Greece (town), New York

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"Greece, New York" redirects here. For the census-designated place contained within the town, see Greece (CDP), New York.
Coordinates: 43°12′34″N 77°41′43″W / 43.20944°N 77.69528°W / 43.20944; -77.69528
Town of Greece
Town
114x111
Greece Town Seal
Motto: Discover the Promise
Country United States
State New York
County Monroe
Elevation 424 ft (129.2 m)
Coordinates 43°12′34″N 77°41′43″W / 43.20944°N 77.69528°W / 43.20944; -77.69528
Area 51.4 sq mi (133.1 km2)
 - land 47.4 sq mi (123 km2)
 - water 3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 7.59%
Population 96,095 (2010)
Density 2,022 / sq mi (780.699 / km2)
Established 1822
Town Supervisor William D. Reilich (R) First Elected 2013
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14612, 14615, 14616, 14626
Area code 585
Location of Greece in New York
Location of New York in the United States
Website: http://www.greeceny.gov/

Greece is a town in Monroe County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 United States census, the town had a total population of 96,095. The town motto is "Discover the Promise."

The Town of Greece is in the northern part of the county and borders the City of Rochester on the east, the Town of Gates on the south, the towns of Parma and Ogden on the west, and Lake Ontario on the north. The town is a contiguous suburb of Rochester. The area known as Charlotte, on the eastern border, was formerly part of the town until it was annexed by the City of Rochester in 1916.

History[edit]

The Town of Greece was established in 1822 from part of the Town of Gates and was previously called Northampton. The name "Greece" was selected because of the contemporary struggle of Greece for independence from the Ottoman Empire.

The region that the town now occupies was originally settled by the Algonquian and Iroquois Native Americans in the 14th century. The first European to visit the area was the French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, who visited in 1669.[1] European settlers began to arrive in the area in the 1790s, and French and British soldiers passed through on multiple occasions during this time period as the two colonial powers struggled to control the region.

According to the Morgan Quitno Awards, Greece was rated the ninth overall safest city in America and the sixth safest city with a population of 75,000 to 99,999.[2]

Town supervisors
Name Term Name Term Name Term
John Williams 1822
1830
Peter Larkin 1861–1862
1872
1876
Frank Vance 1902–Feb 14, 1903
Frederick Bushnell 1823–1825 Harry A. Olmsted 1863 Willis N. Britton Feb 25, 1903
Silas Walker 1826–1829 Nelson Lewis 1864–1869 Frank Truesdale 1904–1909
Elijah Hughitt 1831 Simon Butts 1870–1871 Frank Dobson 1910–1915
Giles H. Holden 1832–1833 David Todd 1874–1875 Herbert J. Paine 1916–1921
Asa Rowe 1834–1835
1842
Alanson P. Britton 1877–1878
1884–1885
1887
1893
April 29, 1901–December 31, 1901
Frank J. Mitchell 1922–1927
Samuel Bradley 1836–1838 John Lowden 1879–1880 William F. Schmitt 1928–1933
Lyman Langworthy 1839–1841
1850
John Kintz 1881 Gordon A. Howe 1934–1960
Abdial Carpenter 1843
1848
Erastus Benedict 1882–1883 Vincent L. Tofany 1960–1964
George C. Salter 1844 Lucien A. Rowe 1886 George W. Badgerow 1965–1969
George C. Latta 1845
1849
John M. Lowdon 1888–1889 Fred J. Eckert 1970–1972
James S. Stone 1846–1847
1853
Thomas Eddy 1890 Donald J. Riley 1973–1989
Levi H. Parrish 1851–1852 Joseph R. Beaty 1891–1892 Roger W. Boily 1989–1997
Elias Avery 1854–1855 James B. Castle 1894–1897 John T. Auberger 1998–2013
Erastus Walker 1856–1857
1873
Edward Frisbee 1898–February 27, 1901 William D. Reilich 2014-present
Joshua Eaton 1858 William T. Whelehan March 1, 1901–March 27, 1901
Alamander Wilder 1859 Charles H. Banker March 27, 1901–April 24, 1901

Geography[edit]

Greece is located at 43o 14' N latitude, 077o 42' W longitude.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.4 square miles (133.0 km²), of which, 47.4 square miles (122.8 km²) of it is land and 3.9 square miles (10.2 km²) of it (7.65%) is water.

