Greater Montreal

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Greater Montreal
Grand Montréal
Metropolitan area
Montreal Metropolitan Community
Official logo of Greater Montreal
Logo
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Area[1]
 • Land 4,258.31 km2 (1,644.14 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 3,824,221
 • Density 898.1/km2 (2,326/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code prefixes H, J
Area code(s) 438, 450, 514, 579
CMM - Montréal.svg

Greater Montreal shown in light blue, with the City of Montreal proper in dark blue.

Greater Montreal is the most populous metropolitan area in Quebec, and the second most populous in Canada after Greater Toronto. As of 2009, Statistics Canada identifies Montreal's Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) as 4,258.31 square kilometres (1,644.14 sq mi) with a population of 3,824,221 as of 2011.[1]

A smaller area of 3,838 square kilometres (1,482 sq mi) is governed by the Montreal Metropolitan Community (MMC) (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, CMM). This level of government is headed by a president (currently Montreal mayor Denis Coderre).

The inner ring is composed of densely populated municipalities located in close proximity to Downtown Montreal. It includes the entire Island of Montreal, Laval, and the Urban Agglomeration of Longueuil.

The outer ring is composed of low-density municipalities located on the fringe of Metropolitan Montreal. Most of these cities and towns are semi-rural. Specifically, the term off-island suburbs refers to those suburbs that are located on the North Shore of the Mille-Îles River, those on the South Shore that were never included in the megacity of Longueuil, and those on the Vaudreuil-Soulanges Peninsula. Communities in that area are also informally referred to as the 450, after the telephone area code that has served the region since 1998.

Due to their proximity to Montreal's downtown core, some suburbs on the South Shore (Longueuil, Brossard, Saint-Lambert, and Boucherville) are usually not included in the off-island suburbs even though they are on the mainland.

Satellite image of Greater Montreal

Largest cities[edit]

The largest cities in Greater Montreal[2]
Rank City Region Population (2011) Land Area Population Density
km2 mi2 /km2 /mi2
1 Montreal Montreal 1,649,519 365.13 140.98 4,517.6 11,701
2 Laval Laval 401,553 247.09 95.40 1,625.1 4,209
3 Longueuil Montérégie 231,409 115.59 44.63 2,002.0 5,185
4 Terrebonne Lanaudière 106,322 154.60 59.69 687.7 1,781
5 Repentigny Lanaudière 82,000 61.79 23.86 1,327.7 3,439
6 Brossard Montérégie 79,273 45.20 17.45 1,753.9 4,543
7 Saint-Jérôme Laurentides 68,456 90.52 34.95 756.3 1,959
8 Blainville Laurentides 53,510 55.10 21.27 971.1 2,515
9 Dollard-des-Ormeaux Montreal 49,637 15.10 5.83 3,286.7 8,513
10 Châteauguay Montérégie 45,904 35.89 13.86 1,278.9 3,312


Cities and towns[edit]

Municipalities in the Montreal Metropolitan Community and Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA)
Area Regional county municipality (where applicable) In Metropolitan Community[a 1] In CMA only
Urban agglomeration of Montreal
Laval
Urban agglomeration of Longueuil
North Shore (Laurentides) Deux-Montagnes
Thérèse-De Blainville
[a 4]
Argenteuil
La Rivière-du-Nord
North Shore (Lanaudière) L'Assomption
Les Moulins
D'Autray
South Shore (Montérégie) Beauharnois-Salaberry
La Vallée-du-Richelieu
Marguerite-D'Youville
Roussillon
Rouville
Vaudreuil-Soulanges
  1. ^ a b in area served by the Agence métropolitaine de transport
  2. ^ subdivided into nineteen boroughs
  3. ^ subdivided into the boroughs of Le Vieux-Longueuil, Saint-Hubert and Greenfield Park.
  4. ^ classified as an equivalent territory
  5. ^ a b c not part of the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area

Kanesatake and Kahnawake are located within the Metropolitan Community, but are not part of it.

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1871 174,090 —    
1881 223,512 +28.4%
1891 308,169 +37.9%
1901 393,665 +27.7%
1911 594,812 +51.1%
1921 774,330 +30.2%
1931 1,064,448 +37.5%
1941 1,192,235 +12.0%
1951 1,539,308 +29.1%
1956 1,745,001 +13.4%
1961 2,110,679 +21.0%
1966 2,570,985 +21.8%
1971 2,743,208 +6.7%
1976 2,802,485 +2.2%
1981 2,862,286 +2.1%
1986 2,921,357 +2.1%
1991 3,208,970 +9.8%
1996 3,326,510 +3.7%
2001 3,426,350 +3.0%
2006 3,635,571 +6.1%
2011 3,824,221 +5.2%
[3]
Mother tongue languages (2006)[4]
Language Greater Montreal Quebec Canada
French 69.0% 82.0% 23.3%
English 13.2% 8.6% 58.4%
Italian 3.5% 1.8% 1.5%
Arabic 3.1% 1.6% 0.9%
Spanish 2.6% 1.5% 1.2%
Creole 1.4% 0.7% 0.2%
Chinese 1.2% 0.6% 1.5%
Greek 1.2% 0.6% 0.4%
Portuguese 0.9% 0.5% 0.7%
Romanian 0.7% 0.4% 0.3%
Berber 0.7% 0.4% 0.3%
Vietnamese 0.7% 0.4% 0.5%
Russian 0.5% 0.3% 0.4%
Armenian 0.4% 0.2% 0.1%
Polish 0.4% 0.2% 0.7%

Transportation[edit]

The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) (English: Metropolitan Transportation Agency) plans, integrates, and coordinates public transport across Greater Montreal, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the north shore of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River. Established in 1996, the AMT's commuter rail system has five lines linking the downtown core with communities as far west as Hudson, as far east as Mont-Saint-Hilaire, and as far north as Saint-Jérôme. AMT's mandate also includes the management of reserved High-occupancy vehicle lanes, metropolitan bus terminuses, park-and-ride lots, and a budget of $163 million, which is shared amongst the transit corporations and inter-municipal public transit organizations. The AMT's territory spans 63 municipalities and one native reserve, 13 regional county municipalities, and 21 transit authorities. It serves a population of approximately 3.7 million people who make more than 750,000 trips daily.[citation needed]

The major transit commissions under the Metropolitan Transit Agency are:

Additionally, there are numerous smaller transit agencies known as Conseil Intermunicipal de Transport (CIT) (English: Intermunicipal Transit Councils).

Education[edit]

Postsecondary educational institutions in the Greater Montreal Area
Universities CEGEPs and other colleges Other schools

(In Montreal, except where otherwise noted.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 45°34′N 73°40′W / 45.56°N 73.66°W / 45.56; -73.66