Grebe Lake

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Grebe Lake
GrebeLakeYNP.jpg
As seen from Observation Peak, 1964
Location Yellowstone National Park, Park County, Wyoming, US
Coordinates 44°45′03″N 110°33′31″W / 44.75083°N 110.55861°W / 44.75083; -110.55861 (Grebe Lake)Coordinates: 44°45′03″N 110°33′31″W / 44.75083°N 110.55861°W / 44.75083; -110.55861 (Grebe Lake)[1]
Primary outflows Gibbon River
Basin countries United States
Max. length .75 miles (1.21 km)
Max. width .75 miles (1.21 km)
Surface area 156 acres (0.63 km2)
Surface elevation 8,023 feet (2,445 m)[1]

Grebe Lake is a 156 acres (0.63 km2) backcountry lake in Yellowstone National Park most noted for it population of Arctic Grayling. Grebe Lake comprises the headwaters of the Gibbon River. Grebe Lake is located approximately 3.1 miles (5.0 km) north of the Norris-Canyon section of the Grand Loop Road. The trail to the lake passes through mostly level Lodgepole Pine forest and open meadows. The lake was named by J.P. Iddings, a geologist with the Arnold Hague geologic surveys.[2] There are four backcountry campsites located on the lake.[3]

Arctic Grayling[edit]

Grebe Lake Grayling

In 1921, U.S. Fish Commission personnel stocked Grebe Lake, at that time fishless, with the Montana strain Thymallus arcticus montanus of a lacustrine form of Arctic Grayling. The original stocks came from Georgetown Lake near Anaconda, Montana. The fluvial form of Arctic Grayling was native to the Madison and Gibbon Rivers below Gibbon Falls. In an effort to re-establish grayling in western states, over 72 million grayling eggs were harvested from Grebe Lake between 1931 and 1956 and distributed to hatcheries. Most lake dwelling grayling in the west today can be genetically traced to the Grebe Lake stocks,.[4][5] Grebe Lake was closed to fishing until 1944 because of the fish culture operations at the lake. Wolf Lake 2 miles (3.2 km) west and Cascade Lake 3 miles (4.8 km) east also contain grayling.

Angling[edit]

Today, Grebe Lake holds both Arctic Grayling and Rainbow trout. The lake is a popular summer angling destination for park visitors. Although the lake can be fished from shore, many anglers carry in float tubes to access the deeper portions of the lake,.[6][7] Using a float tube on Yellowstone lakes requires a park service boating permit.[8] The lake is open to angling during the entire Yellowstone season (end of May to early November) but generally cannot be easily accessed until mid June because of snow on the trail. The trailhead to Grebe Lake is approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) west of Canyon on the Norris to Canyon road 44°43′3″N 110°32′58″W / 44.71750°N 110.54944°W / 44.71750; -110.54944 (Grebe Lake Trailhead).

Images of Grebe Lake
Trail approach to Grebe Lake, 2009 
Grebe Lake trail, Summer 2009 

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Grebe Lake". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ Whittlesey, Lee (1988). Yellowstone Place Names. Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press. p. 67. ISBN 0-917298-15-2. 
  3. ^ "Yellowstone Backcountry Trip Planner". National Park Service. 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 
  4. ^ Franke, Mary Ann (Fall 1996). "A Grand Experiment-100 Years of Fisheries Management in Yellowstone: Part I". Yellowstone Science (Yellowstone Center for Resources, National Park Service) 4 (4). 
  5. ^ Schullery, Paul; Varley, John D. (1998). Yellowstone Fishes—Ecology, History, and Angling in the Park. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-2777-7. 
  6. ^ Parks, Richard (1998). Fishing Yellowstone National Park. Helena, MT: Falcon Press. ISBN 1-56044-625-0. 
  7. ^ Mathews, Craig; Molinero, Clayton (1997). The Yellowstone Fly-Fishing Guide—An authoritative guide to the waters of Yellowstone National Park. Guilford, CT: The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-55821-545-X. 
  8. ^ Yellowstone National Park Boating Regulations