Major highways in the town include NY 390 and the Lake Ontario State Parkway. As that suggests, the town borders Lake Ontario.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 94,141 people, 36,995 households, and 25,748 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,985.0 people per square mile (766.4/km²). There were 38,315 housing units at an average density of 807.9 per square mile (311.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.37% White, 2.88% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.55% of the population.

J & F Fetzner Carriage and Blacksmith shop on West Ridge Road, by Raymond Getzner, 1877

There were 36,995 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $48,355, and the median income for a family was $57,102. Males had a median income of $41,563 versus $29,864 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,614. About 3.6% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Greece town hall

The town is governed by a town board consisting of a supervisor and four council members. The supervisor is elected by all registered voters in the town, while council members are elected by and represent one of four wards. Supervisors are elected for four-year terms, and by town law may not serve for more than twelve years consecutively, after which the individual is ineligible to serve for four years. Councilpersons are elected for two-year terms, and may serve for a maximum of ten consecutive years in that position.[4]

The town board's practice of opening each meeting with a prayer, which started in 1999, was legally challenged in 2008,[5] on the grounds that all prayers offered to open the meetings had, until that point, been Christian ones.[6] The United States District Court, Western District of New York, ruled in favor of the town in 2010,[7] and the Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed that decision in 2012,[8] setting the stage for a 2014 decision by the Supreme Court of the United States which ruled in favor of the town in the case Town of Greece v. Galloway.[9]

Education[edit]

There are three school districts serving the Town of Greece: the Greece Central School District, the Hilton Central School District and the Spencerport Central School District.

There are twelve elementary schools, four middle schools, and four high schools in the Greece Central School District, educating approximately 13,000 students. The post-elementary schools have Classical Greek names: Arcadia, Athena, Apollo, Odyssey Academy, and Olympia. The school district's motto is "One Vision, One Team, One Greece." Among the elementary schools, two schools span K-5; Pine Brook and West Ridge.

Communities and locations in Greece[edit]

  • Barnard—Community near Dewey Ave., Stone Road, and Maiden Lane.
  • Braddock Bay—A bay off of Lake Ontario and a state park in the northwest section of the town, north of the Lake Ontario State Parkway on East Manitou Road.
  • Braddock Heights—A community near Braddock Bay.
  • Elmgrove—Area around Elmgrove Road.
  • Grandview Heights—West side of Long Pond, off Lowden Point Road, just south of Edgemere Drive.
  • Grand View Beach—Edgemere Drive west of Lowden Point Road, opposite Cranberry Pond.
  • North Greece—Near Latta Road (Rt. 18) and North Greece Rd. (Zip Code 14468).
  • West Greece—Near West Ridge Road (Rt. 104) and Manitou Road (Rt. 261); destination of the Route 14 bus.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Town History". All About Greece. The Town of Greece. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  2. ^ 13th Annual America's Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Code of the Town of Greece, chapter 45". Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Mehta, Hemant (2013-08-16). "Everything You Need to Know About Town of Greece v. Galloway, the Supreme Court Case About Government Prayer". Friendly Atheist. Patheos. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Lund, Christopher C. (2013-08-15). "Legislative Prayer Goes Back to the Supreme Court". Slate.com. The Slate Group. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Galloway v Greece". Google Scholar. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Decision of Court ofAppeals". Google Scholar. Retrieved 8 September 2013. 
  9. ^ Liptak, Adam (May 5, 2014). "Town Meetings Can Have Prayer, Justices Decide". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 

External links[edit]