Greater Richmond Transit Company
|Slogan||It's So Easy!|
|Headquarters||301 East Belt Boulevard|
|Service area||Richmond, Virginia|
|Service type||bus service, paratransit|
|Routes||59 local routes
12 express routes
1 Church Hill/Briel Street 1 Monument/St. Mary's Hospital 1 Monument-Wythe 2 Church Hill/R Street 2 Patterson/Regency Square 2 Patterson/Three Chopt 3 Robinson/South Meadow 3PP Fairmount/Fairfield Court 4 Robinson/South Belmont 4P Fairmount/Whitcomb Court 6 Broad Street/Downtown 6 Broad Street/Willow Lawn 6 East Main/Darbytown 6 East Main/Montrose Heights 6 East Main/Parker Street 7 Seven Pines/Downtown 7 Seven Pines via Nine Mile Rd. 7 Seven Pines via Williamsburg Rd. 10 Riverview/South Allen Avenue 10 Riverview/Downtown 11 17th Street/Mosby Court 11 17th Street/Downtown 16 Grove/Downtown 16 Grove/University of Richmond 18 Henrico Government Center 19 Pemberton Rd. 24 Crestwood/Downtown 24 Crestwood/Westbrook 26 Parham Express 27 Glenside Express 28 Fair Oaks Express (Airport) 29 Gaskins Express 32E Ginter Park/Downtown 32E Ginter Park/Washington Park 32W Ginter Park/Downtown 32W Ginter Park/Washington Park 34 Fourth Avenue/Highland Park 34 Highland Park/Downtown 37 Chamberlayne/Azalea Avenue 37 Chamberlayne/Downtown 45 Jefferson/Creighton Court 45 Jefferson/Downtown62 Hull Street/Broad Rock
|Fleet||231 buses & vans|
|Chief executive||Eldridge F. Coles|
|Website||GRTC Transit System|
GRTC primarily serves the independent city of Richmond and a very small portion of the adjacent counties of Henrico and Chesterfield with a fleet of over 175 diesel-powered and CNG-powered transit buses operating approximately 59 routes.
GRTC uses government-funded equipment and resources principally provided by the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), Virginia Department of Rail and Public Transportation (VDRPT), and local funds. It also maintains equipment and has other affiliations with Petersburg Area Transit, a similar agency which also serves a portion of Chesterfield County.
Ownership and management
As a public service company, GRTC is owned equally by the City of Richmond and neighboring Chesterfield County. Henrico County currently purchases services from it, but holds no ownership interest.
It is managed by a private transit management company that provides the CEO, COO, and Transportation Manager, as was its predecessor, Virginia Transit Company (VTC). GRTC itself has 500 employees.
In 1860, Richmond Railway was organized, beginning operations in August. The service was forced to stop for nearly 2 years during the Civil War.
In 1866, Joseph Jackson, Jr., acquired control and resumed operations.
In 1881, it was sold to Richmond City Railway Company.
In 1887, The Richmond City Council adopted an ordinance granting a franchise to the Richmond Union Passenger Railway Company to operate a street railway system. Ground was broken for laying rail.
In 1888, Frank Sprague installed a complete system of electric streetcars in Richmond, Virginia. This was the first large scale and successful use of electricity to run a city's entire system of streetcars. Operation of streetcars continued until they were totally replaced by buses in 1949.
In 1925, Virginia Railway and Power company bought the transit system.
In 1944, the Securities and Exchange Commission directed Virginia Electric and Power company to confine its activities to the electricity business.
In 1944, the Richmond transit bus system (and a similar one in Norfolk) was purchased by VTC, which became part of the United Transit Company the next year. In 1962, American Transportation Enterprises Inc. (ATE) acquired a controlling interest in United Transit Company. After World War II, public transit systems in the United States became unprofitable, and most were eventually converted to government-owned and funded operations. This trend included Virginia Transit Company operations in Richmond and Norfolk.
In 1947, the Main Street and Westhampton streetcar lines are motorized. Virginia Transit Company began conversion to motor buses.
