Greece (town), New York
|Town of Greece|
Greece Town Seal
|Motto: Discover the Promise|
|Elevation||424 ft (129.2 m)|
|Area||51.4 sq mi (133.1 km2)|
|- land||47.4 sq mi (123 km2)|
|- water||3.9 sq mi (10 km2), 7.59%|
|Density||2,022 / sq mi (780.699 / km2)|
|Town Supervisor||William D. Reilich (R) First Elected 2013|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP code||14612, 14615, 14616, 14626|
The Town of Greece is in the northern part of the county and borders the City of Rochester on the east, the Town of Gates on the south, the towns of Parma and Ogden on the west, and Lake Ontario on the north. The town is a contiguous suburb of Rochester. The area known as Charlotte, on the eastern border, was formerly part of the town until it was annexed by the City of Rochester in 1916.
The Town of Greece was established in 1822 from part of the Town of Gates and was previously called Northampton. The name "Greece" was selected because of the contemporary struggle of Greece for independence from the Ottoman Empire.
The region that the town now occupies was originally settled by the Algonquian and Iroquois Native Americans in the 14th century. The first European to visit the area was the French explorer Rene-Robert Cavelier, who visited in 1669. European settlers began to arrive in the area in the 1790s, and French and British soldiers passed through on multiple occasions during this time period as the two colonial powers struggled to control the region.
|Frank Vance||1902–Feb 14, 1903|
|Frederick Bushnell||1823–1825||Harry A. Olmsted||1863||Willis N. Britton||Feb 25, 1903|
|Silas Walker||1826–1829||Nelson Lewis||1864–1869||Frank Truesdale||1904–1909|
|Elijah Hughitt||1831||Simon Butts||1870–1871||Frank Dobson||1910–1915|
|Giles H. Holden||1832–1833||David Todd||1874–1875||Herbert J. Paine||1916–1921|
|Alanson P. Britton||1877–1878
April 29, 1901–December 31, 1901
|Frank J. Mitchell||1922–1927|
|Samuel Bradley||1836–1838||John Lowden||1879–1880||William F. Schmitt||1928–1933|
|John Kintz||1881||Gordon A. Howe||1934–1960|
|Erastus Benedict||1882–1883||Vincent L. Tofany||1960–1964|
|George C. Salter||1844||Lucien A. Rowe||1886||George W. Badgerow||1965–1969|
|George C. Latta||1845
|John M. Lowdon||1888–1889||Fred J. Eckert||1970–1972|
|James S. Stone||1846–1847
|Thomas Eddy||1890||Donald J. Riley||1973–1989|
|Levi H. Parrish||1851–1852||Joseph R. Beaty||1891–1892||Roger W. Boily||1989–1997|
|Elias Avery||1854–1855||James B. Castle||1894–1897||John T. Auberger||1998–2013|
|Edward Frisbee||1898–February 27, 1901||William D. Reilich||2014-present|
|Joshua Eaton||1858||William T. Whelehan||March 1, 1901–March 27, 1901|
|Alamander Wilder||1859||Charles H. Banker||March 27, 1901–April 24, 1901|
Greece is located at 43o 14' N latitude, 077o 42' W longitude.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.4 square miles (133.0 km²), of which, 47.4 square miles (122.8 km²) of it is land and 3.9 square miles (10.2 km²) of it (7.65%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 94,141 people, 36,995 households, and 25,748 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,985.0 people per square mile (766.4/km²). There were 38,315 housing units at an average density of 807.9 per square mile (311.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.37% White, 2.88% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 1.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.55% of the population.
There were 36,995 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.05.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $48,355, and the median income for a family was $57,102. Males had a median income of $41,563 versus $29,864 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,614. About 3.6% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
|This section requires expansion. (December 2011)|
The town is governed by a town board consisting of a supervisor and four council members. The supervisor is elected by all registered voters in the town, while council members are elected by and represent one of four wards. Supervisors are elected for four-year terms, and by town law may not serve for more than twelve years consecutively, after which the individual is ineligible to serve for four years. Councilpersons are elected for two-year terms, and may serve for a maximum of ten consecutive years in that position.
The town board's practice of opening each meeting with a prayer, which started in 1999, was legally challenged in 2008, on the grounds that all prayers offered to open the meetings had, until that point, been Christian ones. The United States District Court, Western District of New York, ruled in favor of the town in 2010, and the Second Circuit Court of Appeals reversed that decision in 2012, setting the stage for a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States, which is scheduled to hear arguments on November 6, 2013 in a case styled Town of Greece v. Galloway.
