Greece–Italy relations

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Greek-Italian relations
Map indicating locations of Greece and Italy

Greece

Italy

Greco-Italian relations refer to bilateral foreign relations between Greece and Italy. Due to the strong historical friendship and the deep cultural ties between the two nations, Greece and Italy enjoy excellent diplomatic relations. More than two millennia of shared heritage and Greco-Italian relations strengthened the bonds between the two countries, which today are regarded as perfect and have led to the political statement "One Face, One Race". The two countries are EU member states and they both share partecipation in many international organizations, including the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and NATO, cooperate in many fields and share common political views about the Balkans, and the world. Italy is a main partner of Greece both in exports and imports. Greece and Italy are leading supporters of the integration of all the Balkan states to the Euro-Atlantic family, and promoted the "Agenda 2014", proposed by the Greek Government in 2004 as part of the EU-Western Balkans Summit in Thessaloniki, for boosting the integration of all the Western Balkan states into the European Union by the year 2014, when Greece and Italy assume the rotating Presidency of the European Union for the first and second halves of 2014, respectively.

History[edit]

Greek and Italian volunteers in the Greco-Turkish War in 1897.

Due to the historical ties between the two nations, from ancient to modern times (Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome laid the foundations of the Western Civilization and the common heritage strengthened further the bonds between the two nations), Greece and Italy today enjoy diplomatic relations. In modern times, both countries established diplomatic relations in 1861, immediately upon Italy’s unification.

Overview[edit]

Greece has an embassy in Rome, 2 general consulates in Milan and Naples, a consulate in Venice, and 11 honorary consulates in Trieste (General), Turin (General), Ancona, Catania, Livorno, Bari, Bologna, Brindisi, Florence, Palermo, Perugia, and a Port Consulate in Genova. Italy has an embassy in Athens, and 15 honorary consulates in Alexandroupoli, Kefalonia, Chania, Chios, Corfu, Corinth, Ioannina, Heraklion, Kavala, Larissa, Patras, Rhodes, Thessaloniki, Santorini, and Volos.

Bilateral relations & cooperation[edit]

Greece–Italy pipeline. A map showing the approximate locations of natural gas pipelines through Greece to Italy

The modern relations were difficult during the inter war period (Corfu incident, the occupation of the Dodecanese) and being enemies during World War II (Greco-Italian War). Both countries are full members of many international organizations, including NATO, the European Union, the Council of Europe, the OECD and the Union for the Mediterranean. Greece is one of Italy's main trade partners and both states are co-operating in many fields, including judicial, scientific and educational, and on mutual tourism development. Projects currently in running between the two countries include the Greece–Italy pipeline (which is part of the Interconnector Turkey-Greece-Italy pipeline (ITGI)), and the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP).

Agreements[edit]

  • Economic Cooperation (1949)
  • Avoidance of double Taxation (1964)
  • Delimitation of Continental Shelf Boundaries (1977)
  • Protection of the Ionian Sea Marine Environment (1979)
  • Cooperation against Terrorism, Organised Crime, and Drug Trafficking (1986)

Notable Visits[edit]

  • January 2006; State Visit of President of the Hellenic Republic Mr. Karolos Papoulias to Rome.
  • December 2006; Visit of the Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi to Athens.
  • March 2007; Official Visit of Greek Foreign Minister Dora Bakoyannis to Rome.
  • August 2007; Meeting of Greek Foreign Minister with Italian counterpart Massimo D'Alema in Rome.
  • September 2008; State visit of President of the Italian Republic Mr. Giorgio Napolitano to Athens.
  • August 2012; Visit of the Greek Prime Minister Mr. Antonis Samaras to Rome.
  • September 2012; Visit of President of the Hellenic Republic Mr. Karolos Papoulias to Italy.

Transportation[edit]

The Italian port cities of Bari, Brindisi, Ancona, Venice and Triest in the Adriatic Sea's Italian coast are connected in an every day basis via passenger Ferries and Freight Ferries, with the Greek port cities of Corfu, Patra, Igoumenitsa and Kalamata, allowing for better transport times by skipping the Balkan peninsula.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]