In 1949, Buses replace electric trolleys. On November 25, 1949, ten streetcars make the last run.
In 1962, American Transportation Enterprises, Inc., acquired controlling interest in United Transit Company.
In 1972, federal, state and local funds were used to purchase the assets of the Virginia Transit Company, and a new public service company was set up, GRTC, which was wholly owned by the City of Richmond. A one-half interest was later purchased by Chesterfield County in the late 1980s. Henrico County declined to purchase a portion at that time.
Immediately after GRTC was formed, American Transportation Enterprises, Inc., through a subsidiary, continued to provide management.
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Color-coded routes, Express buses, and Park-and-Ride buses
There are five color routes that serve various neighborhoods of Richmond.
- Blue route: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 10, 11, 16—serving downtown, the Fan district, Church Hill and portions of The West End, south of Broad Street
- Purple route: 7, 56, 91—serving The East End with 3 trips each weekday to Richmond International Airport
- Orange route: 18, 19—serving portions of The West End north of Broad Street
- Black route: 22, 24, 32, 34, 37, 93—serving the North Side.
- Green route: 62, 63, 67, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 101—serving Southside
To complement Color-coded routes, Express buses run from downtown to various points with few or no stops. Express buses are as follows:
- Parham Road - 23, 26
- Glenside Avenue - 23, 27
- White Oaks Village - 28
- Gaskins Road - 29
Most routes converge on downtown Richmond near Richmond City Hall and the VCU Medical Campus on Broad Street with the exception of routes 18, 91, 93 and 101. Although Chesterfield County is a part owner of GRTC and the county is largely urbanized, there is no public transportation in Chesterfield aside from the Brandermill express run and the two routes (Midlothian Turnpike and Jefferson Davis Highway) that travel roughly half a mile over the city line and then turn back into the city of Richmond. Service in Henrico County is also very limited, with very little bus service in the northern part of the county, and none in the Varina area or Short Pump.
The GRTC bus garage, originally a streetcar facility, is located in the City at Robinson and Cary Streets. Petersburg Area Transit buses are also frequently serviced at this location. In 2007, a new facility was being developed near the intersection of Belt Boulevard and Midlothian Turnpike in South Richmond.
Numerical list of routes
A complete list of routes is as follows:
- 01 -- Monument/Church Hill pdf map
- 02 -- Patterson Avenue/Church Hill pdf map
- 03—Robinson/Fairmount (Maymont/Fairfield Court)pdf map
- 04—Robinson/Fairmount (Carytown/Whitcomb Court)pdf map
- 06—Broad/East Main pdf map
- 07—Seven Pines pdf map
- 10—Riverview/Jefferson pdf map
- 11—17th Street pdf map
- 16—Grove pdf map
- 18—Henrico Shuttle pdf map
- 19—Pemberton Road pdf map
- 22—Hermitage pdf map
- 23—Glenside/Parham Road Park and Rides pdf map
- 24—Crestwood pdf map
- 26—Parham Road Park and Ride pdf map
- 27—Glenside Park and Ride pdf map
- 28—White Oaks Village Park and Ride pdf map
- 29—Gaskins Park and Ride pdf map
- 32—Ginter Park pdf map
- 34—Highland Park pdf map
- 37—Chamberlayne pdf map
- 56—South Laburnum pdf map
- 62—Hull Street pdf map
- 63—Midlothian pdf map
- 64—Stony Point Express pdf map
- 66—Spring Rock Green Express pdf map
- 67 -- Chippenham Express pdf map
- 70—Forest Hill via Huguenot Rd pdf map
- 71—Forest Hill via Chippenham Rd pdf map
- 72—Ruffin Road pdf map
- 73—Ampthill pdf map
- 74—Oakgrove pdf map
- 81—Chesterfield Express pdf map
- 82—Winterpock/Lowe's Park and Ride Express pdf map
- 91—Laburnum Connector pdf map
- 93—Azalea Connector pdf map
- 95—Richmond - Petersburg Express pdf schedule
- 101—Southside Plaza/Belt Boulevard Connector pdf map