287 9,666
53 Mossley 10,772 10,569 8,865
54 Milnrow 10,015 12,776 12,541 11,631
55 Worsley 9,108
56 Partington 7,912 7,723 9,109
57 Whitworth 7,500 5,672 5,679 5,682
58 Hattersley 4,825
59 Blackrod 4,548
60 Gamesley 3,263
Cheadle and Gatley 57,507 58,457 59,828
Leigh 43,006 43,150 42,929
Swinton and Pendlebury 41,347 43,155 44,508
Hazel Grove and Bramhall 38,724 39,730 40,680
Wilmslow/Alderley Edge 34,087
Prestwich 31,693 31,801 32,035
Bredbury and Romiley 28,167 28,205 28,558
Bromley Cross/Bradshaw 22,747 22,017 21,728
Shaw and Crompton 19,335 19,348 19,258
Audenshaw 12,790 13,173 10,771
Longdendale 8,680 10,890 12,901
Handforth 8,014
Tottington 7,545 7,673 6,745
Wardle 7,092 6,622 2,149
Brinnington 6,759
Bowdon 6,079 5,141 4,894
Alderley Edge 5,280 5,009
Buckton Vale 3,592 3,457

Notes:

  • Wilmslow and Alderley Edge have combined data in 2001 census, but are separate within 1981 and 1991 data
  • Brinnington is not recognised as a settlement in 1981 and 1991 censuses
  • Prestwich forms part of the Manchester subdivision in the 2011 census.
  • Pendlebury forms part of the Salford subdivision in the 2011 census.
  • Leigh forms part of the Atherton subdivision in the 2011 census.
  • In the 2011 census the Sale subdivision includes large areas that were formerly part of the Manchester subdivision.
  • Buckton Vale and Mossley were recognised as settlements within the Greater Manchester Urban Area in 1991 census, but were considered to be outside the Greater Manchester Urban Area in 2001. In the 2001 Census, they are considered to be part of a separate Mossley/Buckton Vale urban area, which had a population of 13,344, made up of sub-divisions of Mossley (9,713) and Buckton Vale (3,631). However they were considered to be inside the Greater Manchester Urban Area in 2011.
  • Irlam is not considered to be part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area in 1981
  • Golborne, Uppermill, Blackrod, Newton-le-Willows and Glossop were all considered separate urban areas until the 2011 census.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census - Built-up areas". ONS. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Key Statistics for urban areas in England and Wales, 2001 Census. URL accessed February 21, 2007.
  3. ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area", ons.gov.uk (Office for National Statistics), 22 July 2004, KS01 Usual resident population Page white excel.png, retrieved 7 December 2008 
  4. ^ Greater Manchester Urban Area 1991 Census, National Statistics, retrieved 7 December 2008 
  5. ^ 1981 Key Statistics for Urban Areas: The North Table 1, Office for National Statistics, 1981 
  6. ^ Manchester Urban Subdivision, Nomis, retrieved 4 July 2013 
  7. ^ Bolton Urban Subdivision, Nomis, retrieved 4 July 2013 
  8. ^ Sale Urban Subdivision, Nomis, retrieved 4 July 2013 
  9. ^ Rochdale Urban Subdivision, Nomis, retrieved 4 July 2013 
  10. ^ Stockport Urban Subdivision, Nomis, retrieved 4 July 2013 
  11. ^ Salford Urban Subdivision, Nomis, retrieved 4 July 2013 
  12. ^ Oldham Urban Subdivision, Nomis, retrieved 4 July 2013 

External links[edit]