The Greece Police Department is the principal law enforcement agency in the Town of Greece. It is headquartered on Island Cottage Rd. and has a second precinct on Maiden Lane, adjacent to Barnard Park. The department operates a patrol division, a traffic division, and a criminal investigations division. The fleet is composed mainly of Ford Crown Victorias.
There are five fire districts that provide fire protection services in the Town of Greece
The Ridge Road Fire District covers the southern portion of the town and is a career fire department. It is staffed by 60 firefighters and officers who work a four-group schedule. The District operates three firehouses. Headquarters, located at 1299 Long Pond Road, houses an Engine, a light rescue, and a battalion chief. Four firefighters, one company officer, and one battalion chief are assigned there. The Stoneridge station is located at 200 Stoneridge Dr, and houses one engine which is staffed by two firefighters and one company officer. The Ridgeway Avenue station is located at 2300 Ridgeway avenue and houses an engine and a quint. It is staffed by three firefighters and one company officer.
The North Greece Fire District covers the northern and central portions of the town. The district is staffed as a combination fire department that supplements manpower from the North Greece Fire Department, Inc. There are three fire stations, all of which are staffed 24-hours a day by career personnel. Station #1 is located at 645 North Greece Rd, Station #2 (headquarters) is located at 1766 Latta Rd., and Station #3 is located at 2030 English Rd.
The Lake Shore Fire District covers the northernmost portion of the town, which borders Lake Ontario. The district operates three fire stations. Headquarters, located at 1 Long Pond Road is staffed by one career firefighter. All other staffing is supplemented by volunteers and part-time laborers.
The Barnard Fire District covers the southeastern portion of the town and operates one fire station, located at 3084 Dewey Avenue. This station is staffed 24-hours per day by career firefighters and officers who operate an engine and light rescue. Volunteer staffing supplements the Barnard Fire District.
The Hilton Parma Fire District, based in neighboring Hilton, covers a small portion of the Town of Greece, north of Manitou Beach Rd. and east of Payne Beach Rd.
Emergency Medical Services are provided by all fire districts in a first-response capacity. Ambulance service in the North Greece and Lakeshore fire districts is provided by Greece Volunteer Ambulance. In the Barnard and Ridge Road districts, Monroe Ambulance provides ambulance service. All ambulance providers employ both paramedics and EMT's.
There are three school districts serving the Town of Greece: the Greece Central School District, the Hilton Central School District and the Spencerport Central School District.
There are twelve elementary schools, four middle schools, and four high schools in the Greece Central School District, educating approximately 13,000 students. The post-elementary schools have Classical Greek names: Arcadia, Athena, Apollo, Odyssey Academy, and Olympia. The school district's motto is "One Vision, One Team, One Greece." Among the elementary schools, two schools span K-5; Pine Brook and West Ridge.
Communities and locations in Greece
- Barnard—Community near Dewey Ave., Stone Road, and Maiden Lane.
- Braddock Bay—A bay off of Lake Ontario and a state park in the northwest section of the town, north of the Lake Ontario State Parkway on East Manitou Road.
- Braddock Heights—A community near Braddock Bay.
- Elmgrove—Area around Elmgrove Road.
- Grandview Heights—West side of Long Pond, off Lowden Point Road, just south of Edgemere Drive.
- Grand View Beach—Edgemere Drive west of Lowden Point Road, opposite Cranberry Pond.
- North Greece—Near Latta Road (Rt. 18) and North Greece Rd. (Zip Code 14468).
- West Greece—Near West Ridge Road (Rt. 104) and Manitou Road (Rt. 261); destination of the Route 14 bus.
- "Town History". All About Greece. The Town of Greece. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
- 13th Annual America's Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Code of the Town of Greece, chapter 45". Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Mehta, Hemant (2013-08-16). "Everything You Need to Know About Town of Greece v. Galloway, the Supreme Court Case About Government Prayer". Friendly Atheist. Patheos. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Lund, Christopher C. (2013-08-15). "Legislative Prayer Goes Back to the Supreme Court". Slate.com. The Slate Group. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Galloway v Greece". Google Scholar. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Decision of Court ofAppeals". Google Scholar. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- "Supreme Court official web site". Retrieved 8 September 2013.
- Town of Greece webpage
- Greece Chamber of Commerce
- Greece Central School District
- Hilton Central School District
- Greece Historical Society and Museum