Greater Portugal, also known as Portugalicia, is an idea of some Portuguese nationalists, which aims to unify the Portuguese-speaking territories outside the actual frontiers of Portugal, that includes the autonomous region of Galicia, the Eonavian region, the territory of Olivença, many villages along the border that speak any kind of Portuguese-Galician dialect, such as the Fala language. The archipelagos of Cape Verde and São Tomé and Príncipe are also part of this idea.
The concept of a Greater Portugal has its origins during the Portuguese Age of Discoveries, when Portuguese navigators and explorers discovered previously uninhabited lands such as the Madeira Islands, Savage Islands, Azores, Cape Verde, the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe and several other lands in the Atlantic.
Though the concept of a Greater Portugal is thought to be a recent political ideology held by some Portuguese nationalists, such a concept indeed dates back much further and was recorded by the English author, George Young in his 1917 book entitled: Portugal, Old and Young - an Historical Study, published by Oxford University Press:
"In other words, the foundations of a Portuguese Republic were laid when Vasco da Gama made the Monarchy an autocracy by pouring into its pockets the wealth of the Indies, and when the Portuguese viceroys founded the Greater Portugal overseas."
During the 19th century, Greater Portugal lost one of its most prized possessions – Brazil, which was mainly caused by the unsuccessful invasion of Portugal by both Spain and France.[verification needed] In the 20th century, certain regions of Greater Portugal were elevated in importance and promoted for increased immigration.[verification needed] Others such as the Azores and Cape Verde Islands, were of great strategic importance and make an appearance in German documents during the Second World War on August 24, 1940.[verification needed]
The term Portugalicia is still preserved in a number of political initiatives. Although the boundaries of Portugalicia are not strictly defined, some proponents portray them as encompassing the following areas:
Sometimes also included:
- Disputed status of Olivenza
- Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal
- Portuguese language
- Greater Netherlands
- John Robert Seeley, "The Expansion of England"
- John Michael Francis, "Iberia and the Americas"
- James P.Duffy, "Target America: Hitler’s Plan to attack the USA"
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