Greek-Swiss relations are foreign relations between Greece and Switzerland. Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1830. Switzerland opened its consulate in 1865. Greece has an embassy in Bern, a general consulate in Geneva, and two honorary consulates in Zurich and Lugano. Switzerland has an embassy in Athens and four consulates (Thessaloniki, Corfu, Patras, Rhodos).
Greece and Switzerland have a long tradition of relations. Before and during the Congress of Vienna in 1815 Ioannis Kapodistrias, a native of Corfu in the service of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, laboured successfully for reorganisation of the Swiss Confederation and for the international recognition of Swiss neutrality. In 1816, he became the first honorary citizen of the city of Lausanne and in 1827 the first Governor of the Hellenic State. Switzerland was one of the nations that supported the creation of the Greek nation in 1830. Two natives of Geneva exercised important functions in the newly constituted Greek monarchy: Jean-Gabriel Eynard as one of the founders of the National Bank of Greece (1842) and Louis-André Gosse was involved in fighting the plague epidemic of 1827 and was a commander in the Greek Navy.
During the Second World War, Switzerland represented the interests of numerous countries in occupied Greece and supported the civilian population. During the military dictatorship (1967-1974) in Greece, many opposition figures found refuge in Switzerland. The Swiss Committee for the Restoration of Democracy in Greece was formed in Bern in 1967.
Greece and Switzerland have a number of treaties between the two countries, mainly dealing with commerce. Some of the major treaties between the countries deal with Social Security and the avoidance of double taxation in respect of income tax.
The balance of trade between Greece and Switzerland is generally toward Switzerland, with Greece having a constant trade deficit. Between 2006 and 2007 Swiss exports to Greece increased 12.9%, while Greek exports to Switzerland increased 26.4%. The main Swiss products imported into Greece are pharmaceuticals and medical supplies, watches, clocks and other luxury goods, machinery and high technology products, electronic equipment, and specific types of food. The main Greek products imported into Switzerland are food and beverages, chemicals, construction materials, and textiles. There are about 48 Swiss companies in Greece which employ about 10'000 people in Greece. Around 300,000 Swiss vacationers visit Greece every year.
|Balance of Trade between Greece and Switzerland (in millions of Swiss Francs)|
|Swiss exports to Greece||928.4||852.7||848.7||910.2||948.8||1091.9||1180.7||1306|
|Greek exports to Switzerland||120.4||126.4||136.1||153.0||134.8||151.9||150.3||316|
|Balance of Trade||-808.0||-726.3||-712.6||-757.2||-814.0||-940.0||-1030.4||-990|
About 11,000 Greeks live in Switzerland, with about 7,000 of them living in Zurich. Most major Swiss towns have a Greek association or community. There are (as of April 2008[update]) 2,921 Swiss living in Greece.
Notes and references
- Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs-Bilateral Relations accessed 11 April 2009
- Ioannis Capodistrias, guardian angel of independence of the Vaud, Capodistrias-Spinelli-Europe, 27 September 2009
- See Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, list of treaties for the full list. Accessed 11 April 2009
- Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs accessed 11 April 2009
- Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs-Key Data for the Hellenic Republic accessed 11 April 2009
- Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Switzerland
- Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs about relations with Greece